Litter decomposition and release of nutrients form Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaf on Eucalypt plantation soils
Languages of publication
The decomposition and nutrient release from the leaf litter of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in six different plots under Eucalypt plantation soils were investigated. Six soil samples as well as leaf litter from each plot were collected from the plantation. Using standard methods, the soil samples as well as the leaf litter samples were analyzed for chemical properties (pH, Organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium). Microbiological characteristics (Total viable bacteria and fungi, and Carbon (IV) oxide evolution) of the decaying leaf litter samples were also determined. All analyses were done at day 1, 30 and 60 of the decomposition period. Litterbag study was employed; each litterbag contained a soil and its corresponding leaf litter obtained from the particular plot were designated as E1 – E6. The decomposition rates of the litter in E1, E2, E3, E4, E5 and E6 were found to be 0.00393, 0.00331, 0.00479, 0.00571, 0.00548 and 0.00271 respectively. The results showed that there was a general decrease in nutrient status of the litter and an increase in soil nutrient during the decomposition period. Pearson’s correlation matrix revealed that there was a positive correlation in the release of nutrient from the leaf litters and their return to the soil at day 1, 30 and 60 in almost all the samples. It was also found that the total viable bacteria and fungi were statistically associated. These were attributed to their different soil microbiological and chemical properties. It is concluded from this study that decomposition and release of nutrient from E. camaldulensis leaf litters in different plots under Eucalypt plantation soils are differed according to plot condition.
-  Alexander M. (1977). Introduction to Soil Microbiology. New York, USA. John Wiley. 491 p
-  Alexander, M. (1982). Most Probable Number Method for Microbial Populations In: Page, A.C., R.H
-  Anderson J. M., P. W. Flanagan (1989). Biological processes regulating organic matter dynamics in tropical soils. In Coleman D, JM Oades, G Uehara eds. Dynamics of Soil Organic Matter in Tropical Ecosystems. Hawaii. Niftal. p. 97-123
-  Arunachalam, A., Maithani, K. Panday, H. N. and Tripathi, R. S. (1998). Leaf litter decomposition and nutrient mineralization patterns in regrowing stands of a humid sub-tropical forest after tree cutting. Forest Ecology and Management 109(1-3): 151-161
-  Attiwill P. M. (1968). The loss of elements from decomposing litter. Ecology 49: 142-145
-  Baker III TT, BB Lockaby, WH Conner, TE Meier, JA Stanturf, MS Burke. (2001). Leaf litter decomposition and nutrient dynamics in four southern forested floodplain communities. Soil Science 65: 1334-1347.
-  Baker TG and PM Attiwill. (1985). Loss of organic matter and elements from decomposing litter of Eucalyptus obliqua L’Hérit and Pinus radiata D. Don. Australian Forest Research. 15: 309-319
-  Bardgett, R. D., Streeter, T. C., Bol, R. (2003). Soil microbes compete effectively with plants for organic-nitrogen inputs to temperate grasslands. Ecology 84: 1277-1287.
-  Bardgett, R. D., Wardle, D. A. (2010). Aboveground Belowground Linkages: Biotic Interactions, Ecosystem Processes, and Global Change. Oxford University Press, New York. 325 p.
-  Behera, N., Sahani, U. (2003). Soil microbial biomass and activity in response to Eucalyptus plantation and natural regeneration on tropical soil. For. Ecol. Manag. 74, 1-11.
-  Black, C. A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis (Vol. I and II). American Society of Agronomy. Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
-  Blair, J.M. (1988). Nitrogen, Sulphur and phosphorus dynamics in decomposing deciduous leaf litter in the Southern Appalachians. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20: 693-701
-  Bocock K. L, O. Gilbert, C. K Capstick, D. C Twinn, J. S Waid, M. J Woodman. (1960). Changes in leaf litter when placed on the surface of soils with contrasting humus types. I. Losses in dry weight of oak and ash leaf litter. J. Soil Sci. 11: 1-9
-  Brinson M. (1977). Decomposition and nutrient exchange of litter in an alluvial swamp forest. Ecology 58: 601-609.
-  Chaminade, R. (1955). Potassium symposium. International Potash Institute, Rome, pp 203-214.
-  Charley, J. L and B N. Richards (1983). Nutrient allocation in plant communities: Mineral cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. In: O.L. Lange, P. S. Nobel, C. B. Osmond. H.Ziegler (ed). Physiological Plant Ecology IV. Ecosystem processes: Mineral cycling, Productivity and Mans influence. Springer Verlag, New York, pp. 5-45.
