Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC.: A Systemic Review of its Ethnomedicinal Properties, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology
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Zanthoxylum rhetsa also known as Indian prickly ash belongs to the family of aromatic deciduous trees and shrubs, Rutaceae that grows in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The local use of the plant in different part of the world cannot be over emphasized as it has been both as food, medicine and for pest control. In folk medicine, various parts of Zanthoxylum rhetsa are used for the treatment of dental caries, dizzyness and bloating, malaria, urinary diseases, rheumatism, diuretic, stomach ache and diarrhea. Secondary metabolites have been isolated from the roots, stem barks, and fruits. The plant contains Alkaloids, phenolics and terpenoids as the main constituents of the specie. The presence of those compounds gives base for the several biological activities of the plant such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and antidiarrhea, antioxidant, cytotoxic, thrombolytic Activity and photoprotective properties. This review comprehensive study focused on knowledge regarding several ethnomedical uses of the plant, phytochemical constituents and biological activities of the plant.
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