Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 69 | 168-178
Article title

The Impact of Gas Flaring from the Kaduna Refinery and Petrochemical Industry (KRPC) on Plant Diversity in Kaduna Northern Guinea Savanna Eco-Region of Nigeria

Title variants
Languages of publication
50m x 50m plots were laid in each of the two (2) sites, replicated three (3) times to make a total of six (6) plots in all. The plants in all the sites were grouped into four (4) growth forms (trees, shrubs, herbs and grasses) which are evaluated using line transect method. The data were analyzed using student ‘t’ test and biodiversity index was calculated using Shannon Weiner method. The result showed that the population density and biodiversity index of the plant composition in the control site are more than that of the flare site from all the growth forms assessed due to combustion of fossil fuel and the heat generated from the flaring site. The mean of the plant species at the flare site is 663.00 and the control site is 1495.00. The standard deviation for the flare site is 4.32 and that of the control site is 2.51. The paired sample ‘t’ test correlation coefficient showed that there is strongly positive correlation efficient of 0.86 between plant diversity at the flare site and those at the control site. However, from the above analysis, it is concluded that there is statistically significant difference between plant species in the flare site and the control site (p<0.05) due to gas flaring that kills and suppress the growth of plants in the flare site. It is recommended that gas should be harnessed for use as liquefied natural gas. Government and NGOs should embark on an aggressive afforestation programme. Government should also enforce law against flaring, major industrial polluters and monitor their compliance with laid down standard.
Physical description
  • Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka – Kaduna, Nigeria
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • [1] M. A. Abua, and S. W. Ashua. Impact of Gas Flaring on Plant Diversity in Ibeno Local Government Area. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International 4(1) (2015) 10-17.
  • [2] T. A. Adole. Geographic Information System (GIS) based Assessment of the Impact of Gas Flaring on Vegetation Cover in Delta State, Nigeria. MSc. Thesis, Environmental Sciences. University of East Anglia, Norwich 2011, Pp. 53.
  • [3] S. P Bako, J. E, Odiwo, A. U. Ezealor. Plant diversity in relation to anthropogenic trace metals in soils of selected sites in Nigeria’s Savanna. International Journal of Environment and Pollution: Special issue on Biogeochemistry of toxic trace metals in water, soil and plant 332(3) (2008) 185-194.
  • [4] B. Daniel, G. Francois and L. Prierre. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 3 (1996) 143-166.
  • [5] Friends of the Earth. Gas Flaring in Nigeria: A Human Rights, Environmental and Economic Monstrosity. Climate Justice Programme and Environmental Right Action / Friends of the Earth, Nigeria (2010).
  • [6] H. C. Mba. Mineral Resources Exploitation in Nigeria. The Need for Effective Physical and Environmental Planning In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners, Jos (1995). Pp. 26-35.
  • [7] A. L. Ndubuisi. and I. O. Asia. Environmental Pollution in Oil Producing Areas of the Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria: Empirical Assessment Trends and Peoples Perception. Environmental Research Journal 1 (1-4) (2007) 18-26.
  • [8] NPC. National Population Commission (NPC) News bulletin, Kaduna State, (2006) Pp. 13.
  • [9] Raji and T. S. Abejide. An Assessment of Environmental Problems Associated with Pollution and Gas Flaring in Niger Delta Region, Nigeria. Arabian Journal of Business and Management (2013) Pp. 1960-2000
  • [10] E. C. Ubani and I. M. Onyejekwe. Impact Analysis of Gas Flaring in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 4(2) (2013) 246-252.
  • [11] UNDP. Gas Flaring in Nigeria Report, 2005. Pp. 15.
  • [12] M. K. Ukoli. Environmental Factors in the Management of the Oil and Gas Industry in Nigeria (2005). (accessed 11/11/2016).
  • [13] A. C. Uzoma and O. O. Mgbemena. Evaluation of some oil companies in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. An environmental Impact Approach. International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research Vol. 3, No 2 (2015) 13-31.
  • [14] R. R. Colwell and J.D. Walker. “Ecological aspects of Microbial Degradation of Petroleum in the Marine Environment” CRC Critical Review in Microbiology 5(4) (1977) 423-445.
  • [15] A. E. Ite and U. J. Ibok. Gas Flaring and Venting Associated with Petroleum Exploration and Production in the Nigeria’s Niger Delta. American Journal of Environmental Protection 1(4) (2013) 70-77.
  • [16] World Bank. Gas Flaring Reduction Avoid 30 million tons of Carbon Dioxide Emission in World Bank Press Release Bulletin, Washington (2011) Pp. 24.
  • [17] R. T. Anderson and D. R. Lovely. Ecology and Biogeochemistry of in-situ ground water bio-remediation. Advances in Microbial Ecology 15 (1997) 289-350.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.