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2011 | 38 | 2 | 285-317
Article title

Akromegalia jako problem interdyscyplinarny

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EN
Acromegaly - an interdisciplinary problem
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PL
Abstracts
EN
The aim of this article is to review the epidemiology and pathogenesis of acromegaly with regard to the nature and pathophysiology of growth hormone. The authors give a broad view of pituitary tumours and especially focus on acromegaly. They pay attention to clinical presentation and criteria for diagnosis of this endocrinopathy with reference to the new guidelines of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists published in 2011 which focus on the diagnosis and treatment of acromegaly. The authors also raise a query about the diagnosis of acromegaly which is delayed for several years. They also highlight the interdisciplinary, complex problem of therapy of this endocrinopathy and the need for interdisciplinary collaboration of many medical specialists. They discuss the treatment of acromegaly step by step stressing the crucial role of surgery. They pay much attention to different forms of pharmacotherapy, more broadly used in invasive somatotroph adenomas, also as a treatment of choice. The authors discuss new forms of pharmacotherapy of acromegaly and stress that in some patients a combination of several treatment options is necessary to cure acromegaly.
PL
Praca omawia epidemiologię i patogenezę akromegalii ze szczególnym zwróceniem uwagi na naturę i patofizjologię hormonu wzrostu. Autorzy poruszają szeroko problem guzów przysadki z uwzględnieniem miejsca akromegalii w różnorodnych kryteriach podziału gruczolaków przysadki. Przedstawiają charakterystyczny obraz kliniczny i kryteria rozpoznania tej endokrynopatii, odnosząc się w szczególności do konsensusu Amerykańskiego Towarzystwa Endokrynologów Klinicznych z 2011 roku, dotyczącego diagnostyki i leczenia akromegalii. Podnoszą zagadnienie wciąż wiele lat opóźnionego rozpoznania choroby. Podkreślają interdyscyplinarny, złożony problem terapii tej endokrynopatii i zaangażowanie lekarzy wielu specjalności. Omawiają zasady etapowego leczenia akromegalii, podkreślając wciąż wiodącą rolę leczenia operacyjnego. Dużo uwagi poświęcają różnym formom farmakoterapii akromegalii, coraz szerzej stosowanym w inwazyjnych gruczolakach somatotropowych, również jako metody pierwszego wyboru. Autorzy podkreślają nadzieje związane z nowymi lekami oraz konieczność łączenia wielu metod terapeutycznych w celu wyleczenia akromegalii.
Discipline
Year
Volume
38
Issue
2
Pages
285-317
Physical description
References
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