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2015 | 15 | 1 | 18-21
Article title

Impact of vascular diseases on the progression of mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer’s disease

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Title variants
PL
Wpływ obciążenia chorobami naczyniowymi na progresję łagodnych zaburzeń poznawczych do choroby Alzheimera
Languages of publication
EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Introduction: Mild cognitive impairment does not meet the criteria for the diagnosis of dementia, but reaching this diagnosis raises concern about the future state of a patient due to the possibility of the conversion to Alzheimer’s disease. Although the aetiology of Alzheimer’s disease is neurodegenerative, the impact of vascular diseases is also taken into consideration. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of vascular diseases in patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment on the conversion to Alzheimer’s disease. Material and methods: In each of 101 patients with a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment, a detailed medical history was taken, taking into account: hypertension, ischaemic heart disease, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, stroke, diabetes as well as thyroid diseases, head injuries, alcohol abuse, smoking, exposure to toxic substances, surgery under general anaesthesia and the family character of dementia. Clinical follow-ups were scheduled after 6, 12 and 24 months. Results: Amongst 101 patients with mild cognitive impairment, 17 (16.8%) converted to Alzheimer’s disease within two years of observation. The analysis of the distribution of independence tests showed that the conversion is significant for two variables: ischaemic heart disease and myocardial infarction.
PL
Wstęp: Łagodne zaburzenia poznawcze nie spełniają kryteriów rozpoznania zespołu otępiennego, jednakże ustalenie tego rozpoznania wzbudza obawę o przyszły stan pacjenta, w związku z zagrożeniem konwersją do choroby Alzheimera. Mimo etiologii zwyrodnieniowej choroby Alzheimera brany pod uwagę jest również wpływ chorób naczyniowych na rozwój tej choroby. Celem pracy była ocena wpływu obciążenia chorobami naczyniowymi u pacjentów ze zdiagnozowanymi łagodnymi zaburzeniami poznawczymi na konwersję do choroby Alzheimera. Materiał i metody: U 101 pacjentów z rozpoznaniem łagodnych zaburzeń poznawczych przeprowadzono szczegółowy wywiad chorobowy, uwzględniający: nadciśnienie tętnicze, chorobę niedokrwienną serca, zaburzenia rytmu serca, zawał serca, udar mózgu, cukrzycę, a ponadto choroby tarczycy, urazy głowy, nadużywanie alkoholu, nikotynizm, kontakt z substancjami toksycznymi, operacje w znieczuleniu ogólnym i rodzinność otępienia. Zaplanowano wizyty kliniczne po 6, 12, 24 miesiącach. Wyniki: Spośród 101 pacjentów z rozpoznaniem łagodnych zaburzeń poznawczych u 17 osób (16,8%) stwierdzono konwersję do choroby Alzheimera w ciągu 2 lat obserwacji. Analiza testów niezależności rozkładów wykazała, że konwersja jest istotna dla dwóch zmiennych: choroby niedokrwiennej serca oraz zawału serca w wywiadzie.
Discipline
Year
Volume
15
Issue
1
Pages
18-21
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Neurology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Interior, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Radiology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Interior, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Neurodegenerative Disorders, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Neurology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Interior, Warsaw, Poland. Department of Neurodegenerative Disorders, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
References
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Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-eccb7721-f3bf-4840-964e-af7392d34ca0
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