Description and characteristic of bird species inhabiting dry coniferous forests exceeding 150 years of age in Kampinos National Park
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This paper presents the results of the ornithological research performed in the oldest dry coniferous forests of Kampinos National Park (central Poland). The field study took place on three 25-ha-sites overgrown with Scots pine Pinus sylvestris over 150 years old. The species composition of the dominant group was found to differ from that of other forests. Hole-nesters constituted the most important part of the population of birds together with old and mature forest specialists and residents. Hole-nesters were numerously represented (50% of all noted pairs). Old and mature forest specialists constituted 40% of all pairs. Seven species connected to natural forest clearings were also found to be of significant importance. The presence of such ecological groups is proof of the biological balance and diversity of the researched forests.
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