Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2021 | 154 | 48-65
Article title

The Influence of Tidal on the Nesting Activity of Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758)) at Pangumbahan Beach, Sukabumi Regency, West Java, Indonesia

Title variants
Languages of publication
Green turtles (Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758)) take advantage of the sand beach area as a stopover and carry out biological activities such as nesting and laying eggs. Pangumbahan Beach is one of the green turtle conservation places which is directly adjacent to the Indian Ocean. Tides affect physical processes such as the flushing of seawater on to the coast due to waves and flushing of water masses in estuaries, lagoons, and bays. This research aims to determine the effect of tides on the Green Turtle's nesting activity (Chelonia mydas). This research was conducted in July-September 2020, using observation and survey methods, and was analyzed descriptively. The data used include beach width, beach slope, tidal data, and landing data for Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas). A type of beach with a slope of 1.77° - 5.77° with an overall average of 3.4°, the Formzahl number value obtained at tide is 0.55, indicating the mixed type tidal type tends to double daily (Mixed, predominantly semi-diurnal tide). The results of this study indicate that the landing times and the formation of green turtle nests (Chelonia mydas) do not correlate with rising tides. The average effect of tides on green turtle egg-nesting activity (Chelonia mydas) was 0.111%, while the tidal effect on green turtle nesting activity (Chelonia mydas) was 4.09%. The highest frequency of Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) nesting activity occurred between 22:00 and 02:00.
Physical description
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, University Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363, West Java, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, University Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363, West Java, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, University Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363, West Java, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, University Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363, West Java, Indonesia
  • [1] Mangunjaya F. Saving Indonesian Turtles. Harvest season. Indonesian Tropical Journal 12 (2): 8-12, 2008
  • [2] Santos, A.S.; Almeida, A.P.; Santos, A.J.B.; Gallo, B.; Giffoni, B.; Baptistotte, C.; Coelho, E.; Lima, E.H.S.M.; Sales, G.; Lopez, G.G.; Stahelin, G.; Becker, H.; Castilhos, J.C.; Thomé, J.C.A.; Wanderlinde, J.; Marcovaldi, M.A.A.G.; Mendilaharsu, M.M.L.; Damasceno, M.T.; Barata, P.C.R.; Sforza, R. National Action Plan for the Conservation of Sea Turtles. Brasília: Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation, Icbio, 120 pp., 2011.
  • [3] Mustaqim A.R. Abrasion impact towards green turtle Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758) nesting areas in Sindangkerta, Tasikmalaya Regency, West Java Indonesia. World Scientific News 147, 124-139, 2020
  • [4] Whitten, Tony, Roehayat Emon Soeriaatmadja, Suraya A. Afiff, Agus Widyantoro, Sri Nurani Kartikasari and Tyas Budi Utami. Indonesian Ecology Series Volume II: Java and Bali Ecology. Prenhallindo. Jakarta. 969 pp. 1999.
  • [5] Zaenal, M. Ali. Green Turtle Conservation in the Cipatujah Area. Geomatics Scientific Journal 53-68 pp. 12 (2), 2006
  • [6] Witherington, Blair E. & Martin, R. Erik. Understanding, Assessing, and Resolving Light-Pollution Problems on Sea Turtle Nesting Beaches. St. Petersburg, FL, Florida Marine Research Institute, Technical Report, TR-2, 3, 9-10, 2003.
  • [7] Shadrin, N.V. Coupling of Shoreline Erosion and Biodiversity Loss: Examples from the Black Sea. International Journal of Marine Science 3 (43), 352-360, 2013
  • [8] Putra, B.A., Edi, W.K., & Sri, R. Study of Biophysical Characteristics of Habitat for Laying Green Sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas) on Paloh Beach, Sambas, West Kalimantan. Journal of Marine Research, 3, 173–181, 2013
  • [9] Purba N.P., Apriliani I.M., Dewanti L.P., Herawati H., & Faizal, I. Distribution of macro debris at Pangandaran Beach, Indonesia. World Scientific News 103 (7), 144-156, 2018
  • [10] Wyrtki, K. Physical Oceanography of the Southeast Asian Waters. The University of California, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla California, NAGA Report, 2, 17-27, 1961.
  • [11] Bara. Study of Laying Habitat Green Turtle (Chelonia Mydas) in Pangumbahan Beach, Sukabumi, West Java. Journal of Marine Research 2 (3), 147-155, 2013
  • [12] Widyantoro, BT. Tidal Characteristics in Indonesia. Geomatics Scientific Journal, 20 (1), 65-72, 2014
  • [13] Davidson R. & Arnott. Introduction to Coastal Processes and Geomorphology. Cambridge University Press. The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK, 442 pp., 2010.
  • [14] Kramadibrata S. Wave Transformation for International Hub Port Planning, Marine Science Journal Maret 2015, 20 (1), 9-22
  • [15] Achmad Rizal. Implementation of Tourism Development Policies in Garut District, West Java Province, Indonesia. The Institute of Biopaleogeography named under Charles R. Darwin 5 (2021) 1-40. eBook ISBN 978-83-949342-4-8
  • [16] Wismadi, T. & Handayani, S. Tidal Characteristics in Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Geomatics Scientific Journal 20 (1): 73-78, 2014.
  • [17] Wyrtki, K. Physical oceanography of Southeqst Asian waters, Naga report, University of California, La Jolla. 2, 1961.
