Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 87 | 136-149
Article title

Biological spectra of vegetation of Sathan Gali, Mansehra, KPK, Pakistan

Title variants
Languages of publication
The present study was carried out to assess the biological spectra of the existing vegetation of Sathan Galli, District Mansehra of Khyber Pakhtoonkhawa (KPK) Pakistan. In this study, area under investigation was divided into 33 stands on the basis of physiognomic characteristics of the vegetation. A total of 105 plant species of 55 families were recorded. The leaf size spectra was dominated by Microphyll contributing 68 species, followed by Mesophylls 45 species, Nanophyll 41 species, Macrophyll and Leptophylls l7 species. Therophytes were found as leading life form of the area encompassing 30.35% species, followed by Hemicryptophytes 20.23% and Megaphanerophytes 16.66%. The biological spectra indicating prevailing climatic conditions of the area and adaptation of vegetation to these conditions. The finding of current exploration revealed that Therophytes and Microphyll were dominant in the study area depicting heavy biotic pressure due to deforestation, over grazing and soil erosion.
Physical description
  • [1] Hussain, F., S.M. Shah, L. Badshah and M. J. Durrani. (2015). Diversity and ecological characteristics of flora of Mastuj Valley, district Chitral, Hindukush range, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 47(2): 495-510.
  • [2] Hussain, M. S. A. Sultana, J. A. Khan & A. Khan. (2008). Species composition and community structure of forest stands in Kumaon Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India. Tropical Ecology 49(2): 167-181.
  • [3] Khan, S.M., N.U. Din, Sohail, I.U. Rahman, F. Ijaz, Z. Iqbal and Z. Ali. (2015). Ethnobotanical study of some medicinal plants of Tehsil Kabal, Distrct Swat, KP, Pakistan. Med. Aromat. Plants 4(3).
  • [4] Khan, R. K., Z. Iqbal, M. Hussain, G. M. Shah, A. H. Shah, M.Farooq. 2016. Poineer Inventory of Sathan Gally District Mansehra, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Pakistan. J. Bio and Envir. Sci. 8(6): 162-170.
  • [5] Madsen, J. E. and I. B. Iigaard. (2008). Floristic composition, structure and dynamics of an upper montane rain forest in Southern Ecuador. Nordic J. Bot. 14(4): 403-423.
  • [6] Malik, N. Z., M. Arshad and S. N. Mirza. (2007). Phytosociological Attributes of Different Plant Communities of Pir Chinasi Hills of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. International journal of agriculture & biology 9(4): 569-574
  • [7] Malik, Z. H. (1986). Phytosociological study on the vegetation of Kotli Hills. M.Phil Thesis, University of Peshawar.
  • [8] McGrady‐Steed, J and P.J. Morin. (2000). Biodiversity, density compensation and the dynamics of populations and functional groups. Ecology, 81: 361‐373.
  • [9] Mehmood, A., S.M. Khan, A.H. Shah, A.H. Shah and H. Ahmad. (2015). First floristic exploration of the District Torghar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot., 47(SI): 57-70.
  • [10] Mueller-dombois, d., and H. Ellenberg. (1974). Aimsand methods of vegetation ecology. Wiley and Sons, New York. 547.
  • [11] Raunkiar, C. (1934). The Life forms of plants and statistical plant geography, Oxford.
  • [12] Sher, Z. and Z. U. Khan. 2007. Floristic composition, life form and leaf spectra of the vegetation of Chagharzai Valley, District Buner. Pak. J. Pl. Sci. 13(1): 57-66.
  • [13] Shaheen, S., Z. Iqbal, F. Ijaz, J. Alam and I. U. Rahman. (2016). Floristic composition, biological spectrum and phenology of Tehsil Havelian, District Abbottabad, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 48(5): 1849-1859.
  • [14] Malik, N.Z., Malik, Z.H., (2004). Present status of subtropical chir pine vegetation of Kotli Hills, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. J. Res. Sci. 15(1), 85-90.
  • [15] Malik, Z.H., Ahmad, S., Hussain, F., (1994). Present status of subtropical chir pine vegetation of Samani Hills Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Sci. KPK. Pak. 7, 51-58.
  • [16] Badshah, L., F. Hussain and Z. Sher. 2013. Floristic inventory, ecological characteristics and biological spectrum of rangeland, District Tank, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 45(4): 1159-1168.
  • [17] Hussain, F., S.M. Shah, L. Badshah and M. J. Durrani. 2015. Diversity and ecological characteristics of flora of Mastuj Valley, district Chitral, Hindukush range, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 47(2): 495-510.
  • [18] Lilian-Lee B. Müller, Dirk C. Albach, Gerhard Zotz, Glenn Matlack, ‘Are 3 °C too much?’: thermal niche breadth in Bromeliaceae and global warming. Journal of Ecology, 2017, 105, 2, 507
  • [19] Rafael Dettogni Guariento, Adriano Caliman, A minimum stochastic model evaluating the interplay between population density and drift for species coexistence. Acta Oecologica, 2017, 79, 62
  • [20] M. D. Petrie, J. B. Bradford, R. M. Hubbard, W. K. Lauenroth, C. M. Andrews, D. R. Schlaepfer, Climate change may restrict dryland forest regeneration in the 21st century. Ecology, 2017, 98, 6, 1548
  • [21] Alexandra K. Urza, Jason S. Sibold, Frank Gilliam, Climate and seed availability initiate alternate post-fire trajectories in a lower subalpine forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 2017, 28, 1, 43
  • [22] Eduardo Fernández-Pascual, Adrián Pérez-Arcoiza, José Alberto Prieto, Tomás E. Díaz, Environmental filtering drives the shape and breadth of the seed germination niche in coastal plant communities. Annals of Botany, 2017, 119, 7, 1169
  • [23] Paula Venier, Marcelo Cabido, Guillermo Funes, Germination characteristics of five coexisting neotropical species ofAcaciain seasonally dry Chaco forests in Argentina. Plant Species Biology, 2017, 32, 2, 134
  • [24] Manuel Pulgar, Julio M. Alcántara, Pedro J. Rey, Sam Scheiner, Effects of sampling effort on estimates of the structure of replacement networks. Journal of Vegetation Science, 2017, 28, 2, 445
  • [25] Ramón Perea, Aida López-Sánchez, Rodolfo Dirzo, Differential tree recruitment in California oak savannas: Are evergreen oaks replacing deciduous oaks? Forest Ecology and Management, 2017, 399, 1
  • [26] Alena Vítová, Petr Macek, Jan Lepš, Carly Stevens, Disentangling the interplay of generative and vegetative propagation among different functional groups during gap colonization in meadows. Functional Ecology, 2017, 31, 2, 458
  • [27] Julio M. Alcántara, Manuel Pulgar, Pedro J. Rey, Dissecting the role of transitivity and intransitivity on coexistence in competing species networks. Theoretical Ecology, 2017, 10, 2, 207
  • [28] Mueller-Dombois, D., and H. Ellenberg. 1974. Aimsand methods of vegetation ecology. Wiley and Sons, New York, 547.
  • [29] Raunkiaer, C. 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical plants Geography. Clarendon Press Oxford, 623.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.