-  Chen, Y., W. Han, L. Tang, Z. Tang and J. Fang. (2011). Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations of woody plants differ in responses to climate, soil and plant growth form. Ecography, 34, 1-7.
-  Cortez, C. T., Nunes, L. A. P. L., Rodrigues, L. B., Eisenhauer, N. and Araújo, A.S.F. (2014). Soil microbial properties in Eucalyptus grandis plantations of different ages. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 14 (3), 734-742.
-  Cozzo D. (1976). Tecnología de la forestación en Argentina y América Latina. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Hemisferio Sur. 610 p.
-  Dass, S. K., Sharma, K. L., Srinivas, K., Reddy, M. N. and Singh, O. (1995). Phosphorus and sulphur availability in soil following incorporation of various organic residues. Journal of Indian Society for Soil Science 43: 223-228.
-  De Deyn, G. B., Quirk, H., Yi, Z., Oakley, S., Ostle, N. J., Bardgett, R. D. (2009). Vegetation composition promotes carbon and nitrogen storage in model grassland communities of contrasting soil fertility. J. Ecol. 97: 864-875.
-  Debnath, N.C. and Hajra, J.N. (1972). Transformation of organic matter in soil in relation to mineralization of carbon and nutrient availability. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 20(2): 95-102.
-  Dutta, M. and Dhiman, K. R. (2001). Effect of some multipurpose trees on soil properties and crop productivity in Tripura area. Journal of Indian Society for Soil Science 49(3): 511-515
-  Flaig, W. (1984). Soil organic matter as a source of nutrients. Pp. 73-92. IRRI, Philippines
-  Goya JF, JL Frangi, F Dalla Tea, MA Marcó, F Larocca. (1997a). Biomasa, productividad y contenido de nutrientes en plantaciones de Eucalyptus grandis en el NE de la Provincia de Entre Ríos. In XII Jornadas Forestales de Entre Ríos. Concordia, Argentina. p. III-1-19.
-  Goya JF, JL Frangi, F Dalla Tea, MA Marcó, F Larocca. (1997b). Relación entre biomasa aérea, área foliar y tipos de suelos en plantaciones de Eucalyptus grandis del NE de Entre Ríos, Argentina. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía de La Plata 102: 11-21.
-  Goya, J. F., Frangia, J. L., Péreza, C., & Dalla Teab, F. (2008). Decomposition and nutrient release from leaf litter in Eucalyptus grandis plantations on three different soils in Entre Ríos, Argentina. Bosque, 29(3), 217-226
-  Graciano C, JJ Guiamet, JF Goya. (2005). Impact of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on drought responses in Eucalyptus grandis seedlings. For. Ecol. Manage. 212: 40-49.
-  Henway, J.J. and Heidal, W. (1952). Soil analysis methods as used in Iowa State College 57: 1-13.
-  Hosur, G.C. and Desog, G.S. (1995). Effect of tree species on soil properties. Journal of Indian Society for Soil Science 43: 256-259.
-  Jackobsen, I., Joiner, E.J. and Larsen, J. (1994). Hyphal phosphorus transport, a key stone to mycorrhizal enhancement of plant growth, pp 133-146. In: Impact of AM on Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Ecosystem (Ed. S. Gianinazzi and H. Schuepp). Birkhauser Verlag, Switzerland.
-  Jairus, T., Mpumba, R., Chinoya, S., & Tedersoo, L. (2011). Invasion potential and host shifts of Australian and African ectomycorrhizal fungi in mixed eucalypt plantations. New Phytologist, 192(1), 179-187.
-  Kumar, B. M. and Deepu, J. K. (1992). Litter production and decomposition dynamics in moist deciduous forests of the western Ghats in Pennisular India. Forest Ecology and Management 50: 181-201.
-  Kumar, R., Kumar, A. and Dhillon, R.S. (1998). Morphological and physiochemical characteristics of soils under different plantations in arid ecosystems. Indian Journal of Forestry 21: 248-252.
-  Kunhamu, T.K. (1994). Nutrient content and decomposition of leaf biomass of selected woody tree species. M.Sc thesis submitted to Kerala Agricultural University, Trichu, India
-  Lal, J.B., Mishra, B. and Sarkar, A.K. (2000). Effect of plant residues incorporation on specific microbial groups and availability of some plant nutrients in soil. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 48: 67-71.
-  Malik, M.A., Khan, K.S., Marschner, P., Fayyazul-Hassan. (2013). Microbial biomass, nutrient availability and nutrient uptake by wheat in two soils with organic amendments. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 13, 955-966.
