The influence of 1-year Tai Chi practice on health behavior in adults
Languages of publication
Introduction: Tai Chi is a type of movement derived from Tr aditional Chinese Medicine, gaining popularity in Poland in recent years. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of 1 - year practice of Tai Chi on health behavior in adults. Material and Methods: The study was conducted from September 2014 to Octob er 2015 among 62 students of the Tai Chi Chuan School in Krakow ranging from 30 to 50 years old. The study involved 37 women as well as 25 men. The main test method used in our study was the Health Behavior Inventory (IZZ). Results: Results of this study i ndicate significant improvement of the average score of Health Behavior Index (p=0.000): from 75,1pts before Tai Chi program to 83,1pts after one year of practicing. The average value of this parameter among women increased from 75,9pts to 83,1pts (p=0.000 ) and among men from 73,9pts to 83,0pts (p=0.000). The beneficial effect of 1 - year Tai Chi practice was observed in all examined health behavior categories (proper nutrition habits, preventive behavior, positive mental attitude as well as proper nutrition) in the entire group as well as in men and women separately. The improvement observed was statistically significant (p<0.05). Before starting the Tai Chi program the average score of Health Behavior Index was significantly lower when compared to the normat ive group (p=0.000) but after one year practice an improvement was observed and the level of statistically not significant difference was achieved (p=0.483). Conclusion: The beneficial effect of 1 - year Tai Chi training on overall improvement on health habi ts supports the need of further promotion of this physical activity among adults .
- Section of Kinesitherapy, Faculty of Motor Rehabilitation, The University o f Physical Education in Krakow
- Doctoral Studies, Faculty of Motor Rehabilitation, The University of
- Section of Kinesitherapy, Faculty of Motor Rehabilitation, The University of Physical Education in Krakow
- Locomotor Rehabilitation Center "Krzeszowice"
- 1. Birdee GS. Wayne PM, Davis RB et al. T'ai Chi and Qigong for health: patterns of use in the United States, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine , 2009, 15(9):969 - 73.
- 2. Rogers CE, Larkey LK, Keller C. A Review of Clinical Trials of Tai Chi and Qigong in Older Adults, Western Journal of Nursing Research, 2008, 31(2):245 – 279.
- 3. Larkey L, Jahnke R, Etnier J et al. Meditative Movement as a Categor y of Exercise: Implications for Research, Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 2009, 6:230 - 238.
- 4. Li J. X, Hong Y, Chan KM. Tai Chi: Physiological Characteristics and Beneficial Effects on Health, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2001, 35(3):148 – 156.
- 5. Be rgier J, Panasiuk R, Bergier M. The meaning of taijiquan from the Chen family in physical activity of Poles, Archives of Budo , 2014, 10: 11 - 16.
- 6. Harmer PA., Li F. Tai Chi and falls prevention in older people, Medicine and Sport Science, 2008, 52:124 - 34.
- 7. Woo J, Hong A, Lau E, et al. A randomised controlled trial of Tai Chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength and balance in community - living elderly people. Age Ageing, 2007, 36(3):262 - 8.
- 8. Posadzki P, Jacques S . Tai Chi and Meditation: A Conce ptual (Re)Synthesis?, Journal of Holistic Nursing, 2009, 27(2):103 – 114.
- 9. Wa ng C, Bannuru R, Ramel J et al. Tai Chi on psychological well - being: systematic review and meta - analysis, BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2010, 21(10):23.
- 10. Preventing nonc ommunicable diseases in the workplace through diet and physical activity:WHO/World Economic Forum report of a joint event, 2008.
- 11. Sharma M, Majumdar PK. Occupational lifestyle diseases: An emerging issue. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Med icine, 2009, 13(3):109 - 12.
- 12. Juczyński Z. Narzędzia pomiaru w psychologii zdrowia. Przegląd Psychologiczny, 1999, 42(4):43 - 56 [in Polish]
- 13. Juczyński Z . Narzędzia pomiaru w promocji i psychologii. zdrowia. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych, Warszawa , 2009:110 - 120 [in Polish]
- 14. Toda M, Den R, Hasegawa - Ohira M et al. Influence of personal patterns of behavior on the effects of Tai Chi: a pilot study, Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine , 2011, 16(1):61 - 3.
- 15. Field T. Tai Chi research review, Complementary Ther apies in Clinical Practice , 2011,17: 17:1441 - 1146.
- 16. Zhang L, Layne C, Lowder T et al. A review focused on the psychological effectiveness of Tai Chi on different populations, Evidence - Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012:678107.
- 17. Walcz ak M, Jeśman C, Gębarowska K . Tai – Chi. A Way To Good Physical Health And Mental Well - Being, Kwartalnik Ortopedyczny, 2012, 2:219 - 223.
- 18. Arend A , Laszczyńska M, Bażydło M et. Al. Ocena zachowań zdrowotnych mężczyzn po 40 roku życia, Problemy Higieny i Epidemiologii , 2014, 95(3):659 - 666 [in Polish]
- 19. The World Health Report 2003: Shaping the Future: Burden of disease in dalys by cause, sex, and mortality stratum in WHO regions, estimates for 2002. In World Health Organization, 2003:160 - 165.
Publication order reference