Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 37 | 179-201
Article title

The monoterpene compounds for juvenile hormone activity through changes in pattern of chitin deposition in the integument of fifth instar larvae of silkworm, Bombyx mori (L) (PM x CSR2)

Title variants
Languages of publication
The insects are a class of invertebrates within the arthropod phylum that have a chitinous exoskeleton. The leaf eating insects obtain their nutrients and growth promoting biocompounds from the variable or specific flora available for them. The plants on earth are the richest source of metabolites including juvenile hormone analogues for leaf eating insects like silkworm, Bombyx mori (L). Some of plant origin metabolites are acting as insects juvenoids for insect lives. They serve to take pause in the progression of metamorphosis through arresting some of the biochemical reactions including chitin synthesis or accelerating progression through other biochemical pathways in the larval body of insects. The ten microliters of various concentrations of acetone solution of Fernasol Methyl Ether (FME) and each selected monoterpene compounds (Myrcene; Camphene; Cymene; Limonene and Eucalyptol ) were used for topical application to individual larval instars of silkworm, Bombyx mori (L) (Race: PM x CSR2) at 48 hours after the fourth moult. The integument chitin of untreated control larvae; acetone treated control; FME treated larvae and monoterpene treated larvae was estimated at 120 hours after the fourth moult. Topical application of selected concentrations of acetone solutions of selected monoterpenes to fifth instar larvae of silkworm, Bombyx mori (L) (Race: PM x CSR2) was found reflected into the reduction in the deposition of chitin in the larval body wall. The reduction in body wall chitin was found ranging from zero to hundred percent. The plot of concentrations of acetone solutions of FME and monoterepene compounds and percent reduction in the body wall chitin was found exhibiting a characteristic Sigmoid form of displacement, which herewith titled as “Punyamayee Baramati Dose Response Curve”. Since the effects of juvenoids involve the inhibition of metamorphosis through reduction in chitin deposition, it is possible to express the concentration (dose) applied in terms of ID50 value. The ID50 value of juvenoid contents of FME and selected monoterpene compounds can be defined as the specific unit (microgram), which enable to chitin to deposit fifty percent less in the body wall of larvae (In comparison with untreated control). Accordingly, the ID50 value calculated from the “Punyamayee Baramati Dose Response Curves” for FME was found measured 0.08 mg/ml. The ID50 values for monoterpene compounds: Myrcene; Camphene; Cymene; Limonene and Eucalyptol were found measured: 0.116; 0.122; 0.164; 0.172 and 0.208 mg/ml respectively. Acetone soluble juvenoid content of terpene compounds may be utilized efficiently for the fortified development of fifth instars of silkworm, Bombyx mori (L) and thereby, the cocoon quality. Sigmoid (S-form) “Baramati Dose Response Curve” may help for quantitative estimation of juvenoid contents of various terpene compounds and terpenoids.
Physical description
  • Department of Zoology, Tuljaram Chaturchand College, Baramati – 413102, (M.S), India,
  • Department of Zoology, Shardabai Pawar Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Shardanagar; Tal. Baramati Dist. Pune – 413115, India,
  • [1] Ajami, A. M. and Riddiford, L. M. (1973). Comparative metabolism of the cecropia juvenile hormone. J. Insect Physiol. 19: 635-646.
  • [2] Baishya, R. L. and Hazarika, L. R. (1996). Effect of methoprene and diflubenzuron on water, lipid, protein and chitin of Dicladispa armigera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomon, 21 91(1): 7-11.
  • [3] Calvez, B., Hirn, M. and Reggi, M. (1976). Progress of development programme during the last larval instar of Bombyx mori (L). Relationship with food intake, ecdyosteroids and juvenile hormone. Journal of Insect Physiology, 24(4): 233-239.
  • [4] Gopakumar B., Ambika, B. and Prabhu, V. K. K. (1977). Juvenmimetic activity in some south Indian plants and their probable cause of this activity in Morus alba (L). Entomon, 2: 259-261.
  • [5] Grenier and Grenier (1983). Fenoxycarb, a fairlynew growth regulator: a review of its effects on insects. Ann. App. Biol. 122: 369-403.
  • [6] Jadhav G. and Kallapur V. L. (1989). Contribution of tissue protein to the cocoon shell in the fifth instar silk worm, Bombyx mori (L).
  • [7] Kamimura M. and Kiguchi M. (1980). Effect of juvenile hormone analogue on fifth stadium larvae of silk worm, Bombyx mori (L) (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 33(2): 333-338.
