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2012 | 19 | 4 | 585-595

Article title

Application of mosses to identification of emission sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons / Wykorzystanie mchów do identyfikacji źródeł emisji wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych


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The moss Pleurozium schreberi was used to evaluate the emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at Polish cemeteries on the All Saints' Day, when Poles traditionally light candles and candle lamps in memory of the deceased. Moss samples were exposed for 7 days at 4 cemeteries and, for comparison, in a city centre and in a rural area. During exposition, the mean content of 16 monitored PAHs in the samples increased by 455 ng/g at the cemeteries and by 689 ng g-1 in the city centre. In the rural area, the samples showed no statistically significant changes. PAHs whose content increased only in the moss samples exposed at the cemeteries included naphthalene, pyrene, benzo[b]fluoranthene together with benzo[k]fluoranthene, benzo[g,h,i]perylene, indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene and dibenzo[a,h]anthracene. The concentrations of other PAHs increased in samples exposed in the city centre and at two cemeteries located in the suburban areas. The results presented confirm the possibility of using mosses in biomonitoring of PAHs.
Mchy Pleurozium schreberi wykorzystano do oceny emisji WWA na cmentarzach podczas Święta Wszystkich Świętych. W Polsce jest to tradycyjny okres pamięci o zmarłych, dla których uczczenia spalane są duże ilości świec i zniczy. Mchy eksponowano przez 7 dni na 4 cmentarzach oraz, dla porównania, w centrum miasta i na terenie wiejskim. W próbkach mchów oznaczano 16 związków z grupy WWA. Po okresie ekspozycji średni przyrost ΣWWA wyniósł: na cmentarzach 455 ng/g i w centrum miasta 689 ng/g. Nie stwierdzono statystycznie istotnych zmian w próbkach eksponowanych na terenie wiejskim. W próbkach eksponowanych na cmentarzach wykazano charakterystyczne przyrosty stężeń: naftalenu, pirenu, sumy benzo[b]fluorantrenu i benzo[k]fluorantrenu, benzo[g,h,i]perylenu, indeno[1,2,3-cd]pirenu i dibenzo[a,h]antracenu. Stwierdzono także proporcjonalne przyrosty stężeń pozostałych WWA w próbkach eksponowanych w centrum miasta oraz na 2 cmentarzach położonych na jego peryferiach. Zaprezentowane wyniki badań potwierdzają opinię o możliwościach zastosowania mchów w biomonitoringu emisji WWA.









Physical description


1 - 11 - 2012
13 - 11 - 2012


  • Department of Land Protection, Opole University, ul. Oleska 22, 45-052 Opole, Poland, phone +48 77 401 60 27
  • Department of Thermal Engineering and Industrial Facilities, Opole University of Technology, ul. S. Mikołajczyka 5, 45-271 Opole, Poland, phone +48 77 400 6391
  • Chair of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, ul. kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland, phone +48 77 401 60 42
  • Chair of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, ul. kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland, phone +48 77 401 60 42


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