Measurement innovations in railway infrastructure safety
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The paper proves that measurement innovations in railway infrastructure safety regard not only the railway transport but also railway surveying. It was found out that the measurement innovation in the railway infrastructure safety is both the manner of thinking and acting, including selection of measurement techniques and methods, as well as development and utilization of a measuring device that ensures good quality of acquired data. An innovative measurement device called the magnetic-measuring square (MMS) was presented along with adapters for installation of surveying prisms on a digital or manual track gauge with an adapter allowing for installation of a laser distance meter on a gauge meter. There were also some factors suggested that influence the changes in contemporary railway surveying, considering the emerging dilemmas. A component of the railway infrastructure are the road and railway crossings as well as the pedestrian crossings. It is the priority to ensure safety on the railway and road crossings. This is a highly dangerous type of level crossings, especially when it comes to D category - meaning the unguarded crossings. The paper focuses on application of the author's measurement innovations in the rail transport infrastructure, while referring to geometry of road and railway crossings. The article presents the author’s observations and conclusions. The article was prepared as part of the AGH statutory research no. 11.11.150.005.
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