Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2021 | 151 | 31-44
Article title

Environmental considerations on maritime passenger transport

Title variants
Languages of publication
Maritime passenger transport entails significant risks and threats against the environment. The existing International rules – from the MARPOL 73/78 Convention to the European Regulations and Directives and ISO standards- aim to avoid pollution both in the high seas and in the ports. Concepts such as Green port or Smart port arise from an effort to make better use of the available resources, increasing efficiency, better energy use, use of the information and telecommunications technologies (ICT), and the lowest environmental impact. Furthermore, technics and programmes of energy management have been developed for the same purposes also. This paper reviews the main rules in the matter, as well as the most innovative technologies aiming to improve the shipping performance. All this, together with the investment effort from ports and ships, and the enforcement of a more stringent.
Physical description
  • Civil Engineering Department, Transport, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n 28040 Madrid, Spain
  • Civil Engineering Department, Transport, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n 28040 Madrid, Spain
  • Civil Engineering Department, Transport, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n 28040 Madrid, Spain
  • Civil Engineering Department, Transport, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n 28040 Madrid, Spain
  • [1] Huntington, H. P., Daniel, R., Hartsig, A., Harun, K., Heiman, M., Meehan, R., & Stetson, G. (2015). Vessels, risks, and rules: Planning for safe shipping in Bering Strait. Marine Policy, 51, 119-127
  • [2] Arthington, A. H., Bhaduri, A., Bunn, S. E., Jackson, S. E., Tharme, R. E., Tickner, D. & Horne, A. C. (2018). The Brisbane declaration and global action agenda on environmental flows (2018). Frontiers in Environmental Science, 6, 45
  • [3] Caiado, R. G. G., Leal Filho, W., Quelhas, O. L. G., de Mattos Nascimento, D. L., & Ávila, L. V. (2018). A literature-based review on potentials and constraints in the implementation of the sustainable development goals. Journal of cleaner production, 198, 1276-1288
  • [4] Ülker, D., & Baltaoğlu, S. (2018). Ship born oil pollution in Turkish straits sea area and MARPOL 73/78. Oil Spill along the Turkish Straits, 363.
  • [5] Jie, H., & Jiaxiang, H. (2018). Can Free Trade Agreements Enhance MARPOL 73/78 Compliance. Tul. Mar. LJ, 43, 59.
  • [6] González-Cancelas, N., Serrano, B. M., & Soler-Flores, F. (2019). Seaport sustainable: Use of artificial intelligence to evaluate liquid natural gas utilization in short sea shipping. Transportation Journal, 58(3), 197-221
  • [7] de Wolff, D. (2018). Hiding behind the Flag: Jurisdictional Impediments Imposed by the Law of the Flag on the Enforcement of Violations of Annex I or Marpol 73/78 Pursuant to the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships. Fordham Int'l LJ, 42, 1475.
  • [8] Jarzemskis, A., & Jarzemskiene, I. (2016). The model to assess the implementation of technical conditions defined in Annex IV of MARPOL convention 73/78: the case of the Baltic sea port of Klaipeda. Transport and telecommunication journal, 17(4), 335-349
  • [9] Kibik, O., Khaiminova, I., Kotlubay, V., Redina, I., & Belous, E. (2018). Development potential of Ukrainian maritime enterprises. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(4.3), 461-466
  • [10] Johnsson, F., Karlsson, I., Rootzén, J., Ahlbäck, A., & Gustavsson, M. (2020). The framing of a sustainable development goals assessment in decarbonizing the construction industry–Avoiding “Greenwashing”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 131, 110029
  • [11] Wilkinson, D. (1992). Maastricht and the environment: The implications for the EC's environment policy of the treaty on European Union. Journal of Environmental Law, 4(2), 221-239
  • [12] Roseland, M. (2000). Sustainable community development: integrating environmental, economic, and social objectives. Progress in planning, 54(2), 73-132.
  • [13] Dean, T. J., & McMullen, J. S. (2007). Toward a theory of sustainable entrepreneurship: Reducing environmental degradation through entrepreneurial action. Journal of business venturing, 22(1), 50-76.
  • [14] Acciaro, M. (2015). Corporate responsibility and value creation in the port sector. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, 18(3), 291-311.
