Physico-Chemical Analysis of Soil during Summer Season in Lentic Fresh Water Ecosystem: Nakki Lake-Mount Abu (Rajasthan), India
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The objective of the research is to identify the status of physico-chemical parameters of the soil in the surrounding area of Nakki-Lake, Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India. Soil parameter plays a major role in determining the planktonic and plant biodiversity, which determines the portability of water and their inter-relationship among zooplanktons and other animals; balances the environmental equilibrium in a lake-ecosystem. The physico-chemical parameters were studied and the result confirms that the soil in the surrounding area of Nakki-Lake can be classified as moderately alkaline soil with (pH 7.11), Average Sand Content (75.12%), Silt Content (11.23%), Clay Content (6.25%), Organic Matter (3.36%), Permeability (27.66 mm/hr), Air Filled Porosity (14.33%) and other parameters showed low mean values including Nitrogen (0.23 mg/L), Phosphorus (52.33 mg/L), Potassium (732.67 mg/L), Magnesium (153.67 mg/L), Chloride (4108.33 mg/L), Sulphur (244.33 mg/L). The soil samples showed an average of Bulk Density (1453 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (2.62), Fusion Point (1245.67 °C), Total Combustible (0.22%), Exchangeable Sodium (0.91%), Calcium Carbonate (1.48%), Effective Temperature of Destruction (971.33 °C), Electrical Conductivity - CaSO4 Extract (2447 μS/cm) while average nitrate and sulphate levels were 31.19 mg/l and 123.73 mg/l respectively. Based on the result of the quality parameters of the soil analysis, the nature of the soil in Nakki Lake and the surrounding area is alkaline.
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