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2016 | 16 | 1 | 7–14
Article title

Clinical assessment of antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal symptoms in nursing home residents with schizophrenia

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Title variants
EN
Kliniczna ocena polekowych objawów pozapiramidowych u pensjonariuszy domów pomocy społecznej z rozpoznaniem psychoz schizofrenicznych
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Abstracts
EN
This study assessed the incidence and potential risk factors for extrapyramidal symptoms in a population of nursing home residents with schizophrenia receiving antipsychotic medication. A study sample consisted of 261subjects, recruited in nursing homes in Poland. Extrapyramidal symptoms were evaluated using the Simpson–Angus Scale and each extrapyramidal symptoms domain was determined using the appropriate standard scale. The results of the study indicate that approximately 60–70% of patients did not develop extrapyramidal symptoms following prolonged antipsychotic treatment. The risk of extrapyramidal symptoms increased with age, dose of antipsychotic and the number of antipsychotic drugs used concomitantly, and decreased with the duration of the disease. There was no direct effect of gender or common substances of abuse, such as alcohol or nicotine, on the incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms. Among concomitant diseases, hypertension and epilepsy played the most significant role in modulating the incidence and severity of extrapyramidal adverse events. Patients with high blood pressure were less likely to develop extrapyramidal symptoms. Epilepsy significantly increased the risk of some extrapyramidal antipsychoticinduced motor symptoms, such as akathisia and dystonia. Combined treatment with antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs produced slightly higher risk of parkinsonian syndrome. In conclusion, our data indicate that an incidence, type and severity of drug-induced extrapyramidal adverse effects may strongly depend on individual patient characteristics, such as age, gender or comorbid medical conditions and medication, and thus these factors should be taken into account in the therapeutic process.
PL
W prezentowanym badaniu oceniano czynniki ryzyka oraz częstość występowania objawów pozapiramidowych u pensjonariuszy domów pomocy społecznej z rozpoznaniem psychoz schizofrenicznych, leczonych długotrwale lekami przeciwpsychotycznymi. Badaną populację stanowiło 261 pacjentów domów pomocy społecznej regionu łódzkiego. Nasilenie objawów pozapiramidowych było oceniane za pomocą ogólnej skali Simpsona–Angusa, a poszczególne domeny objawów pozapiramidowych analizowano za pomocą odpowiednich standardowych skal. U większości badanych pacjentów (około 60–70%) nie stwierdzono objawów pozapiramidowych. Ryzyko wystąpienia objawów pozapiramidowych wzrastało wraz z wiekiem, dawką leku oraz liczbą leków przeciwpsychotycznych przyjmowanych jednocześnie, a zmniejszało się wraz z czasem trwania choroby. Częstość występowania objawów pozapiramidowych nie zależała natomiast od płci czy stosowania przez pacjentów popularnych używek, takich jak alkohol czy nikotyna. Wśród współistniejących chorób największy wpływ na wystąpienie i nasilenie objawów pozapiramidowych wykazywały nadciśnienie tętnicze oraz padaczka. Pacjenci z nadciśnieniem tętniczym byli w mniejszym stopniu narażeni na wystąpienie objawów pozapiramidowych, podczas gdy u chorych na padaczkę stwierdzono podwyższone ryzyko wystąpienia niektórych pozapiramidowych objawów ruchowych, takich jak akatyzja i dystonia. Łączne przyjmowanie leków przeciwpsychotycznych i przeciwdepresyjnych zwiększało ryzyko wystąpienia zespołu parkinsonowskiego. Otrzymane wyniki wskazują, że indywidualne cechy pacjenta, takie jak wiek, płeć, współistniejące schorzenia oraz przyjmowane leki, w znaczący sposób mogą wpływać na częstość występowania, rodzaj i nasilenie polekowych objawów pozapiramidowych, a zatem czynniki te powinny być brane pod uwagę w procesie terapeutycznym.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
16
Issue
1
Pages
7–14
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Psychiatry, Pabianice Medical Centre, Pabianice, Poland
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Document Type
article
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Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-f5515261-1c0e-48c6-8a9d-fd60a4de9209
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