Terrorism in Europe – from the definition to the present day
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The description undertaken attempts to investigate the threat of Islamic terrorism in Europe. This problem is still real, because the countries of the Old Continent participating in the so-called the war against global terrorism already experienced terrorist attacks on their territories. The main objective of this work is to determine the capabilities of the terrorist threat by examining the essence of the phenomenon of modern Islamic terrorism in the European area and the assessment of the threat. During the development of this description the author used different research methods, and the main criterion for their selection was a rationalization of the course and the possibility of obtaining objective results. Method of analysis and detailed examination of documents has been used as a gateway and adapted in the optimal way to achieve the desired result in the form of leaked conclusions. The leading element to the entire research process was a critical analysis of the literature on the subject of research. Literature and the sources from which were used in the study can be divided into several thematic segments: the history of Islam and the sources of Islamic fundamentalism, history and theory of terrorism, the sources of law in the context of counter-terrorism and policies in the field of counter-terrorism and the fight against this phenomenon. Literature research in the field of scientific studies in the context of the presented thematic sections, characterized by diverse accessibility, which consists of a number of items related to the Muslim religion and Islamic fundamentalism, terrorism and the disciplines of law, as well as occurring much less frequently highly specialized positions describing the security system of anti-terrorist.
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- The Arabic word "jihad" is often translated as "holy war," but in a purely linguistic sense, the word " jihad" means struggling or striving.
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-  The Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice, San Francisco 1945.
-  Baylis, John, Wirtz, James J., Gray, Colin S., op.cit., pp. 174.
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-  Qutb, Sayyid, Milestones, Published by Kazi Publications, Exeter 2003, pp. 23 and next.
-  Ibidem, pp. 23 and next.
-  Hoffman, Bruce, Inside terrorism, Published by Columbia University Press, New York 2006, pp. 24 and next.
-  Patterns of Global Terrorism, Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, U.S. Department of State; http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/pgtrpt/
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-  Geneva Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
-  Convention (V) respecting the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in Case of War on Land. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
-  Hoffman, Bruce, op. cit.
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-  Sharia is the basic Islamic legal system derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. The term sharia means a body of moral and religious law derived from religious prophecy, as opposed to human legislation.
-  Sheldon, Rose Mary, Spies of the Bible, Published by Greenhill Books, London 2007, pp. 252 and next.
-  Rees Phil, Dining with Terrorists, Published by Pan Books, London 2006, pp. 232 and next.
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