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2015 | 15 | 63 | 423-428
Article title

Ultrasound image of the thyroid gland in obese children

Content
Title variants
PL
Obraz ultrasonograficzny tarczycy u dzieci otyłych
Languages of publication
EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Obesity as a disease of affluence also affects younger children. Numerous observations suggest a link between excessive body weight and thyroid function disorders. Subclinical hypothyroidism has been diagnosed increasingly frequently in patients with obesity. A growing number of papers also point to morphological changes of the thyroid gland in the ultrasound examination in obese children. These reports mainly concern changes in echogenicity. The present paper discusses the most important aspects of this topic on the basis of the literature as well as containing a brief analysis based on own experiences.
PL
Otyłość jako choroba cywilizacyjna dotyka również dzieci w młodszych grupach wiekowych. Liczne obserwacje sugerują istnienie związku między nadmierną masą ciała a zaburzeniami funkcji tarczycy. U pacjentów z otyłością coraz częściej rozpoznaje się subkliniczną niedoczynność tego gruczołu. Coraz więcej prac wskazuje też na zmiany morfologiczne tarczycy w badaniu ultrasonograficznym u otyłych dzieci. Doniesienia te dotyczą głównie zmian echogeniczności. Praca zawiera omówienie najważniejszych aspektów tego tematu na podstawie literatury oraz krótką analizę zagadnienia opartą na własnych doświadczeniach.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
15
Issue
63
Pages
423-428
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Pediatrics, Hematology and Oncology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland, j.szczyrski@gum.edu.pl
  • Department of Pediatrics, Hematology and Oncology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland
  • Department of Pediatrics, Diabetology and Endocrinology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland
  • Department of Pediatrics, Diabetology and Endocrinology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland
References
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  • Canaris GJ, Manowitz NR, Mayor G, Ridgway EC: The Colorado thyroid disease prevalence study. Arch Intern Med 2000; 160: 526–534.
  • Trzebińska A, Dobruch-Sobczak K, Jakubowski W, Jędrzejowski M: Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society – update. Ultrasound examination of thyroid gland and ultrasound-guided thyroid biopsy. J Ultrason 2014; 14: 49–60.
  • Wesche MF, Wiersinga WM, Smits NJ: Lean body mass as a determinant of thyroid size. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 1998; 48: 701–706.
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  • Radetti G, Kleon W, Buzi F, Crivellaro C, Pappalardo L, di Iorgi N et al.: Thyroid function and structure are affected in childhood obesity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008; 93: 4749–4754.
  • Kershaw EE, Flier JS: Adipose tissue as an endocrine organ. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004; 89: 2548–2556.
  • Radetti G, Longhi S, Baiocchi M, Cassar W, Buzi F: Changes in lifestyle improve body composition, thyroid function, and structure in obese children. J Endocrinol Invest 2012; 35: 281–285.
  • Cambuli VM, Musiu MC, Incani M, Paderi M, Serpe R, Marras V et al.: Assessment of adiponectin and leptin as biomarkers of positive metabolic outcomes after lifestyle intervention in overweight and obese children. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008; 93: 3051–3057.
  • Rotondi M, Cappelli C, Leporati P, Chytiris S, Zerbini F, Fonte R et al.: A hypoechoic pattern of the thyroid at ultrasound does not indicate autoimmune thyroid diseases in patients with morbid obesity. Eur J Endocrinol 2010; 163: 105–109.
  • Poster Presentations: Horm Res Paediatr 2007; 68 (Suppl. 1): 195–237. Available from: http://www.karger.com/DOI/10.1159/000105511.
Document Type
review
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-93fb5958-ab5b-424a-91f0-15df9d82de5f
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