Yield performance and Adaptability of Finger millet landrace in North Western Tigray, Ethiopia
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Finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn.) is a stable food crop with inherent hardy nature and quality nutritional grain in majority of drought prone areas in several East African and South Asian countries in the world. The experiment was conducted with objectives of determining the effect of genotype, environment and their interaction for grain yield and to identify the most stable finger millet genotypes in north western Tigray, Ethiopia. Forty one finger millet genotypes were grown at three sites in northwestern Tigray, Ethiopia at two season (2015/16 and 2016/2017). The experiment was laid down in RCBD with three replications. The combined ANOVA for grain yield revealed highly significant (P<0.01) for genotypes, environments and their interactions. This indicated that the environments were diverse and variability among the genotypes. The significant interaction showed the genotypes respond differently across the different environments. The mean grain yield value of genotypes averaged over environments indicated that MyARC coll 44 and Tessema had the highest (2599 kg/ha) and lowest (1154 kg/ha) grain yield respectively. The best genotype with respect to site of Tselemti on station was genotype MyARC coll 44; for Tselemti Maiani also MyARC coll 61 and MyARC coll 61. Generally, the result revealed the existence of variability for the characters studied in finger millet landraces. Hence, this is a potential character of interest which could be used in the genetic improvement of finger millet through hybridization and/or selection by involving breeders and farmers’ knowledge. Farmers also opined that the new variety has better grain and fodder yield potential and lodging resistance and they would adopt them in future.
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