  • [15] Kourbeti, C. (2018). Diversity and Standardization: The greening of European ports (1993-2010).
  • [16] Molavi, A., Lim, G. J., & Race, B. (2020). A framework for building a smart port and smart port index. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 14(9), 686-700
  • [17] Acciaro, M., Ghiara, H., & Cusano, M. I. (2014). Energy management in seaports: A new role for port authorities. Energy Policy, 71, 4-12
  • [18] Lecue, M., & Darbra, R. M. (2019). Accidents in European ports involving chemical substances: Characteristics and trends. Safety science, 115, 278-284
  • [19] Rivers, J. M., Dalrymple, R. W., Yousif, R., Al-Shaikh, I., Butler, J. D., Warren, C., & Bari, E. M. A. (2020). Mixed siliciclastic-carbonate-evaporite sedimentation in an arid eolian landscape: The Khor Al Adaid tide-dominated coastal embayment, Qatar. Sedimentary Geology, 408, 105730.
  • [20] Bruun, P. (2013). Design and construction of mounds for breakwaters and coastal protection. Elsevier.
  • [21] Doldán-García, X. R., Chas-Amil, M. L., & Touza, J. (2011). Estimating the economic impacts of maritime port development: The case of A Coruña, Spain. Ocean & coastal management, 54(9), 668-677
  • [22] Vojković, G., Grubišić, N., & Vojković, L. (2016). Public and Private Ports in Croatian Law. Promet-Traffic & Transportation, 28(3), 215-224
  • [23] Di Vaio, A., & Varriale, L. (2018). Management innovation for environmental sustainability in seaports: Managerial accounting instruments and training for competitive green ports beyond the regulations. Sustainability, 10(3), 783.
  • [24] Merli, R., Lucchetti, M. C., Preziosi, M., & Arcese, G. (2018). Causes of Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) stagnation and enabling measures to stimulate new registrations: Characterization of public administrations and private-owned organizations. Journal of Cleaner Production, 190, 137-148
  • [25] Daddi, T., De Giacomo, M. R., Frey, M., & Iraldo, F. (2018). Analysing the causes of environmental management and audit scheme (EMAS) decrease in Europe. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61(13), 2358-2377
  • [26] Fetter, C. W., Boving, T., & Kreamer, D. (2017). Contaminant hydrogeology. Waveland Press.
  • [27] Vaneeckhaute, C., & Fazli, A. (2020). Management of ship-generated food waste and sewage on the Baltic Sea: A review. Waste Management, 102, 12-20
  • [28] Martínez-López, A., Ruiz-García, A., & Pérez, I. (2020). Social Cost Benefit Analysis of Port Handling Plans for Annex IV waste of MARPOL: A Case Study in Las Palmas Port. Sustainability, 12(6), 2382.
  • [29] Manasa, R. L., & Mehta, A. (2020). Wastewater: Sources of Pollutants and Its Remediation. In Environmental Biotechnology Vol. 2 (pp. 197-219). Springer, Cham.
  • [30] Babayemi, J. O., Ogundiran, M. B., & Osibanjo, O. (2016). Overview of environmental hazards and health effects of pollution in developing countries: a case study of Nigeria. Environmental Quality Management, 26(1), 51-71
  • [31] Thomas, J. J., Sabu, V. R., Nagarajan, G., Kumar, S., & Basrin, G. (2020). Influence of waste vegetable oil biodiesel and hexanol on a reactivity controlled compression ignition engine combustion and emissions. Energy, 206, 118199
  • [32] Aigberua, A. O. (2019). Quantitative Oil Source Fingerprinting and Diagnostic Ratios: Application for Identification of Soil Residual Hydrocarbon (SRH) in Waste Dump Areas within Oil Well Clusters. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 7(2), 220-228
  • [33] Harrison, R. M. (Ed.). (2015). Pollution: causes, effects and control. Royal society of chemistry.
  • [34] Donald, I. W. (2010). Waste immobilization in glass and ceramic based hosts: radioactive, toxic and hazardous wastes. John Wiley & Sons.
