PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 16 | 73-83
Article title

Growth and boichemical contents of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) on the application of zinc

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The present investigation deals with the effect of zinc on the morphological and biochemical parameters of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L) under laboratory condition. The Cowpea plants are grown in petriplates lined with filter paper treated with various concentrations (control, 10, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150 and 200 ppm) of zinc. The experiments were replicated five times. The various morphological parameters such as germination percentage, shoot length, root length, root nodules, total leaf area, fresh weight and dry weight of the plants were measured. Similarly the biochemical contents such as chlorophyll, carotenoid, protein and Sugar was analyzed. The results indicated that the various morphological and biochemical parameters increased up to 50 ppm and decreased at high levels of zinc.
Publisher

Year
Volume
16
Pages
73-83
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Botany, A.V.C. College (Autonomous), Mannampandal, Mayiladuthurai, India, drksbotany@gmail.com
author
  • Department of Botany, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, India
References
  • [1] Arnon, D.I., 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol., 24: 1-15.
  • [2] Asad A, Rafique R, 2000. Effect of Zinc, Copper, Iron, Manganese and Boron on the yield and yield components of wheat crop in Tehsil Peshawar. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci., 3 (10): 1815-1820.
  • [3] Asad A, Rafique R, 2002. Identification of micronutrient deficiency of wheat in the Peshawar valley, Pakistan. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 33 (3/4): 349-364.
  • [4] Balashouri and Prameeladevi, 1995. Effectof zinc on germination, growth, pigment content and phytomass of Vigna radiata and Sorghum bicolor. J .Ecobiol., 7(2): 109-144.
  • [5] Bonnet, D., O. Camares and P. Veisseire,2000. Effects of zinc and influence of Acremonium lolii on growth parameters, chlorophyll a fluorescence and antioxidant enzyme activities of rye grass (Lolium perenne L. cv. Apollo). J. Exp. Bot., 51: 945-953.
  • [6] Bora PC, Hazarika V, 1997. (Brassica campestrissub sp. oleifera var. toria). Indian J. Agron., 42: 361-364.
  • [7] Cakmak, I., 2008. Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: Agronomic or genetic biofortification? Plant Soil, 302: 1-17.
  • [8] Chen Y, Aviad T, 1990. Use of humic acid for crop production. J. Am Soc. of Agronomy, 12 (3): 86-90.
  • [9] Foy, C.D., 1988. Plant adaptation to acid, aluminum soils. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 19: 959-987.
  • [10] Irshad, A., S. Ali and M.R. Jan, 1997. Physicochemical studies of industrial pollutants. Proceedings of the NSMTCC on environmental pollution, Feb. 24 -26, Islamabad, Pakistan, pp. 1-96.
  • [11] Jetly V. and Srivastava, A.K. (1995). Monitoring of chromium phytotoxicity in some crops; Effect of seed germination and seedling growth, Acta Botanica Indica, 23: 273-279.
  • [12] Kalra, G.S. and S.D. Dhiman, 1977. Determination of leaf area of wheat plants by a rapid methods. J. Indian Bot. Soc., 56: 261-264.
  • [13] Kirk, J.T.O. and R.L. Allen, 1965. Dependence of chloroplast pigments synthesis on protein synthetic effects of acitilione. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 27: 523-530.
  • [14] Kutuk C, Gökhan C, Abdullah B, Başkan O, 2000. Effect of Humic Acid on some soil properties. Bildiri Özetleri, Soil Science Department, Agricultural Faculty, Ankara University, 06110 - Ankara Turkey.
  • [15] Lalitha, K., Balasubramanian,N andKalavathi.K(1999) Studies on impact on chromium on Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp. Var. (long). J. Swamy Bot. CL, 16, 17-20.
  • [16] Lowry, O.H., N.J. Rosenbrough, A.L. Farr and R.J. Randall, 1951. Protein measurement with folin-phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem., 193: 265-275.
  • [17] Mandal, Sinha AC, 2004. Nutrient Management Effects on Light Interception, Photosynthesis, Growth, Dry-matter Production and Yield of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea). J. Agronomy and Crop Sci., 55 (4): 287-291.
  • [18] Maqsood MA, Rahmatullah S, Kanwal T, Aziz, Ashraf M, 2009. Evaluation of Zn distribution among grain and straw of twelve indigenous wheat, Triticum aestivum L. genotypes. Pak. J. Bot., 41 (1): 225-231.
  • [19] Marschner, H. (1995). Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, Academic Press, New York, NY.
  • [20] Moeller, D.W., 2004. Liquid waste: Environmental health. 3rd Edn., Harvard University press, Combridge, MA., ISBN – 10: 0-674-01 494-4, pp. 192-214.
  • [21] Moniruzzaman M, Mozumder SN, Islam MR, 2008. Effects of Sulfur, Boron, Zinc and Molybdenum on Yield and Profitability of Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. Var. italica). J Agric Rural Dev., 6 (1&2): 55-61.
  • [22] Moustakas, M., T. Lanaras, L. Symeonidis and S. Karataglis, 1994. Growth and some photosyntheticcharacteristics of field grown Avena sativa. Under copper and lead stress. Photosynthetica, 30(3): 389-396.
  • [23] Nagajyoti, P.C., N. Dinakar, K.V. Prasad, C.Suresh and T. Damodharan, 2008. Heavy metal toxicity: Industrial effluent effect on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seedlings. J. Appl. Sci. Res., 4(1): 110-121.
  • [24] Nelson, N., 1944. A photometric adaptation of the Somogyis method for the determination of reducing sugar. Anal. Chem., 3: 426-428.
  • [25] Sharma, D.C. and C.P. Sharma, 1993. Chromium uptake and its effects on growth and biological yieldof wheat. Cereal Research Commun., 21(4): 317-322.
  • [26] Sharma, R.K. and Agarwal, M (2005). Biological effects of heavy metals: An overview. J. Environ. Biol, 26(2): 301-313.
  • [27] Sharma, S., P. Sharma, S.P. Datta and V. Gupta, 2009. Morphological and biochemical response of Cicer arietinum (pusa-256) towards an excess zinc concentration. Afric. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 1: 105-109.
  • [28] Shrestha, M.K. and B. Niroula, 2003. Germination behavior of pea seeds on municipality sewage and some industrial effluents of Biratnagar. Our Nat., 1: 33-36.
  • [29] Torun A, Gültekin I, Kalayci M, Yilmaz A, Eker S, 2001. Effects of zinc fertilization on grain yield and shoot concentrations of zinc, boron, and phosphorus of 25 wheat cultivars grown on a zinc-deficient and boron-toxic soil. Journal of plant nutrition, 24 (11): 1817-1829.
  • [30] Umebese, C.E. and A.F. Motajo, 2008. Accumulation, tolerance and impact of aluminium, copper and zinc on growth and nitrate reductase activity of Ceratophyllum demersum (Horn Wort, J. Environ. Biol., 29(2): 197-200.
  • [31] Vijayarengan, P., 2012. Growth and biochemical variations in radish under zinc applications. Intern. J. Res. Plant Science, 2(3): 43-49.
  • [32] Vijayarengan.P and G.Mahalakshmi,2013.Zinc Toxicity in Tomato Plants, World Applied Sciences Journal, 24 (5): 649-653.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-fe28d973-7509-4cb0-9b84-ae5c7830b616
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.