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2015 | 23 | 106-116
Article title

KALĀM AND AL-GHAZĀLĪ ’S CRITIQUE

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Abstracts
EN
Issues related to justice and mercy, as well as God’s attributes have been, for centuries, the focal point of the Muslim theologians’ debates. Some theologians interpreted the God’s attributes such as hearing and seeing metaphorically used to avoid comparing God to created beings. Another controversial theological debate focused on the question of free will and predestination. One group of Muslim theologians maintained that because God is just, he creates only good and therefore only humans can create evil. The other group argued that God’s punishment of humans would be unjust because he himself created their evil deeds. However, this particular view was rejected by other Muslim theologians on the grounds that it limits the scope of God's creation, when the Qur’ān clearly states that God is the Creator of everything. Many other theological controversies occupied Muslim thinkers for the first few centuries of Islam, but by the 10th century the views of Islamic theologian al-Ash‘arī and his followers, known as Ash‘arites, prevailed and were adopted by most Muslims. This study, therefore, traced and explored the growth and development of these theological schools from their first appearance to the period of al-Ghazālī and, moreover, al-Ghazālī’s critique of both philosophy and theology were explored and analyzed.
Year
Volume
23
Pages
106-116
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Islamic Studies, Faculty of Art and Education, Bauchi State University, P.M.B 65, Gadau, Bauchi, Nigeria
  • Faculty of Law, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, P.M.B 2218, Katsina, Nigeria
References
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  • [2] Al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid (n.d). iḥyā’ ulūm al-dīn, Beyrūt: Dār al-Ma‘rifah, n.d.
  • [3] Al-Ghazālī, Abū[3] Ḥāmid (1997). Tahāfut al-Falāsifah, Translated by Marmura, M. E. Provo: Brigham Young University Press.
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  • [11] Macarthiy, R. J. (1980). Translated, Freedom and Fulfillment: An Annotated Translation of Al-Ghazālī’s al-Munqidh min al-Dalāl, Michigan: Twayne Publishers.
  • [12] Marmura, M. E. (1984). Islamic Theology and Philosophy, Edited New York: State University of New York Press.
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  • [15] Nasr, S. H. (2006). Islamic Philosophy from its Origin to the Present, Washington: State University of New York Press.
  • [16] Netton, I. R Edited, (2007). Islamic Philosophy and Theology, New York: Routledge.
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-e794ca40-22a8-4c71-bd4a-47b716fedf06
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