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Article title

Woda a oddychanie gleby

Title variants
Water and respiration of soil
Languages of publication
Przedstawiono główne czynniki wpływające na zdolność gleb do retencji wody jak: struktura gleby, zawartość materii organicznej czy interakcja ze słabymi wiązaniami chemicznymi. Wyjaśniono różne podejścia do oceny ilości wody zawartej w glebie w tym: grawimetryczną zawartość wody (GWC), potencjał wody glebowej i pojemność wodną gleby (WHC). Opisano zależność pomiędzy zawartością wody w glebie a metabolizmem mikroorganizmów glebowych oraz mechanizm wysuszania i nawadniania gleby. Przedyskutowano znaczenie globalnych zmian klimatycznych, w tym coraz częstszych okresów suszy i ulewnych deszczy, na potencjał gleb dla retencji wody.
Presented are main factors influencing the ability of soil for water retention, like soil structure, organic matter content and interaction of water molecules with weak chemical bonds. Explained are various approaches to determination of the amount of water contained in soil, such as gravimetric water content (GWC), potential of soil water and water holding capacity (WHC). Outlined is the relationship between water content in soil and metabolism of soil microorganisms, as well as the mechanisms involved in soil drying and watering. Influence of global climatic changes upon soil's potential to retain water is discussed in connection with the occurrence of more frequent droughts and torrent rains.
Physical description
  • Uniwersytet Południowo Czeski, Bronisovska 1645/31A, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czechia
  • University of South Bohemia, Bronisovska 1645/31A, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czechia
  • Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Konstantynów 1 H, 20-708 Lublin, Polska
  • Catholic University of Lublin, Konstantynów 1 H, 20-708 Lublin, Poland
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