  • [18] Godfrey, M.H., & Barreto, R. Beach Vegetation and Sea Finding Orientation of Turtle Hatchlings. Biological Conservation 74 (1), 29–32, 1995.
  • [19] Zuidam, R.A. van, Aerial Photo Interpretation in Terrain Analysis and Geomorphology Mapping. Smits Publishers, 442 pp., 1986.
  • [20] Hindar, H., Muchlisin, Z.A., & Abdullah, F., Characteristics of nesting habitat of sea turtle Lepidochelys olivacea in Lhoknga Beach, Aceh Besar District, Indonesia. Aceh Journal of Animal Science, 3 (1), 25–32, 2018
  • [21] Panjaitan, Iskandar, Syawaludin., Relationship of Change of Beaches to Habitat Eggs Green Turtle (Chelonia Mydas) on The Beach of Pangumbahan End of Tiles, Sukabumi District. Journal Fisheries and Marine Science 3 (3), 311-320, 2012
  • [22] Symthe, R.H. Vision in the Animal World. London, United Kingdom: The Macmilion Press ltd. 1975.
  • [23] Mochamad R. Ismail, M. Wahyudin Lewaru, Donny J. Prihadi. Microplastics Ingestion by Fish in The Pangandaran Bay, Indonesia. World News of Natural Sciences 23 (2019) 173-181
  • [24] Dharmadi and Wiadnyana. Habitat Conditions and Their Relation to the Number of Green Turtles (Chelonia mydas) nesting in Derawan Berau Island, East Kalimantan. Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal 14 (2), 2008
  • [25] Parmadi and Sukojo. Geometric Accuracy Analysis of Pleiades Image to Support RDTR Base Map. Engineering Journal ITS 5 (2), 2016
  • [26] Hitchins, P.M, Bourquin, O., Hitchins, S. & Piper, S.E. Factors influencing emergences and nesting sites of hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) on Cousine Island, Seychelles. Phelsuma's Journal. South Africa: Dorandia, 2003.
  • [27] Leonel Zavaleta-Lizárraga, Jorge E. Morales-Mávil. Nest site selection by the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) in a beach of the north of Veracruz, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. vol. 84 no.3 México sep. 2013
  • [28] Cao, W., Li, R., Chi, X., Chen, N., Chen, J., Zhang, H., & Zhang, F., Island urbanization and its ecological consequences: a case study in Zhoushan Island, East China. Ecological Indicators, 76, 1–14, 2017
  • [29] Harahap, A., Syawaludin. Spatial characteristics of the Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricate Linnaeus, 1766) nesting beach on Kepayang Island, Belitung – Indonesia. World Scientific News 146, 152-169, 2020
  • [30] Segara, R.A. Biophysical Characteristics Study of Green nesting habitat (Chelonia mydas) in Pangumbahan Sukabumi, West Java. Journal of Marine Technology and Science. Bogor: Bogor Agricultural University. 2008.
  • [31] Talbert, O.R., Stancyk, S.E., Dean, J.M., & Will, J.M., Nesting activity of the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) in South Carolina I: A rookery in transition. Copeia, 709-719, 1980
  • [32] Law, A. The Influence of Lunar, Tidal and Nocturnal Phases on the Nesting Activity of Leatherbacks (Dermochelys coriacea) in Tobago, West Indies Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK. Marine Turtle Newsletter 127, 12-17, 2010
  • [33] Dewald, J.R, Pike, D.A. Geographical variation in hurricane impacts among sea turtle populations. Journal of Biogeography 41(2), 307-316, 2013
  • [34] Rivas M.L, Spinola M., Arrieta H., Faife-Cabrera M. Effect of extreme climatic events resulting in prolonged precipitation on the reproductive output of sea turtles. Animal Conservation 21, 387-395, 2018
  • [35] Fish M.R., Cote I., Gill J.A., Jones A.P., Renshoff S., Watkinson A.R. Predicting the impact of sea-level rise on Caribbean Sea turtle nesting habitat. Conservation Biology 19(2), 482-491, 2005
  • [36] Goldenberg S.B., Landsea C.W., Mestas-Nuñez A.M., Gray W.M. The recent increase in Atlantic hurricane activity: causes and implications. Science 293: 474-479, 2001
  • [37] Tomillo P.S., Fonseca L.G., Ward M., Tankersley N., Robinson N.J., Orrego C.M., Saba V.S. The impacts of extreme El Niño events on sea turtle nesting populations. Climatic Change. 159, 163-176, 2020
  • [38] Achmad Rizal. Science and policy in the coastal zone management. World News of Natural Sciences 2018, 21, 1-8
  • [39] Achmad Rizal, Isni Nurruhwati. New Methodological Approaches for Change in Traditional Sectors: The Case of the West Java Fisheries Socio Economic System World News of Natural Sciences 2019, 22, 41-51
  • [40] Achmad Rizal, Zuzy Anna. Climate Change and Its Possible Food Security Implications Toward Indonesian Marine and Fisheries. World News of Natural Sciences 22 (2019) 119-128
  • [41] Noir P. Purba, Yudi N. Ihsan, Ibnu Faizal, Dannisa I. W. Handyman, Kattia S. Widiastuti, Putri G. Mulyani, Mikhael F. Tefa, M. Hilmi. Distribution of Macro Debris in Savu Sea Marine National Park (Kupang, Rote, and Ndana Beaches), East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. World News of Natural Sciences 2018, 21, 64-76
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.