-  Manhas, R.S., Manhas, H. and Verma, S.d. (1997). Characterisation in relation to forest vegetation in the well temperate zone of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Indian Society for Soil Science 45: 146-151.
-  Marcó MA. (1988). Incidencia del origen de la semilla y el sitio en el crecimiento de E. grandis en el Nordeste de Entre Ríos. In III Jornadas Forestales de Entre Ríos. Concordia, Argentina. p. 1-15.
-  Mary, M.V. and Sankaran, K.V. (1991). Ex-situ decomposition of leaf litters of Tectona grandis, Eucalyptus tereticornis and Albizia falcataria. Kerala Forest Research Institute Peechi, Thrissur. pp 41.
-  McBrayer, J.F. and Cromack, K.J.R. (1980). Effect of snowpack on oak-litter release in a Minnesota forest. Pedobiologia 20: 47-54
-  Melillo JM, JD Aber, AE Linkins, A. Ricca, B Fry, KJ Nadelhoffer. (1989). Carbon and nitrogen dynamics along the decay continuum: plant litter to soil organic matter. Plant Soil. 115: 189-198.
-  Norden, U. (1994). Leaf litter fall concentrations and fluxes of elements in deciduous tree species. Scandinavian Journal of forest research. 9: 9-16
-  Nwaedozie, Mohammed, Dahiru M Faruruwa and Jonathan M Nwaedozie. (2013). Environmental Impact of Toxic Metal Load in Some Military Training Areas within the One Division of Nigerian Army, Kaduna, Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 3(2): 2222-6990.
-  Nykvist, N. (1963). Leaching and decomposition of water-soluble organic substances from different types of leaf and needle litter. Studies for Forest Success 4: 339-349.
-  O’Connell AM, TS Grove. (1996). Biomass production, nutrient uptake and nutrient cycling in the jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) and karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor) forests of south-western Australia. In Attiwill PM, MA Adams eds. Nutrition of Eucalypts. Canberra, Australia. CSIRO. p. 155-189.
-  Olsen, S.R., Coleman, C.W., Watanate, F.S. and Dean, L.A. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular 939: 19.
-  Olson, J.S. (1963). Energy storage and the balance of producers and decomposers in ecological systems. Ecology. 44: 322-331.
-  Onyekwelu, J. C., Mosandl, R., Stimm, B., (2006). Productivity, site evaluation and state of nutrition of Gmelina arborea plantations in Oluwa and Omo forest reserves. Nigeria Forest Ecol. Manage. 229, 214–227
-  Osono, T. and H. Takeda. (2001). Organic chemical and nutrient dynamics in decomposing beech leaf litter in relation to fungal in growth and succession during 3-year decomposition processes in a cool temperate deciduous forest in Japan. Ecol. Res., 16: 649-670
-  Ozalp, M., Conner, W.H., Lockaby, B.G. (2007). Above-ground productivity and litter decomposition in a tidal freshwater forested wetland on Bull Island, SC, USA. Forest Ecol. Manage. 245, 31-43.
-  Pandey, R.R., Sharma, G., Tripathi, S.K., Singh, A.K., (2007). Litterfall, litter decomposition and nutrient dynamics in a subtropical natural oak forest and managed plantation in northeastern India. Forest Ecol. Manage. 240, 96-104
-  Perry DA, Oren R, Hart SC. 2008. Forest ecosystems. second edition. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
-  Prasad, A., Totey, N.G., Khatri, P.K. and Bhowmik, A.K. (1991). Effect of added tree leaves on the composition of humus and availability of nutrients in soil. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 39: 429-434
-  Qingkui, W., Silong, W. and Yu, Z. (2008). Comparisons of litterfall, litter decomposition and nutrient return in a monoculture Cunninghamia lanceolata and a mixed stand in southern China. Forest Ecology and Management. 255: 1210-1218.
-  Raubuch, N., Beese, F. (1995). Pattern of microbial indicator in forest soils along European transect. Biol. Fertil. Soil 19, 362-368
-  Rejmankova, E., Sirova´, D. (2007). Wetland macrophyte decomposition under different nutrient conditions: relationships between decomposition rate, enzyme activities and microbial biomass. Soil Biol. Biochem. 39, 525-538.
-  Ribeiro, C., Madeira, M., Arau ´jo, M.C. (2002). Decomposition and nutrient release from leaf litter of Eucalyptus globules grown under different water and nutrient regimes. Forest Ecol. Manage. 171, 31-41.
