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2014 | 21 | 1 | 89-99
Article title

Phosphate recovery from animal manure wastewater by struvite crystallization and CO2 degasification reactor

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The problem of phosphorus discharge is related to environmental protection and food security. Struvite crystallization is a useful technology for phosphate recovery from wastewater. In the research, struvite crystallization process with CO2 degasification continuous U-shape reactor (CUSR) was application for phosphate recovery from animal manure wastewater. The result indicated PO43--P recovery ratio could achieve 47-53% without magnesium addition when CUSR hydraulic retention time controlled at 60 min. With extra magnesium addition, PO43--P recovery ratio could significant achieve 80-86% at magnesium addition amount 57.5 mg/dm3. PHREEQC modeling predictions trend of struvite crystallization was close to CUSR experimental results. The modeling calculation can provide a theoretical guide for operational parameters design. For seeding technology, high phosphate recovery efficiency was obtained and preformed struvite was the most effective seeding material. Surface characterization analysis demonstrated the dominant composition of chemical solids was struvite. Water extraction analysis indicated chemical solids recovery from animal manure wastewater could release PO43--P slowly and be available as slow-release fertilizer.
Problem uwalniania fosforu jest związany z ochroną środowiska i bezpieczeństwem żywności. Krystalizacja struwitu jest przydatną technologią odzysku fosforanów ze ścieków. W opisanych badaniach proces krystalizacji struwitu zastosowano do odzyskiwania fosforanów z gnojowicy, do tego celu wykorzystano reaktor ciągłego odgazowywania CO2 w kształcie litery U (CUSR). Wyniki wskazują, że wskaźnik odzysku PO43- może osiągnąć 47-53% P bez dodatku magnezu, gdy kontrolowany, hydrauliczny czas retencji CUSR wynosi 60 min. Po wprowadzeniu magnezu w ilości 57,5 mg/dm3 wskaźnik odzysku PO43- może osiągnąć 80-86% P. Przewidywania modelu PHREEQC dotyczące krystalizacji struwitu był bliskie wynikom doświadczalnym CUSR. Obliczenia teoretyczne z wykorzystaniem modelu mogą stanowić wskazówkę do ustalania rzeczywistych parametrów eksploatacyjnych. Struwit otrzymany z gnojowicy może mieć zastosowanie w nasiennictwie. Analiza ekstrakcyjna wykazała, że materiał ten może powoli uwalniać PO43-P i dzięki temu znajduje zastosowanie jako nawóz.
Physical description
1 - 3 - 2014
9 - 4 - 2014
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