Influence of Resistance Training on Blood Pressure in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and Menopause
Languages of publication
This study investigated the chronic and acute influence of resistance exercise on blood pressure in women with metabolic syndrome before and after climacteric. Twenty sedentary women, nine non-menopausal (RNM) and 11 menopausal (RM), performed training for 12 weeks. Meanwhile, 23 controls, 11 not menopausal (CNM) and 12 menopausal (CM), remained sedentary. Blood pressure was measured before and after the training period in conditions of rest and after a session of exercise. Training promoted variations in blood pressure at rest from 116±13 to 118±10 mmHg (p=0.73) and from 128±12 mmHg to 120±11mmHg (p=0.12) in RNM and RM, respectively. CNM and CM varied from 115±11 to 116±12 mmHg (p=0.9) and from 115±14 mmHg to 116±13 mmHg (p=0.74). Blood pressure values in one acute session did not differ between groups (p>0.05). Resistance training did not improve blood pressure in women with metabolic syndrome, regardless of climacteric.
1 - 12 - 2014
11 - 12 - 2014
- Regional University Cariri-URCA, Descentralized Unit Iguatu, Department of Physical Education
- Federal University of Paraiba, Department of Physical Education, Graduate Associate Program in Physical Education University of Pernambuco/Federal University of Paraiba, Laboratory Study of Physical Training Applied to Performance and Health, email@example.com
- Physical Education University of Pernambuco/Federal University of Paraiba; Laboratory Study of Physical Training Applied to Performance and Health Federal University of Paraiba, Center of Health Sciences - Campus I, Cidade Universitária, 58059-900 - Joao Pessoa, PB - Brazil; Phone / Fax: +5583-88754675 / +5583-32167030;
- Federal University of Paraiba, Department of Physical Education, Graduate Associate Program in Physical Education University of Pernambuco/Federal University of Paraiba, Laboratory Study of Physical Training Applied to Performance and Health.
- Federal University of Piaui.
- University Mauricio de Nassau, Department of Physical Education.
- University Mauricio de Nassau, Department of Physical Education.
- Departament of Sport, Trás-os-Montes de Alto Douro University, Vila Real, Portugal.
- Agil A, Abike F, Daskapan A, Alaca R, Tuzun H. Short-term exercise approaches on menopausal symptoms, psychological health, and quality of life in postmenopausal women.. Obstetrics and Gynecology International, 2010: 1-7
- American College of Sports Medicine. ACSM's Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1-380; 2010
- Block G, Hartman AM, Dresser CM, Carroll MD, Gannon J, Gardner L. A data-based approach to diet questionnaire design and testing. American Journal of Epidemiology, 1986; 124: 453-469[PubMed]
- Brandão Rondon MUP, Alves MJNN, Braga AMFW, Teixeira OTUN, Barretto ACP, Krieger EM, Negrão CE. Postexercise Blood Pressure Reduction in Elderly Hypertensive Patients. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 2002; 39: 676-683.[Crossref][PubMed]
- Brazilian Society of Cardiology Brazilian Society of Hypertension, Brazilian Society of Nephrology. VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension. Brazilian Journal of Hypertension, 2010; 17: 1-69
- Brazilian Society of Diabetes. Guideline for treatment and monitoring of Diabetes Mellitus. Guidelines Brazilian Society of Diabetes, 1-168; 2006
- Brazilian Society of Hypertension, the Brazilian Society of Cardiology Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Brazilian Diabetes Society, the Brazilian Society for the Study of Obesity. I Brazilian Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 2005; 84: 1-27
- Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL Jr, Jones DW, Materson BJ, Oparil S, Wright JT Jr, Roccella EJ. Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension, 2003; 42: 1206-1252[PubMed][Crossref]
- Cornelissen VA, Fagard RH. Effect of resistance training on resting blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Hypertens, 2005; 23: 251-259[Crossref][PubMed]
- Coylewright M, Reckelhoff JF, Ouyang P. Menopause and hypertension: an age-old debate. Hypertension, 2008; 51(4): 952-9[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
- Egana M, Reilly H, Green S. Effect of elastic-band-based resistance training on leg blood flow in elderly women. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 2010; 35: 763-772[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
