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2014 | 14 | 59 | 371–392
Article title

Ocena przydatności badania USG z zastosowaniem głowic wysokiej częstotliwości w diagnostyce neuropatii uciskowych

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Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of entrapment neuropathies
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EN
The primary aim of this paper was to assess the relevance of high-frequency ultrasound examination in qualifying patients for either surgical or conservative treatment of peripheral entrapment neuropathies. The study was conducted in a group of 55 patients aged 7–83 (mean age 43.6), including 28 males and 27 females, who in 2009–2011 were referred to an ultrasound examination due to a clinical suspicion of entrapment neuropathies. For the purposes of the analysis, the patients were divided into four groups: carpal tunnel syndrome (1), ulnar nerve entrapment (2) (cubital tunnel syndrome and Guyon’s canal syndrome), posterior interosseous nerve syndrome (3) and other entrapment neuropathies (4). The cases of isolated idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome were excluded from the analysis. All patients underwent the interview, physical examination and ultrasound examination. Ultrasound examinations were performed with Esaote MyLab 50 and MyLab 60 systems using high-frequency broadband linear transducers: 6–18 MHz. Sixty-seven percent of patients (37 persons) underwent a neurophysiological test. Nerve echostructure, its hyperemia as well as nerve cross-sectional area or, in the case of small nerves, diameter were assessed in all patients. Furthermore, the following were assessed in individual groups: notch sign in group 1, nerve instability in a dynamic ultrasound examination in group 2, nerve angulation in a dynamic ultrasound examination and tenderness on nerve compression at the site of the visualized pathology in group 3. The analyses of the collected material were performed by means of descriptive statistics. The results of clinical and surgical verification were consistent with ultrasound findings in 96.4%. The results indicate that high-frequency ultrasonography is a valuable method in qualifying patients for various types of treatment of peripheral neuropathies resulting from compression.
PL
Podstawowym celem pracy była ocena przydatności badania ultrasonograficznego z zastosowaniem głowic wysokiej częstotliwości w kwalifikowaniu do leczenia operacyjnego albo zachowawczego neuropatii obwodowych o charakterze uciskowym. Materiał pracy stanowiła grupa 55 osób w wieku 7–83 lata (średnia wieku 43,6 roku), w tym 28 mężczyzn i 27 kobiet, kierowanych w latach 2009–2011 na badanie ultrasonograficzne z klinicznym podejrzeniem neuropatii uciskowych, na potrzeby analizy podzielonych na cztery grupy: zespół kanału nadgarstka (1), zespół ucisku nerwu łokciowego (2) (ucisk na poziomie rowka nerwu łokciowego oraz ucisk na poziomie kanału Guyona), zespół ucisku nerwu międzykostnego tylnego (3), inne neuropatie uciskowe (4). Z analizowanej grupy wyłączono przypadki izolowanego idiopatycznego zespołu kanału nadgarstka. U wszystkich pacjentów przeprowadzono badanie podmiotowe, przedmiotowe oraz badanie ultrasonograficzne. Badania ultrasonograficzne przeprowadzono aparatami Esaote MyLab 50 oraz MyLab 60 z zastosowaniem szerokopasmowych głowic liniowych o wysokich częstotliwościach: 6–18 MHz. U 67% pacjentów (37 osób) wykonano badanie neurofizjologiczne. U wszystkich pacjentów oceniano echostrukturę nerwu i jego przekrwienie oraz określano pole powierzchni przekroju nerwu albo – w przypadku drobnych nerwów – średnicę. Dodatkowo w grupie 1 oceniano objaw wcięcia, w grupie 2 – niestabilność nerwu w dynamicznym badaniu ultrasonograficznym, w grupie 3 – zaginanie kątowe nerwu w dynamicznym badaniu ultrasonograficznym oraz tkliwość w czasie ucisku nerwu w miejscu uwidocznionej patologii. Analizy zebranego materiału dokonano za pomocą statystyki opisowej. W odniesieniu do weryfikacji klinicznej i operacyjnej zgodność z rozpoznaniem ultrasonograficznym osiągnięto w 96,4% przypadków. Uzyskane wyniki wskazują, że badanie ultrasonograficzne z zastosowaniem głowic wysokiej częstotliwości jest cenną metodą w kwalifikowaniu do rodzaju leczenia neuropatii obwodowych o charakterze uciskowym.
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Volume
14
Issue
59
Pages
371–392
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References
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-ebf34312-a3e5-4ad8-ad68-a4998b611fce
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