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2009 | 63 | 5 | 7-24
Article title

Antinociceptive eff ects of morphine, nefopam, indomethacin and imipramine in rats with lesion of the central serotoninergic system

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Title variants
PL
Przeciwbólowe efekty morfiny, nefopamu, indometacyny i imipraminy u szczurów z lezją ośrodkowego układu serotoninergicznego
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EN
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the present study was to examine the eff ect of the central serotoninergic lesion on the antinociceptive eff ects of morphine (5.0 mg/kg sc), nefopam (20 mg/kg ip), indomethacin (5.0 mg/kg ip) and imipramine (10 mg/kg ip) in the model of exteroceptive sensation - formalin test (chemical stimulus), and interoceptive sensation - writhing test (model of visceral pain). Furthermore monoamine synthesis rate after examined analgetics in the frontal cortex, thalamus, brain stem and spinal cord was assayed. MATERIAL AND METHODS On the 3 rd day of postnatal life male rats were administered with 5.7- DHT (70 μg/10 μl in 0.1% ascorbic acid solution ICV; 35 μg/5 μl per side); control animals received vehicle (70 μg/10 μl of 0.1% ascorbic acid solution ICV). Rats continued to be housed until 8-10 weeks, for further experimentation. RESULTS It was shown that the central serotoninergic lesion slightly modifi ed analgesia evoked by nefopam and indomethacin in formalin test but much more profound reduction in analgesia produced by morphine and indomethacin injection was observed in visceral model of nociception. In biochemical study it was shown that analgetics employed in this study (with exception of indomethacin) altered synthesis rate of serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in the examined parts of the rats brain. The above indicates that besides serotoninergic pathway other monoaminergic systems (noradrenergic and dopaminergic) participate in the central mechanism of action of these drugs. CONCLUSION It is likely that similar nociception abnormalities may occur in patients with serotoninergic system dysfunction, so that it points out on the requirement of analgetics dosage adjustment.
PL
WSTĘP Celem pracy była ocena wpływu lezji (zniszczenia) ośrodkowego układu serotoninergicznego na przeciwbólowe działanie morfi ny (5.0 mg/kg sc), nefopamu (20 mg/kg ip), indometacyny (5.0 mg/kg ip) i imipraminy (10 mg/kg ip) w testach czucia bólu eksteroceptywnego, tj formalinowym (bodziec chemiczny) a ponadto czucia interoceptywnego, tj. bólu trzewnego w teście wicia. Ponadto zbadano wpływ stosowanych analgetyków na procesy syntezy monoamin w wybranych częściach mózgu (kora przedczołowa, wzgórze, most, rdzeń kręgowy) u szczurów kontrolnych oraz z lezją. MATERIAŁ I METODY Zniszczenie ośrodkowego układu serotoninergicznego wykonano u 3 dniowych noworodków szczurzych stosując dokomorowo 5.7-DHT w dawce 70 μg/10 μl w 0.1% roztworze kwasu askorbinowego. Właściwe testy behawioralne i biochemiczne wykonano po osiągnięciu przez zwierzęta 8 tygodnia życia. WYNIKI Wykazano, że chemiczna lezja ośrodkowego układu serotoninergicznego tylko w niewielkim stopniu modyfi kuje przeciwbólowe działanie nefopamu i indometacyny w modelu bólu zapalnego natomiast wyraźnie osłabia przeciwbólowe działanie morfi ny i indometacyny w modelu bólu trzewnego u szczurów. W badaniach biochemicznych wykazano, że stosowane leki (za wyjątkiem indometacyny) zmieniają szybkość syntezy serotoniny (5-HT) oraz dopaminy (DA) w badanych strukturach mózgu. Powyższe wskazuje, że w ośrodkowych mechanizmach analgetycznego działania stosowanych leków poza układem serotoninergicznym uczestniczą w różnym stopniu inne układy monoaminergiczne, tj. noradrenergiczny i dopaminergiczny. WNIOSKI Uzyskane wyniki przemawiają za tym, że trwała dysfunkcja ośrodkowego układu serotoninergicznego może prowadzić do zmienionej reakcji biologicznej na leki przeciwbólowe.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
63
Issue
5
Pages
7-24
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland
  • Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland
  • Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland
  • Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland
  • Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland
  • Katedra i Zakład Farmakologii SUM w Katowicach, 41-808 Zabrze, ul. H. Jordana 38, tel./faks: +(48 32) 272 26 83, pnowak@sum.edu.pl
  • Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland
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