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2018 | 19 | 128-134
Article title

Performance evaluation of potato varieties under aeroponics conditions in Rwanda

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Abstracts
EN
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an important food and cash crop in Rwanda. The objective of this study was to identify suitable potato varieties for growing under aeroponics production systems. Four commercial potato varieties - Kirundo, CIP 393371-58, Kinigi and Kigega - were evaluated in an aeroponics green house at Rwanda Agriculture Board RAB-Musanze station, from January to May 2016. The study consisted of 30 plantlets per m2. The experimental design was a split plot design with four replications. In an enclosed environment, the supply of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), and other nutrients to plants were done by use of a mist nebulizer. The results showed there was an increased vegetative cycle in CIP 393371-58 (with 8.2 cm plant height and 3.3 nodes) followed by Kirundo (1 cm plant height and 1.5 nodes ), Kinigi (27.1 cm plant height and 6.2 nodes) and Kigega (56.4 cm height and 19.3 nodes), respectively. The maturity period of CIP 393371-58 was 70 days. This was earlier than Kinigi (77 days), Kirundo (112 days) and Kigega (156 days), respectively. The mini-tuber per plant production was also higher in CIP 393371-58 (41), followed by Kinigi (36), Kirundo (28) and Kigega (7), respectively. The data showed that the CIP 393371-58 variety was better adapted to an aeroponics environment than were Kinigi, Kirundo, and Kigega, respectively.
Keywords
Year
Volume
19
Pages
128-134
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei, P.R. China
  • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei, P.R. China
  • Department of Biology, College of Science and Technology, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Department of Biology, College of Science and Technology, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Department of Biology, College of Science and Technology, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
References
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  • [2] S. Habimana, M. F. Karanyoye, F. Munyensanga, A. Nsanzumuhire, The influence of time and methods of application of D.I grow on growth and yield on irish potato under Busogo conditions in Rwanda. Merit Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Sciences Vol. 3(1) (2015) pp. 009-017.
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  • [4] CIP, 2010. Aeroponics: Newco produces seed potatoes in the open air. Spain, November 11, 2010. Available from: http://www.potatopro.com. Accessed on 15th march, 2016.
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  • [8] J.R. Mateus-Rodriguez, S. de Haan, J.L. Andrade-Piedra, L. Maldonado, G. Hareau, I. Barker, C. Chuquillanqui, V. Otazú, R. Frisancho, C. Bastos, A.S. Pereira, C.A. Medeiros, F. Montesdeoca, J. Benítez, Technical and economic analysis of aeroponics and other systems for potato mini-tuber production in Latin America. American Journal of Potato Research, 90 (2013) 357–368
  • [9] E. Ritter, B. Angulo, P. Riga, C. Herran, J. Relloso, M. San Jose, Comparison of hydroponics and aeroponics cultivation systems for the production of potato minitubers. Potato Res. 44 (2001) 127-135.
Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-fda1f090-5fec-4609-9886-7a6e2655453d
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