-  Rigobelo and Nahas. (2004). Seasonal fluctuations of bacterial population and microbial activity in soils cultivated with Eucalyptus and Pinus. Sci. Agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.), v. 61, n. 1, p. 88-93
-  Robertson GP, Paul EA. (1999) Decomposition and soil organic matter dynamics In: Sala OE, Jackson RB, Mooney HA, Howarth RW (eds.) Methods of ecosystem science. Springer Verlag, New York, pp. 104-116.
-  Shukla, G. C. and Vimal, O. P. (1969). Chemical analysis of some weeds and the release of N, P and K on their addition to soil. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 39: 162-177
-  Sicardi, M., Garcia-Prechac, F., Frioni, L. (2004). Soil microbial indicators sensitive to land use conversion from pastures to commercial Eucalyptus grandis (Hill ex Maiden) plantations in Uruguay. App. Soil Ecol. 27: 125-133
-  Singh, K. P. (1969). Studies in decomposition of leaf litter of important trees of tropical deciduous forests at Varanasi. Trop. Ecol. 10: 292-311.
-  Singh, A. K., Ram, H. and Maurya, B. R. (1998). Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on microbial population. Indian Journal of Agricultural Chemistry 31: 90-94.
-  Singh, K. P., Singh, P. K., Tripathi, S. K., (1999). Litterall, litter decomposition and nutrient release patterns in four native tree species raised on coal mine spoil at Singrauli, India. Biol. Fertil. Soils 29, 371-378
-  Sivakumar, C. (1992). Growth and nutrition of black pepper as influenced by decaying litter materials in soil. M.Sc. thesis submitted to Kerala Agricultural University, Veelanikkara
-  Staff, H. and Berg, B. (1982). Accumulation and release of plant nutrients in decomposing Scots pine forest II. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 1561-1568
-  Steinbeiss, S., BeßLer, H., Engels, C., Temperton, V.M., Buchmann, N., Roscher, C., Kreutziger, Y., Baade, J., Habekost, M., Gleixner, G. (2008). Plant diversity positively affects short-term soil carbon storage in experimental grasslands. Gl. Ch. Biol. 14: 2937-2949.
-  Subbiah, B. V. and Asija, G. L. (1956). A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science 25: 259-260.
-  Suberkropp, K. and Chauvet, E. (1995). The influence of nutrient on fungal growth, productivity and sporulation during leaf litter breakdown in streams. Can. J. Bot. 57: 8-11
-  Sundarapandian, S. M., Swamy, P. S., (1999). Litter production and leaf-litter decomposition of selected tree species in tropical forests at Kodayar in the Western Ghats, India. Forest Ecol. Manage. 123, 231-244.
-  Surekha, K., Reddy, N.M., Rao, K.V. and Craz, S.P.C. (2004). Evaluation of crop residue management practices for improving yields, nutrient balance and soil health under intensive rice-rice system. Journal of Indian Society for Soil Science 54(4): 448-453
-  Swift, M. J., Heal, O. W. and Anderson, J. M. (1979). Decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems. Studies in Ecology. University of California Press, Berkeley, USA 5: 46-87.
-  Swift, M. J., Heal, O. W., Anderson, J. M., (1979). Decomposition in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
-  Tateno, R., Tokuchi, N., Yamanaka, N., Du, S., Otsuki, K., Shimamura, T., Xue, Z., Wang, S., Hou, Q. (2007). Comparison of litterfall production and leaf litter decomposition between an exotic black locust plantation and an indigenous oak forest near Yan’an on the Loess Plateau, China. Forest Ecol. Manage. 241, 84-90
-  Thomas, W.A. (1969). Accumulation and cycling of calcium by Dogwood trees. Ecological Monograph 39: 101-120
-  Tiedje, J. M., Asuming-Brempong, S., Nüsslein, K., March, T. L. & Flynn, S. J. (1999). Opening the black box of soil microbial diversity. Appl Soil Ecol. 13: 109-122.
-  Vander, D. (1963). The disappearance of litter in mull and more in connection with weather conditions and the activity of macrofauna. Soil Organisms (Ed. Dooeksen and D. Vander). North Holland Publication, Amsterdam, pp. 125-133.
-  Vesilind, P. A., Worrell, W. and Reinhart, D. (2002). Solid Waste Engineering, Thomson Learning Inc., Singapore.
-  Walkley, A. and Black, C. A. (1934). An examination of the method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37: 29-39.
-  Yu, Z., Jian, Z., Wan, Q. Y., Fu, Z. W., Mao, S. F., & Xiao, H. C. (2009). Allelopathic effects of Eucalyptus grandis on Medicago sativa growing in different soil water conditions. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 18(4), 81-86.
Publication order reference