- Figueroa A, Park SY, Seo DY, Sanchez-Gonzalez MA, Baek YH. Combined resistance and endurance exercise training improves arterial stiffness, blood pressure, and muscle strength in postmenopausal women. Menopause, 2011; 18: 980-984[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
- Gast GC, Pop VJ, Samsioe GN, Grobbee DE, Nilsson PM, Keyzer JJ, Wijnands-van Gent CJ, van der Schouw YT. Vasomotor menopausal symptoms are associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. Menopause, 2011; 18: 146-151[WoS]
- Gearhart RF Jr, Lagally KM, Riechman SE, Andrews RD, Robertson RJ. Strength tracking using the OMNI resistance exercise scale in older men and women. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 1011-1015[PubMed][Crossref]
- Grizzo CG, de Moraes FCL, Kanegusuku H, da Rocha CM, Riani CLA, Wolosker N, Kalil Filho R, de Fátima Nunes Marucci M, Mendes Ritti-Dias R. Effects of walking and strength training on resting and exercise cardiovascular responses in patients with intermittent claudication. Vasa, 2011; 40: 390-397[WoS][Crossref]
- Hagberg JM, Park JJ, Brown MD. The role of exercise training in the treatment of hypertension: an update. Sports Med, 2000; 30: 193-206[Crossref][PubMed]
- Harvey PJ, Morris BL, Kubo T, Picton PE, Su WS, Notarius CF, Floras JS. Hemodynamic after-effects of acute dynamic exercise in sedentary normotensive postmenopausal women. J Hypertens, 2005; 23: 285-292[PubMed][Crossref]
- Kenney MJ, Seals DR. Postexercise hypotension. Key features, mechanisms, and clinical significance.[PubMed]
- Kim HM, Park J, Ryu SY, Kim J. The effect of menopause on the metabolic syndrome among Korean women: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001. Diabetes Care, 2007; 30: 701-706[WoS]
- Laterza MC, Matos LDNJD, Trombetta IC, Braga AMW, Roveda F, Alves MJNN, Krieger EM, Negrão CE, Rondon MU. Exercise Training Restores Baroreflex Sensitivity in Never-Treated Hypertensive Patients. Hypertension, 2007; 49: 1298-1306[Crossref][PubMed]
- Laterza MC, Rondon MUPB, Negrão CE. The anti-hypertensive effect of exercise. Rev Bras Hipertens, 2007; 14: 104-111
- Mikkola TS, Clarkson TB. Estrogen replacement therapy, atherosclerosis, and vascular function. Cardiovasc Res, 2002; 53: 605-619[Crossref][PubMed]
- Moraes MR, Bacurau RF, Simoes HG, Campbell CS, Pudo MA, Wasinski F, Pesquero JB, Würtele M, Araujo RC. Effect of 12 weeks of resistance exercise on post-exercise hypotension in stage 1 hypertensive individuals. J Hum Hypertens, 2011; 26: 533-539[WoS]
- Mota MR, Pardono E, Lima LC, Arsa G, Bottaro M, Campbell CS, Simões HG. Effects of treadmill running and resistance exercises on lowering blood pressure during the daily work of hypertensive subjects. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 2331-2338[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
- Negrão CE, Rondon MUPB. Exercício físico, hipertensão e controle barorreflexo da pressão arterial. Rev Bras Hipertens, 2001; 8: 89-95
- Oneda B, Forjaz CL, Bernardo FR, Araujo TG, Gusmao JL, Labes E, Abrahão SB, Mion D Jr, Fonseca AM, Tinucci T. Low-dose estrogen therapy does not change postexercise hypotension, sympathetic nerve activity reduction, and vasodilation in healthy postmenopausal women. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 2008; 295: H1802-1808[WoS]
- Rodriguez D, Silva V, Prestes J, Rica RL, Serra AJ, Bocalini DS, Pontes FL Jr. Hypotensive response after water-walking and land-walking exercise sessions in healthy trained and untrained women. Int J Gen Med, 2011; 4: 549-554[PubMed]
- Santos RD, Pereira A, Duncan BB, Polanczyk CA, Moriguchi EH, Rosito GBA. III Diretrizes Brasileiras sobre Dislipidemias e Diretriz de Prevenção da Aterosclerose do Departamento de Aterosclerose da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 2001; 77: 48
- Veloso J, Polito MD, Riera T, Celes R, Vidal JC, Bottaro M. Effects of rest interval between exercise sets on blood pressure after resistance exercises. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 2010; 94: 512-518[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
- Zanesco A, Antunes E. Effects of exercise training on the cardiovascular system: pharmacological approaches. Pharmacol Ther, 2007; 114: 307-317 [Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
Publication order reference