  • [35] Ilyas, M., Ahmad, W., Khan, H., Yousaf, S., Khan, K., & Nazir, S. (2018). Plastic waste as a significant threat to environment–a systematic literature review. Reviews on Environmental Health, 33(4), 383-406.
  • [36] Perkins, G., Batalha, N., Kumar, A., Bhaskar, T., & Konarova, M. (2019). Recent advances in liquefaction technologies for production of liquid hydrocarbon fuels from biomass and carbonaceous wastes. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 115, 109400
  • [37] Sanches, V. L., Aguiar, M. R. D. C. M., de Freitas, M. A. V., & Pacheco, E. B. A. V. (2020). Management of cruise ship-generated solid waste: A review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 151, 110785
  • [38] Argüello, G. (2020). Environmentally sound Management of Ship Wastes: challenges and opportunities for European ports. Journal of Shipping and Trade, 5(1), 1-21
  • [39] Laxe, F. G., Sánchez, R. J., & Garcia-Alonso, L. (2016). The adaptation process in port governance: the case of the Latin countries in South America and Europe. Journal of Shipping and Trade, 1(1), 14
  • [40] Polzer, V. R., Pisani, M. A. J., & Persson, K. M. (2016). The importance of extended producer responsibility and the national policy of solid waste in Brazil. International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 18(2), 101-119
  • [41] Bergqvist, R., & Monios, J. (2019). Green ports in theory and practice. In Green ports (pp. 1-17). Elsevier.
  • [42] Gutierrez-Romero, J. E., Esteve-Pérez, J., & Zamora, B. (2019). Implementing Onshore Power Supply from renewable energy sources for requirements of ships at berth. Applied Energy, 255, 113883
  • [43] Tang, R., Wu, Z., & Li, X. (2018). Optimal operation of photovoltaic/ battery/ diesel/ cold-ironing hybrid energy system for maritime application. Energy, 162, 697-714
  • [44] Kirkpatrick, M. (2018). Appraisal of Lochranza Ferry Terminal for a hybrid-fuel ferry. In Coasts, Marine Structures and Breakwaters 2017: Realising the Potential (pp. 587-597). ICE Publishing.
  • [45] Baldi, F. (2016). Modelling, analysis and optimisation of ship energy systems. Chalmers University of Technology.
  • [46] German-Galkin, S., & Tarnapowicz, D. (2020). Energy Optimization of the ‘Shore to Ship’System - A Universal Power System for Ships at Berth in a Port. Sensors, 20(14), 3815
  • [47] Nižić, F., Frančić, V., & Orović, J. (2017). Ships’ Solutions for meeting the International requirements regarding the reduction of Air Pollution. Pomorski zbornik, 53(1), 53-65
  • [48] Burel, F., Taccani, R., & Zuliani, N. (2013). Improving sustainability of maritime transport through utilization of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) for propulsion. Energy, 57, 412-420
  • [49] Komar, I., & Lalić, B. (2015). Sea transport air pollution. Current Air Quality Issues, Rijeka: InTech, 165-202
  • [50] Endresen, Ø., Sørgård, E., Sundet, J. K., Dalsøren, S. B., Isaksen, I. S., Berglen, T. F., & Gravir, G. (2003). Emission from international sea transportation and environmental impact. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 108(D17)
  • [51] Bernard, S. M., Samet, J. M., Grambsch, A., Ebi, K. L., & Romieu, I. (2001). The potential impacts of climate variability and change on air pollution-related health effects in the United States. Environmental health perspectives, 109(suppl 2), 199-209
  • [52] Endresen, Ø., Sørgård, E., Sundet, J. K., Dalsøren, S. B., Isaksen, I. S., Berglen, T. F., & Gravir, G. (2003). Emission from international sea transportation and environmental impact. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 108(D17)
  • [53] Oses, F. X. M. (2005). High speed crafts viability analysis. Journal of Maritime Research, 2(3), 59-76
  • [54] Veldhuis, I. (2007). Application of hydrogen marine systems in high-speed sea container transport (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southampton).
  • [55] Hansson, J., Brynolf, S., Fridell, E., & Lehtveer, M. (2020). The Potential Role of Ammonia as Marine Fuel - Based on Energy Systems Modeling and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis. Sustainability, 12(8), 3265
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.