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2015 | 69 | 138–149
Article title

Przydatność oznaczeń surowiczego stężenia CA 125 i HE4 w diagnostyce raka jajnika

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Title variants
EN
Usefulness of determining CA 125 and HE4 serum concentration in diagnosis of ovarian cancer
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PL
Abstracts
EN
INTRODUCTION: Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumor that is the most common cause of death among women with abnormalities of the reproductive organs. CA125 plays a key role in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. However, accord-ing to recent reports, potentially new markers may be HE4 and ROMA. The aim of study was to assess the clinical usefulness of marker concentrations in the serum of women with ovarian cancer and ROMA determination, as well as to compare the results of those obtained from patients with endometrial cancer and from healthy women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Beskid Oncology Centre in Bielsko-Biala, in the follow-ing groups of women: control group – healthy women, I research group – women with ovarian cancer, II research group – women with non-malignant gynecological diseases and III research group – women with endometrial cancer. In order to determine the concentrations of the markers, the immunological method with electrochemiluminescence technology was applied. RESULTS: A statistically significant difference between the marker concentrations and specified value of ROMA in the groups of healthy women and of those with ovarian cancer (p < 0.001) and with non-malignant gynecological disorders (CA125 p < 0.001, HE4 p = 0.034; ROMA p = 0.012) was demonstrated. The ROC curve analysis showed that determining the markers’total concentration and determining ROMA significantly improves the diagnostic value of the test as compared to single-marker determination (AUC:CA125 69%; HE4 85%; ROMA 90%). CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous measurements of CA125 and HE4 concentrations as well as determining ROMA for the differential diagnosis of pelvic tumors and gynecological cancers (ovarian, endometrial cancer) were proven use-ful.
PL
WSTĘP: Rak jajnika jest nowotworem złośliwym, będącym najczęstszą przyczyną zgonów kobiet z patologią narządu rodnego. W diagnostyce raka jajnika kluczową rolę odgrywa marker CA 125. Zgodnie z ostatnimi doniesieniami, potencjalnym nowym markerem może być białko HE4 oraz Algorytm ROMA. Celem pracy była ocena przydatności klinicznej równoczesnych oznaczeń stężeń obu markerów w surowicy kobiet chorych na raka jajnika oraz ocena Algorytmu ROMA, a następnie porównanie wyników tych oznaczeń z uzyskanymi u pacjentek ze schorzeniami ginekologicznymi innymi niż rak jajnika oraz u kobiet zdrowych. MATERIAŁ I METODY: Badania przeprowadzono w Beskidzkim Centrum Onkologii – Szpitalu Miejskim im. Jana Pawła II w Bielsku-Białej, w następujących grupach kobiet: kontrolnej – osoby zdrowe, I badanej – pacjentki chore na raka jajnika, II badanej – pacjentki z nienowotworowymi schorzeniami ginekologicznymi oraz III badanej – pacjentki z rakiem trzonu macicy. Do oznaczeń stężeń obu markerów zastosowano metodę immunologiczną z wykorzystaniem technologii elektrochemiluminescencji (ECLIA). WYNIKI: Wykazano znamienną statystycznie różnicę między stężeniami obu markerów oraz wartością Algorytmu ROMA w grupach kobiet zdrowych i chorych na raka jajnika (p < 0,001) oraz chorych na nienowotworowe schorzenia ginekologiczne (CA 125 p < 0,001; HE4 p = 0,034; Algorytm ROMA p = 0,012). Analiza krzywych ROC wykazała, że łączne oznaczanie stężeń obu markerów i wyznaczanie Algorytmu ROMA istotnie podnosi wartość diagnostyczną testu w porównaniu z oznaczaniem pojedynczych markerów (AUC: CA 125 69%; HE4 85%; Algorytm ROMA 90%). WNIOSKI: Stwierdzono dużą użyteczność równoległych oznaczeń stężeń CA 125 i HE4 oraz wyznaczania Algorytmu ROMA dla diagnostyki różnicowej guzów miednicy mniejszej i nowotworów narządu rodnego (rak jajnika, rak trzonu macicy).
Discipline
Year
Volume
69
Pages
138–149
Physical description
References
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article
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-f5823b40-8880-4707-84f8-44b7d6b3a2a3
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