  • [8] Khyade, V. B., Patil, S. B., Khyade, S. V. and Bhawane G. P. (2002). Influence of acetone maceratives of Vitis vinifera on the larval parameters of silk worm, Bombyx mori (L). Indian Journal of Comparative Animal Physiology, 20: 14-18.
  • [9] Khyade V. B., Patil, S. B., Khyade, S. V. and Bhawane, G. P. (2003). Influence of acetone maceratives of Vitis vinifera on the economic parameters of silk worm, Bombyx mori (L). Indian Journal of Comparative Animal Physiology. 21: 28-32.
  • [10] Khyade V. B. (2004). Influence of juvenoids on silk worm, Bombyx mori (L). Ph.D. Thesis, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, India.
  • [11] Khyade, V. B. and Ganga V. Mhamane (2005). Vividh Vanaspati Arkancha Tuti Reshim Kitak Sangopanasathi Upyojana. Krishi Vdnyan. 4, 18-22.
  • [12] Khyade, V. B.; Poonam B. Patil; M. Jaybhay; Rasika R. Gaikwad; Ghantaloo, U. S.; Vandana D. Shinde; Kavita H. Nimbalkar and Sarwade, J. P. (2007). Use of digoxin for improvement of economic parameters in silk worm, Bombyx mori (L). Bioinfrmatics (Zoological Society of India).
  • [13] Krishnaswami, S., Narasimhana, M. N., Suryanarayana, S. K. and Kumaraj, S. (1978). Sericulture Manual – ll: Silk worm Rearing. F A O , United Nation’s Rome: 131.
  • [14] Mamatha, D. N., Nagalakshmma, K. and Rajeshwara Rao, M. (1999). Impact of selected Juvenile Hormone Mimics on the organic constituents of silk worm, Bombyx mori (L).
  • [15] Norman, T. J. and Baily (1955). Statistical Methods.
  • [16] Omana Joy and Shyamala, M. B. (1983). Non-spinning syndrome in silk worm: Occurrence and Pathology. Research paper presented for National Seminar on silk research and development, Banglore, India.
  • [17] Prabhu, V. K. K., John, M. and Ambika, B. (1973). Juvenile hormone activity in some south Indian plants. Current Science, 42: 72-726.
  • [18] Ratnasen (1988). How does juvenile hormone cause more silk yield. Indian Silk: 21-22.
  • [19] Riddiford, L. M. (1985). Hormone action at cellular level. In: Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology. G. A. Kerkut and L. I. Gilbert (Eds.). 8: 37-64. (Pergamon press, Oxford).
  • [20] Riddiford, L. M. (1994). Cellular and molecular actions of Juvenile hormone: General consideration and premetamorphic actions. J. Adv. Insect Physiology. 24: 213-214.
  • [21] Sehnal F. and Rambold, H. (1985). Brain stimulation and juvenile hormone production in insect larvae. Experentia. 44: 684-685.
  • [22] Slama, K. (1969). Plant as source material with insect hormone activity. Ent. Exp. Appl. 12: 721-728.
  • [23] Slama, K. (1971). Insect juvenile hormone analogues. Ann. Rev. Biochem. 40: 1079-1102.
  • [24] Slama, K., Romanuk, M. and Sorm, F. (1974). Insect hormones and Bioanalogues. Springer Verlag, Wein and New York.
  • [25] Slama, K. (1985). Pharmacology of Insect Juvenile Hormones. In: Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology. (Eds. G. A. Kerkut and L. I. Gilbert). Vol. 11: 357-394. Pergamon Press, Oxford, New York.
  • [26] Slama, K. (1979). Insect Hormones and anti-hormones in plants. Herbivores, their interaction with secondary plant metabolites. (Eds. G. A . Rosenthal and D. H. Janzen; Academic Press, New York ): 683-700.
  • [27] Williams, C. M. (1956). The Juvenile Hormone of Insects. Nature. 178: 212-213.
  • [28] Zaoral, M. and Slama, K. (1970). Peptides with juvenile hormone activity. Science. 170: 92-93.
  • [29] Jagtap, Sharad G. (2007). Effect of plant juvenoids on consumption and utilization of mulberry leaves by silkworm, Bombyx mori (L). M. Phil. Dissertation, Alagappa University, Karaikudi - 630003 (India ).
  • [30] Vitthalrao B. Khyade and Karel Slama (2015). Screening of acetone solution of FME and Selected Monoterpene Compounds for Juvenile Hormone Activity Through Changes in pattern of Chitin Deposition in the Integument of Fifth instar larvae of silkworm, Bombyx mori (L) (PM x CSR2). IJBRITISH, 2(3) (2015) 68-90.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.