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2014 | 1 | 1 |

Article title

Renewable chitin from marine sponge as
a thermostable biological template for
hydrothermal synthesis of hematite nanospheres
using principles of extreme biomimetics


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Chitin originating from marine sponges possesses
a unique nanofibrillar network structure that is the basic
element of the microtubular scaffold-like skeleton of
these organisms. Sponge chitin represents an intriguing
example of thermostability, as it is stable up to 400 °C. It
also constitutes a renewable biological source due to the
high regeneration ability of Aplysina sponges under marine
farming conditions. These properties can be exploited for
the facile and environmentally friendly creation of novel,
biocompatible organic-inorganic hybrid materials with a range of uses. Here, chitin-based scaffolds isolated from
the skeleton of marine demosponge Aplysina aerophoba
were used as a template for the in vitro formation of iron
oxide from a saturated iron(III) chloride solution, under
hydrothermal conditions (pH~1.5, 90 °C). The resultant
chitin-Fe2O3 three dimensional composites, prepared
for the first time via hydrothermal synthesis route, were
thoroughly characterized using light, fluorescence and
scanning electron microscopy; as well as with analytical
methods like Raman spectroscopy, electron diffraction and
HR-TEM. The results show that this versatile method allows
for efficient chitin mineralization with respect to hematite.
Additionally, we demonstrate that chitin nanofibers
template the nucleation of uniform Fe2O3 nanocrystals.







Physical description


17 - 12 - 2014
22 - 10 - 2014
6 - 2 - 2015


  • Institute of Chemical Technology
    and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan
    University of Technology, Berdychowo 4 , 60965 Poznań, Poland
  • Institute of Experimental
    Physics, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger 23, 09599 Freiberg,
  • Institute of Materials Science, TU Bergakademie
    Freiberg, Gustav-Zeuner-Str. 5, 09599 Freiberg Germany
  • Institut für Halbleiter- und Mikrosystemtechnik,
    Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden
  • Institute of Experimental
    Physics, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger 23, 09599 Freiberg,
  • Clinical Sensoring and Monitoring, Anesthesiology
    and Intensive Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus,
    TU Dresden, Fetscher str. 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany
  • Center for Materials Genomics, Department of
    Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Duke University,
    27708 Durham, NC, USA
  • Institute of Marine Biology, University of Montenegro,
    85330 Kotor, Montenegro
  • Institute of Chemical Technology
    and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan
    University of Technology, Berdychowo 4 , 60965 Poznań, Poland
  • National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine,
    Department of Materal Sciene the Name U.N. Taran-Zhovnir, Gagarina
    avenue 4, 49600Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
  • Department of Commodity and Material Sciences
    and Textile Metrology, Technical University of Lódź, Żeromskiego
    116, 90924 Lódź, Poland
  • Institute of Chemical Technology
    and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan
    University of Technology, Berdychowo 4 , 60965 Poznań, Poland


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