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2019 | 27 | 128-140
Article title

Community structure of macrozoobentos on artificial reef made from reef rubble and split rock in Tunda Island, province of Banten, Indonesia

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Tunda Island has underwater beauty that has the potential to be developed into a marine tourism object. One important part of this is the fringing reef around the island. Unfortunately, this has been severely degraded. This study aims to determine if reef rubble and split rock artificial reefs have the ability to be a living space for macrozoobenthos and to measure the potential community structure. The research was conducted in August 2018 - November 2018 in the eastern part of Tunda Island, and included monitoring the initial conditions, artificial reef creating and positioning, gathering and analyzing macrozoobenthos data. The macrozoobenthos data collection was carried out from September to November 2018 as 4 observations, and was obtained using the Belt Transect method. In the analysis, the community structure data retrieved was divided into 3 categories: diversity, abundance and dominance. The diversity index obtained ranged from 0.43 – 7.65, meaning that it is of low to moderate diversity. The abundance of macrozoobenthos ranged from 1 - 18 individuals /m2 on the rubble type artificial reef and 2.13 – 4.26 individuals /m2 on the split type artificial reefs, with the most common class being gastropods. On rubble type artificial reefs, 14 macrozoobenthos genera were found to be common, while 13 genera were observed in the split type. The genus found was Culcita sp., Chicoreus sp., Diadema sp., Chelidonura sp., Thrombus sp., Chromodoris sp., Cymatium sp., Trochus sp., Terebra sp., Dardanus sp., Malea sp., Oliva sp., Opheodosoma sp., Actinopyga sp., Conus sp., Enoplometopus sp., Cypracea sp., Lambis sp., and Phylidia sp. The dominance index value was in the range of 0.18-1.00 or low to high on both rubble and split types.
Physical description
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM 21 Hegarmanah, Jatinangor, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM 21 Hegarmanah, Jatinangor, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM 21 Hegarmanah, Jatinangor, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM 21 Hegarmanah, Jatinangor, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia
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