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2017 | 71 | 191-198
Article title

Winter Avian Aggregation at Santragachi Jheel: An Urban Wetland in West Bengal, India

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Abstracts
EN
India has an estimated 58.2 million hectares of wetlands that are important repositories of aquatic biodiversity. The variety of wetlands in India perfectly matches the diverse eco-climatic regimes of the country. This includes wetland systems ranging from high altitude cold desert wetlands to hot and humid wetlands in coastal zones with its characteristically diverse flora and fauna. Around 15 km away from the center of Kolkata city, West Bengal, lies a 12.77 ha (mean depth 1.5 m) freshwater lake, known as the Santragachi Jheel, in the district of Howrah of West Bengal, India (Lat. 22o 34' 60N Long. 88° 17' 60E; Altitude 8m msl) which has recently attracted the attention of avian migrant watchers India-wide. The Jheel plays an important role as the host of thousands (4000-5000) of migratory water birds as well as many resident species during the colder months of the year (October – March). More than twenty-five bird species colonize this lake during the winter months including the most abundant Lesser Whistling Duck and comparably infrequent Northern Pintail, Northern Shoveller, Gargany, Gadwall, Cotton Pigmy Goose, Common Teal and Baikal Teal. But this urban wetland most recently has been subjected to a wide variety of turbulences that includes incessant anthropogenic activities, improper development and management structures and lack of awareness about the vital role played by this ecosystem. So it was felt important to identify the status of Santragachi Jheel with reference to urbanization and various anthropogenic interventions to formulate suitable conservation, restoration and management strategies for this unique wetland with its magnificent avian repository.
Discipline
Year
Volume
71
Pages
191-198
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Zoology, Durgapur Government College, JN Avenue, Durgapur – 713214, West Bengal, India
  • Ecotoxicology Laboratory, Government College of Engineering and Leather Technology, LB-III, Salt Lake, Kolkata - 700 098, India
References
  • [1] Ali, S. 1996. The Book of Indian Birds, BNHS, Oxford University Press, Mumbai, 310 pp.
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  • [3] Buckland, S. T., Anderson, D. R., Burnham, K. P. & Laake, J. L. 1993. Distance sampling: estimating the abundance of biological populations, Chapman and Hall, New York, reprinted 1999 by RUWPA, University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 446 pp.
  • [4] Gopal, B. 1995.WWF handbook of wetland management, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) publication, New Delhi, 395 pp.
  • [5] Grimmet, R., Inskipp, C.& Inskipp, T. 1998. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, Delhi, 480 pp.
  • [6] Hutto, R. L., Pletschet, S. M. & Hendricks, P. 1986. A fixed-radius point count method for nonbreeding and breeding season use. Auk, 103: 593-602
  • [7] Kazmierczak, K. & Perlo, B.V. 2000. A field guide to the birds of the Indian Subcontinent, Yale University Press, 356 pp.
  • [8] Mazumdar, S., Ghosh, P. & Saha, G. K. 2005. Diversity and behaviour of waterfowl in Santragachi Jheel, West Bengal, India, during winter season. Indian Birds 1(3): 22-23
  • [9] Roy, U. S., Goswami, A. R., Aich, A. & Mukhopadhayay, S. K. 2011. Changes in Densities of Waterbird Species in Santragachi Lake, India: Potential Effects on Limnochemical Variables. Zoological Studies, 50(1): 76-84
Document Type
article
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-f74be993-0d7b-4c08-ae90-473cdc9ab2be
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