PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 50 | 131-147
Article title

British Colonial Policy as Push Factor in Inter-Ethnic Migration in Nigeria 1893-1930

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The advent of British Colonial rule in Nigeria transformed the traditional African society in a number of ways, some positive others negative. The initial policies adopted to integrate Nigerian into the British colonial system, however, proved a catalyst that triggered mass movement of people from rural to urban centers thereby creating as it were unexpected demographic dislocation. British development of communication and infrastructures such as railways and the network of road system was part of a deliberate policy to foster the growth of “legitimate trade” in the interior. The early imposition of tax regime in the Northern Protectorate induced people from the zone of taxation to migrate to tax free zones. The combination of abiding peace, agricultural export and modern communication system stimulated migration during British colonial administration in Nigeria. It is the conviction of the author that establishment of British rule had fundamental far-reaching effect on inter-ethnic mingling and migration. The paper examines the various policies of the British at the onset of colonial rule and the effect of these on inter-ethnic migration and mingling. Attempt is made to briefly define the two key words, migration and colonialism, in order to give better understanding to the work. The paper concludes that British colonial policies had profound effect on the people’s decision to leave home and migrate to zones of administrative and economic activities.
Year
Volume
50
Pages
131-147
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of History and International Studies, College of Humanities and Culture, Ikire Campus, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria, olaniyiibiloye@yahoo.com
References
  • [1] Ryder, A.F.C. “Portuguese and Dutch in West Africa before 1800” in Ade-Ajayi & Ian Espie (Eds) A Thousand Years of West African History (Ibadan, University Press) 1976. pp. 231-388.
  • [2] Ibid. pp. 377-382.
  • [3] Agboola-Pariola, C.O.O.“Administrative Grouping…” p.135, Olaoye, R.O.: “Ilorin Emirate and the British Ascendancy 1897-9117” (M.A. Dissertation, University of Ilorin 1983). p. 68.
  • [4] Oyeyipo, I.N.R. “Migration in Igbominaland 1900-1977” (M.A. History Thesis, University of Birmingham 1978) p.10
  • [5] Ibid.
  • [6] Sir. Orr, C. The Making of Northern Nigeria. (London, Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. 1965). pp. 169-171.
  • [7] Crowder, M.A. West Africa Under Colonial Rule. (London, Hutchinson & Co .Ltd., 1970). p. 336.
  • [8] Ibid. p.337.
  • [9] Cohen B.J. Imperialism: The question of Imperialism: The Political economy of dominance and dependence (Macmillan Press London) 1974.
  • [10] Ibid
  • [11] Brown Michael Barrat: After Imperialism (Revised Edition New York Humanty Press) 1970 P.I.
  • [12] Richard D. Wolff - “Modern imperialism” Economic Review Vol.60 No.2 (May, 1970) P. 225
  • [13] Neiser Han — “Economic Imperialism Reconsidered” in Social Research 27 No.1 (Spring 1960) p. 60
  • [14] Model G.H. & Curtis P. Imeria1ism and Colonialism (Macmillan London) 1964.
  • [15] Cohen B. J. . Imperialism: The question of …… p.15 -
  • [16] Ibid
  • [17] Nkwi, P.N. “Rethinking the Role of Elites…” Also International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences David L. Sills (ed) Vol. 9 (London, The Macmillan Company & The Free Press).
  • [18] Ibid. p. 286.
  • [19] Tamuno, T.N. “British administration in Nigeria in the 20th century” in Obaro Ikime (ed) Groundwork of Nigerian History (Ibadan, Heinemann Educational Books Nig. PLC 2001) P.393.
  • [20] Ibid. p.394.
  • [21] Crowder, M.A. West Africa Under Colonial Rule. (London, Hutchinson 1973) p. 165.
  • [22] Ibid. p.166.
  • [23] Ibid p. 200
  • [24] Morel, E.D. Nigeria: Its people and its problem (London, Frank Cass &Co Ltd, 1968) p.187
  • [25] Afigho, A.E. “The Establishment of Colonial Rule 1900-1918” in Ade Ajayi and Michael Crowder (eds) History of West Africa Vol. II (London, Longman 1974) pp. 459-460.
  • [26] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I. (eds). A Thousand Years of West African History (Ibadan, University Press) 1976 pp.393-394.
  • [27] Kirk-Greene,A.H.M. Gazetteer of the Northern Province of Nigeria (London, Frank CASS 1972) p.171.
  • [28] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I. (eds) A thousand years …
  • [29] Cameron; My Tanganyika Service and Some Nigeria. (London, Frank Cass Ltd 1939) p.14
  • [30] Ibid
  • [31] Heussler, R. British in Northern Nigeria (London, Oxford University Press 1968) pp. 66-68
  • [32] Ibid
  • [33] Morel, E.D.Nigeria: It’s people p.187
  • [34] Sir Orr, C. Making of Northern Nigeria (London, Frank Cass &Co Ltd 1965) p. 118.
