Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results


2006 | 4 | 2 | 317-328

Article title

Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of silver and gold nanowires embedded in mesoporous MCM-41


Title variants

Languages of publication



Uniform nanowires of silver and gold inside the channels of MCM-41 were prepared by controlled reduction of their respective metal salts with sodium borohydride (NaBH4). Presence of nanowires of silver and gold in MCM-41 were confirmed by high angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) data (peaks between 2ϑ = 30 − 60°) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed the diameter of the nanowires. Diameter of nanowires is found to be ∼ 2.8 nm which is coincident with channel diameter of MCM-41. Optical properties of these heterostructured materials Ag-MCM-41 and Au-MCM-41 reveals the presence of surface plasmon absorption peaks of silver and gold respectively, and the shift in the absorption bands are associated to agglomeration of clusters inside the channels. Room temperature photoluminescence spectra exhibits interesting optical properties as observed for direct band gap semiconductors. Non-linear optical properties (NLO) corresponding to second harmonic generation (SHG) values were also recorded for self supported films of these heterostructured materials. Enhanced optical non-linearity was found to be arising from a corresponding increase of local field near the surface plasmon resonance. Further enhancement in SHG was found with poling due to an induction of orientation order.











Physical description


1 - 6 - 2006
1 - 6 - 2006


  • Center for Materials for Electronics Technology, Panchwati, Pune, 411008, India
  • National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, 411008, India
  • Department of Physics, University of Pune, Ganesh Khind, Pune, 411007, India
  • Department of Physics, University of Pune, Ganesh Khind, Pune, 411007, India
  • National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, 411008, India


