The environmental challenges of declining mangroves: an analytical survey in Puttalam District in Sri Lanka
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This study under the title of “the environmental challenges of declining mangroves: a study based on Puttalam District in Sri Lanka” was undertaken to attain the primary objective ‘to identify the factors for the declining of the mangroves in the study area’ and the secondary objectives ‘identify the environmental challenges due to the mangroves declining in the study area and to suggest was to control the decline and to provide awareness of this problem among the inhabitants’. Both, primary and secondary data were collected for this study. As primary data, questionnaire survey, direct observation and constructed discussion were used. As secondary data, statistic reports, previous researches, books and magazines were employed. According to the analysis, major environmental challenges were encountered. These included ‘land fragmentation, biodiversity destruction, decreasing endemism in mangrove, loss of herbs and coastal soil erosion’. To overcome these challenges, many recommendations were put forward.
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