An analytical approach to the electron transport phenomena in molecular devices is presented. The analyzed devices are composed of various molecular bridges attached to two semi-infinite electrodes. Molecular system is described within the tight-binding model, while the coupling to the electrodes is analyzed through the use of Newns-Anderson chemisorption theory. The current-voltage (I-V) characteristics are calculated through the integration of transmission function in the standard Landauer formulation. The essential question of quantum interference effect of electron waves is diseussed in three aspects: (i) the geometry of a molecular bridge, (ii) the presence of an external magnetic field and (iii) the location of chemical substituent.