  • [1] G. Schmid: Clusters and Colloids: From Theory to Applications, VCH, Weinhein, 1994.
  • [2] A.P. Alivisatos: “Perspectives on the Physical Chemistry of Semiconductor Nanocrystals”, J. Phys. Chem., Vol. 100, (1996), pp. 13226–13239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp9535506[Crossref]
  • [3] P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H.C. Huang, S.R. Cordero, M.D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G.M. Whitesides, B.F. Chemelka, S.K. Buratto and G.D. Stucky: “Mirrorless Lasing from Mesostructured Waveguides Patterned by Soft Lithography”, Science, Vol. 287, (2000), pp. 465–467.
  • [4] W.Z. Wang, Y. Geng, Y.T. Qiam, M.G. Ji and X.M. Liu: “A Novel Pathway to PbSe Nanowires at Room Temperature”, Adv. Mater., Vol. 10, (1998), pp. 1479–1481.
  • [5] R.P. Andres, J.D. Dielefeld, J.I. Hendersom, D.B. Janes, V.R. Kolagunta, C.P. Kubiak, W.J. Mahaney and R.J. Osifehin: “Self assembly of a two dimensional super lattice of molecularly lincked metal clusters”, Science, Vol. 273, (1996), pp. 1690–1692.
  • [6] M. Moffit and A. Eisenderg: “Size Control of Nanoparticles in Semiconductor-Polymer Composites. 1. Control via Multiplet Aggregation Numbers in Styrene-Based Random Ionomers”, Chem. Mater., Vol. 7, (1995), pp. 1178–1184. [Crossref]
  • [7] S. Forster and M. Antonietti: “Amphiphilic Block Copolymers in Structure-Controlled Nanomaterial Hybrids”, Adv. Mater., Vol. 10, (1998), pp. 195–217.
  • [8] L. Bronstein, E. Kramer, B. Berton, C. Burger, S. Forster and M. Antoniethi: “Successive Use of Amphiphilic Block Copolymers as Nanoreactors and Templates: Preparation of Porous Silica with Metal Nanoparticles”, Chem. Mater., Vol. 11, (1999), pp. 1402–1405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm980762h[Crossref]
  • [9] S. Sato, K. Toda and S. Oniki: “Kinetic Study on the Formation of Colloidal Gold in the Presence of Acetylenic Glycol Nonionic Surfactant”, J. Colloid. Interface Sci., Vol. 218, (1999), pp. 504–510. [Crossref]
  • [10] K. Fukumi, A. Chayahara, K. Kadono, T. Sakaguchi, Y. Horino, M. Miya, J. Hayakawa and M. Satou: “Gold(1+) ion-implanted silica glass with non-linear optical property”, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 30, (1991), pp. 742–744. http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.30.L742[Crossref]
  • [11] K. Kurihara, J. Kizling, P. Stenius and J.H. Fendler: “Laser and pulse radiolytically induced colloidal gold formation in water and in water-in-oil microemulsions”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol. 105, (1983), pp. 2579–2582.
  • [12] N. Satoh and K. Kimura: “Metal Colloids produced by means of Gas Evaporation technique V. Colloidal Dispersion of Au Fine Particles to Hexane, Poor Dispersion Media for metal Sol”, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., Vol. 62, (1989), pp. 1758–1763. [Crossref]
  • [13] M.H. Huang, A. Choudrey and P. Yang: “Ag nanowire formation within mesoporous silica”, Chem. Commun., (2000), pp. 1063–1064. [Crossref]
  • [14] A. Fukuoka, N. Higashimoto, M. Sasaki, M. Harada, S. Inagaki, Y. Fukushima and M. Ichikawa: “Templating fabrication and Catalysis of Platinum nanowires in Mesoporous channels of FSM-16”, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., Vol. 130, (2000), pp. 3041–3046.
  • [15] G.L. Hornyak, C.J. Patrissi and C.R. Martin: “Fabrication, Characterization, and Optical Properties of Gold Nanoparticle/Porous Alumina Composites: The Nonscattering Maxwell-Garnett Limit”, J. Phy. Chem. B, Vol. 101, (1997), pp. 1548–1555.
  • [16] J.R. Agger, M.W. Anderson, M.E. Pemble, O. Terasaki and Y. Nozue: “Growth of Quantum-Confined Indium Phosphide inside MCM-41”, J. Phys Chem. B., Vol. 102, (1998), pp. 3345–3353. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp972994u[Crossref]
  • [17] V.I. Srdanov, I. Alxneit, G.D. Stucky, C.M. Reaves and S.P. DenBaars: “Optical Properties of GaAs Confined in the Pores of MCM-41”, J. Phys. Chem. B., Vol. 102, (1998), pp. 3341–3344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp9729932[Crossref]
  • [18] R. Leon, D. Margolese, G. Stucky and P.M. Petroff: “Nanocrystalline Ge filaments in the pores of a mesosilicate”, Phys. Rev. B., Vol. 52, (1995), pp. R2285–R2288. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.52.R2285[Crossref]
  • [19] P.V. Adhyapak, P. Karandikar, K. Vijayamohanan, A.A. Athavale and A.J. Chandwadkar: “Synthesis of silver nanowires inside mesoporous MCM-41 host”, Mater. Lett., Vol. 58, (2004), pp. 1168–1171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2003.09.008[Crossref]
  • [20] P. Mazzoldi, G.W. Arnold, G. Bataglin, I. Gonella and R.F. Haglund Jr.: “Metal nanocluster formation by ion implantation in silicate glasses: nonlinear optical applications”, J. Non-Linear Opt. Phys., Vol. 5, (1996), pp. 285–330.
