Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 4 | 1 | 44-52

Article title

The Views of Women Practising Artistic Gymnastics, Rhythmic Gymnastics and Acrobatics Gymnastics on Their Disciplines


Title variants

Languages of publication



Background: Physical culture covers a number of forms of physical activity, with sport being the most specialized form of participation. Rapid development of sport in recent years has contributed not only to the rise in the level of competitive sport but it also made the processes of social transitions to be reflected on a wider scale. The goal of this study is to demonstrate the views on professional sports from two generations of women who have practiced gymnastics. The main focus was on the presentation of gymnastics in the perspective of other disciplines and its place in everyday life of the studied subjects.Material/Methods: The study was carried out among a group of 482 athletes of two generations: gymnasts currently involved in sport and the former ones. Sociological research was the basic research method. A questionnaire survey and an interview questionnaire were the used research tools. The material was also subjected to statistical elaboration, using V-Cramer coefficient, which confirms statistically significant relationships.Results: The results of the study revealed that during sport careers both the idea of professional sport activity and the importance of individual values of sport undergo considerable transformations at different phases of gymnasts' sport careers, which is proved by the differences in opinions between both the studied generations.Conclusions: Attitudes of the two generations of gymnasts towards competitive sport, despite a number of similarities, also show some intergenerational disproportions.











Physical description


1 - 1 - 2012
4 - 4 - 2012


  • University School of Physical Education in Cracow, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education in Cracow, Poland
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland


  • Pietrzyk W. Pozytywny i negatywny wpływ uprawiania sportu na kształtowanie się niektórych cech osobowościowych [in Polish] [Positive and negative influence of practising sport on shaping certain personality traits]. In: Rychta T, editor. Sport a wszechstronny rozwój osobowości człowieka [Sport and comprehensive development of human personality]. Warszawa: AWF; 1983, 44-62
  • Żukowska Z. Socjalizacyjne wartości uczestnictwa w kulturze fizycznej [in Polish] [Socializing values of participation in physical culture]. Kultura Fizyczna 1990;3-4:17-19
  • Grabowski H. Teoria fizycznej edukacji [in Polish] [Theory of physical education]. Warszawa: WSiP; 1997, 16-31
  • Gutman A. The Image of sport in North America. In: Mester J, editor: Images of sport in the world. International Congress. 75th anniversary of the German Sport University Cologne. Conference proceedings. Cologne; 1997, 45-73
  • Sawczyn S. Podstawy kontroli obciążeń treningowych w gimnastyce sportowej [in Polish] [Bases of training load control in artistic gymnastics]. Gdańsk: AWFiS; 2008.
  • Lavallee D, Robinson HK. In pursuit of an identity: A qualitative exploration of retirement from women's artistic gymnastics. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2007 Jan;8(1):119-141.[WoS]
  • Sahaj T. Kobiety we współczesnym sporcie [in Polish] [Women in contemporary sport]. Sport Wyczynowy 2004;1-2:55-63.
  • Antosiak-Cyrak K. Przyczyny redukowania masy ciała u zawodniczek uprawiających gimnastykę artystyczną i pływanie [in Polish] [Reasons for reducing body mass in competitors of rhythmic gymnastics and swimming]. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport 2002;1:90.
  • Perzyńska-Biskup A, Sawczyn S. The value of education and work in the representatives of gymnasts' opinion. Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity 2010;2(2):144-149.
  • Gniewkowski W. Zabawa a rozwój intencji twórczej dzieci i młodzieży [in Polish] [Play and the development of creative intentions in children and youth]. Kultura Fizyczna 1978;4:152-155.
  • Lipiec J. Kalokagatia Szkice z filozofii sportu. [in Polish] [Kalos kagathos. Essays on the philosophy of sport]. Warszawa - Kraków; PWN, 1988.
  • Sankowski T. Wybrane psychologiczne aspekty aktywności sportowej [in Polish] [Selected psychological aspects of sports activity].
  • Weiss O. Social recognition in sport. In: Kosiewicz J, Obodyński K, editors. Sport in the mirror of values. Rzeszów: University of Rzeszów. European Association for the Sociology of Sport. Podkarpackie Society of Science; 2003, 32-40.
  • Krawczyk Z. Studia z filozofii i socjologii kultury fizycznej [in Polish] [Studies on the philosophy and sociology of physical culture]. Warszawa: Sport i Turystyka; 1978, 173.
  • Heineman K. Sport w społeczeństwie postmodernistycznym [in Polish] [Sport in a postmodern society]. Sport Wyczynowy 1999;4-3:81.
  • Nawrocka W. Psychologiczne aspekty sportu kobiet [in Polish] [Psychological aspects of women's sport]. In: Nawrocka W, editor. Wybrane zagadnienia sportu kobiet. Warszawa: INKFiPKOL; 1971, 175-187.
  • Sekuła-Kwaśniewicz H. Sport zawodniczy a style życia. Studium socjologiczne kobiet czynnych w sporcie [in Polish] [Competitive sport and lifestyles. A sociological study on women active in sports]. Kraków: AWF; 1991, 100.
  • Maszczak T. Wychowanie fizyczne i zdrowotne wobec zagrożeń cywilizacyjnych [in Polish] [Physical and health education in view of civilisation threats], Wychowanie Fizyczne i Zdrowotne 1995;2:52-55.
  • Krawczyk Z. Natura, kultura-sport. Kontrowersje teoretyczne w Polsce [in Polish] [Nature, culture, sport. Theoretical controversies in Poland]. Warszawa: PWN; 1970.
  • Krawczyk B. Społeczne wartości kariery sportowej [in Polish] [Social values of a sports career]. Sport Wyczynowy 1973;1:1-6.
  • Krawczyk Z. Sport in changing Europe. European Journal for Sport and Society 2004;1(2):89-101.
  • Lipiec J. Filozofia Olimpizmu [in Polish] [Philosophy of Olympics]. Warszawa: PWS SPRINT; 1999, 134-138.
  • Czajkowski Z. Czynniki psycho-społeczne w sporcie kobiet [in Polish] [Psycho-social determinants of women's sport]. Sport Wyczynowy 1989;6:9-23.
  • Hoyenga KB, Hoyenga K. Sex differences. Boston: Little Brown and Company; 1980.
  • Kuźmińska O. Piękno ruchu taneczno-gimnastycznego [in Polish] [The beauty of dance and gymnastic movement]. Poznań: SENS; 1996.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.