Phytochemical analysis of leaf extract of Ocimum americanum L. (Lamiaceae) by GCMS method
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Plants have been an important source of medicine with qualities of thousands of years. Ocimum americanum L. belonging to family Lamiaceae is a medicinal and aromatic herb with white or pale liliac flowers in six flowered whorls in 5-10 cm long racemes and having citrus smelled aroma. It is distributed throughout India. The different parts including leaves are used for various medicinal purposes as flavoring agent, diuretic and tonic, for cough, dysentery and relieving toothache. The further studies are conducted to investigate the unexploited potential of Ocimum americanum. 13 compounds were identified and they are reported as dibutyl phthalate, 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, butyl 2-methylpropyl ester, 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis (2-methyl propyl ester, 1,2-benzene dicarboxylic acid butyl 2-ethyl hexyl ester; 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid butyl 2-methyl propyl ester; phthalic acid; butyl 2-pentyl ester; phthalic acid, butyl hept-4-yl ester, phthalic acid, butyl hex-3-yl ester phthalic acid; Di(2-propyl pentyl) ester diisooctyl phthalate, Bis(2-ethyl hexyl) phthalate; Squalene; Trans-geranylgeraniol. GCMS analysis and the biological activity of each compound were discussed in present attempt. Because of its availability, it can prove as an effective and cheaper drug for various human diseases.
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