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2017 | 14 | 11-35
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Packed-Bed Column Adsorption of Metanil Yellow (MY) from Simulated Wastewater using Granular NaOH-Activated Carbon from Cassava (Manihot esculenta) Peels

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The ability of NaOH-activated carbon derived from cassava peels waste to remove MY from aqueous solution was carried out in a fixed-bed column adsorber. The parameters studied included initial solution concentration, Co, carbon bed height and volume flow rate. The temperature of operation and initial solution pH were 29 °C and 5.32, respectively. The optimum adsorption capacity, qe 4.12 mg/g was obtained at Co 10mg/L, bed height 10cm and flow rate, 13.3ml/min. Experimental data were analyzed with Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm, as well as the Thomas, Yoon-Nelson and Clark kinetic models. All the models were good fits for experimental data based on correlation coefficient, R2 values. The ΔGads and Freundlich n (1.587) show that the biosorption was spontaneous, good and physical. Results show that NaOH-activated carbon from cassava peels has low capacity to remove MY from aqueous solutions.
Physical description
  • Department of Chemistry, Imo State University, P.M.B. 2000, Owerri, Nigeria
  • Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B. 5323 Choba, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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