  • [35] Ibid p.164
  • [36] Hermon-Hodge, H.B. 1929 Gazetteer of Ilorin Province, p.79.
  • [37] Ibid. p.166.
  • [38] NAK, ILOR PROF 4/4 ACC 17 and ACC 19. Touring Diaries of E.J. Satwell and R.L. Payne respectively. NAK, ILOR PROF 4/1, 6142 “Touring Notes Ajasse, Omu etc.” NAK, ILOR PROF 4/1, 2230 Vol.1 “Emir’s Touring Notes 1933”.
  • [39] Sir Geary, W.N.M Nigeria Under British Rule (London, Frank Cass& Co Ltd; 1965) pp. 232-33
  • [40] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I.A Thousand Years of , p. 407
  • [41] Sir Orr, C. The Making of Northern… p.118
  • [42] Lugard,F. The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa (London, Frank Cass Ltd) 5th Edition 1965)p.218
  • [43] Sir Geary, W.N.M. Nigeria Under British Rule (London, Frank Cass & Co. Ltd 1965) p.234
  • [44] Gavin, R.J & Oyemakinde, W. “Economic Development in Nigeria Since 1800”. Obaro Ikime (ed) Groundwork of Nigerian History (London, Heinemann Educational Books Nig. Plc. 2001). p. 497.
  • [45] Ibid
  • [46] Ibid. p. 498
  • [47] Afigbo, A.E. History of West Africa, p. 466.
  • [48] Ibid. p. 470.
  • [49] Ibid. p. 471-72.
  • [50] Crowder, M.A. West Africa Under , p. 274.
  • [51] Ibid. p. 275.
  • [52] Ukwu, U.I. “Transport and Communication as factors in the Modernization and Development of Nigeria” in E.C. Amucheazi (ed) Readings in Social Sciences: Issues in National Development (Lagos, Fourth Dimension Publication Co. Ltd 1980) p.116.
  • [53] Ibid.
  • [54] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I.A Thousand Years , p. 186.
  • [55] Oshin, O. “Population Movement, Urbanization and National Integration: The Historical Role of Railways in the United States and Nigeria” in Nigerian Journal of American Studies Vol. II July 1992 p. 68
  • [56] Ibid.
  • [57] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I. (eds) A Thousand Years, p. 407.
  • [58] Oyemakinde, W. “Railway and Modernization in colonial Nigeria” in Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria Vol. 10 No. 1 Dec. 1979, p. 114
  • [59] Ibid.
  • [60] Ibid.
  • [61] Fakeye, J.O. interviewed at Esie 21st August 2000. Oyun Ogunbiyi interviewed in Ilorin 14th August 2000. Also Alhaji Saibu Adeyemi (aged 70) interviewed in Esie, 17th August 2003.
  • [62] Afigho, A.E. “Sir Raph Moor and the Economic Development of Southern Nigeria 1896-1903”. Journal of The Historical Society of Nigeria Vol.3, 1970.
  • [63] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I.A Thousand Years … p. 407
  • [64] Cook, A.N. British Enterprises in Nigeria (London, Frank Cass& Co Ltd 1964) p. 220.
  • [65] Crowder, M.A.West Africa Under … p.274.
  • [66] Omosini, O. “Railway Projects and British Attitude Towards the Development of West Africa 1872-1903 in Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria Vol. No. 4 1971 p. 504
  • [67] Please see Chapter II of E.O. Ibiloye; “Igbomina Migrant Community in Lagos 1893- 1985” (Ph.D thesis University of Ilorin), for a detail description on agricultural production in Igbominaland.
  • [68] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I. A Thousand Years … p. 409
  • [69] Crowder, M.A. West Africa Under … p. 282.
  • [70] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I. A Thousand Years … p. 408.
  • [71] Anene, J.C. Southern Nigeria in Transition 1885-1906: Theory and Practice in a Colonial Protectorate (Cambridge University Press 1966) p. 290.
  • [72] Lawal, A.A “ The West African Currency Board: Earning and distribution of its income 1912-1945” in Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria Vol. XIII No 1&2 Dec 1985-June 1986, pp. 29-48.
  • [73] Ibid.
  • [74] Ibid.
  • [75] Ajayi, A. and Espie, I. A Thousand Years … p. 410.
  • [76] Crowder, M.A. West Africa Under Colonial Rule (London, Hutchinson & co Ltd 1973) p.273
  • [77] Crowder, M.A. West Africa Under … p. 336.
  • [78] Osoba, S.O. “Phenomenon of Labour Migration in the Era of British Colonial Rule: A neglect aspect of Nigeria’s social History”, in Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria Vol. IV No.4 June 1969 p. 524.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-f10ac4ab-7146-4fbf-b1e3-78ce734cb015
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.