  • [21] G. Yang, W. Wang, L. Yan, H. Lu, G. Yang and Z. Chen: “Z-scan determination of the large third-order optical nonlinearity of Rh:BaTiO3 thin films deposited on MgO substrates”, Opt. Commun., Vol. 209, (2002) pp. 445–449. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0030-4018(02)01676-0[Crossref]
  • [22] M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solic, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford Long, D. H. Osborne and R. F. Haglund Jr.: “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 71, (1997) pp. 2445–2447. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.120117[Crossref]
  • [23] B. W. Wessels: “Ferroelectric oxide epitaxial thin films: synthesis and non-linear optical properties”, J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 195, (1998), pp. 706–710. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0248(98)00697-6[Crossref]
  • [24] G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang and Z. Chen: “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 81, (2002), pp. 3969–3971. [Crossref]
  • [25] R.A. Ganeev, A.I. Ryasnyansky, S.R. Kamalov, M.K. Kodirov and T. Usmanov: “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals”, J. Phys. D: Applied Phys., Vol. 34, (2001), pp. 1602–1611.
  • [26] R. Antoine, P.F. Brevet, H.H. Girault, D. Bethell and D. Schiffrin: “Surface plasmon enhanced non-linear optical response of gold nanoparticles at the air/toluene interface”, Chem. Commun., (1997), pp. 1901–1902. [Crossref]
  • [27] P. Galletto, P.F. Brevet, H.H. Girault, R. Antoine and M. Broyer: “Enhancement of the Second Harmonic Response by Adsorbates on Gold Colloids: The Effect of Aggregation”, J. Phys. Chem. B, Vol. 103, (1999), pp. 8706–8710. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp991937t[Crossref]
  • [28] K. Pedersen, T.B. Kristensen, T.G. Pedersen, T. Jensen, Per Morgen, Z. Li and S.V. Hoffmann: “Characterisation of Au films on Si(1 1 1) √3 × √3 - Au by photoemission and optical second-harmonic generation”, Surface Science, Vol. 523, (2003), pp. 21–29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0039-6028(02)02348-8[Crossref]
  • [29] I. Vargas-Baca, A.P. Brown, M.P. Andrews, T. Galstian, Y. Li, H. Vali and M.G. Kuzyk: “Linear and nonlinear optical responses of a dye anchored to gold nanoparticles dispersed in liquid and polymeric matrixes”, Can J. Chem., Vol. 80, (2002), pp. 1625–1633. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/v02-147[Crossref]
  • [30] F.W. Vance, B.I. Lemon and J.T. Hupp: “Enormous Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering from Nanocrystalline Gold Particle Suspensions”, J. Phys. Chem. B., Vol. 102, (1998), pp. 10091–10093. [Crossref]
  • [31] P. Galletto, P.F. Brevet, H.H. Girault, R. Antoine and M. Broyer: “Size dependence of the surface plasmon enhanced second harmonic response of gold colloids: towards a new calibration method”, Chem. Commun., (1999), pp. 581–582. [Crossref]
  • [32] K. Choudhary, T.K. Das, P.R. Rajmohanan, K. Lazar, S. Sivasanker and A.J. Chandwadkar: “Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Properties of Mesoporous Tin-Containing Analogs of MCM-41”, J. Catal., Vol. 163, (1999), pp. 281–291.
  • [33] C.T. Kresge, M.E. Leomowicz, W.J. Roth, J.C. Vartuli and J.S. Beck: “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism”, Nature, Vol. 359, (1992), pp. 710–712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/359710a0[Crossref]
  • [34] S. Kapoor: “Preparation, Characterization, and Surface Modification of Silver Particles”, Langmuir, Vol. 14, (1998), pp. 1021–1025. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la9705827[Crossref]
  • [35] S. Pethkar, M. Islam, I.S. Mulla, P. Ganeshan and K. Vijaymohanan: “Preparation and characterization of silver quantum dot superlattice using self-assembled monolayers of pentanedithiol”, J. Mater. Chem., Vol. 11, (2001), pp. 1710–1714. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b009372f[Crossref]
  • [36] W. Chen, W. Cai, L. Zhang, G. Wang and L. Zhang: “Sonochemical Processes and Formation of Gold Nanoparticles within Pores of Mesoporous Silica”, J. Colloid Surf. Sci., Vol. 238, (2001), pp. 291–295.
  • [37] V.M. Cepak and C.R. Marten: “Preparation and Stability of Template Synthesized metal nanorods Sols in Organic solvents”, J. Phys. Chem. B., Vol. 102, (1998), pp. 9985–9990. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp982882i[Crossref]
  • [38] M. Krak, M. Jaroniec, Y. Sakamoto, O. Terasaki, R. Ryoo and C.H. Ko: “Determination of Pore Size and Pore Wall Structure of MCM-41 by Using Nitrogen Adsorption, Transmission Electron Microscopy, and X-ray Diffraction”, J. Phys. Chem. B, Vol. 104, (2000), pp. 292–301. [Crossref]
  • [39] K. Murakoshi, H. Tanaka, Y. Sawai and Y. Nakato: “Photoinduced Structural Changes of Silver Nanoparticles on Glass Substrate in Solution under an Electric Field”, J. Phys. Chem. B, Vol. 106, (2002), pp. 3041–3045. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp012443a[Crossref]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.