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2015 | 69 | 14–25
Article title

Hiperkalcemia w wybranych nowotworach limfo- i mieloproliferacyjnych – patofizjologia, diagnostyka i leczenie

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EN
Hypercalcaemia in selected lympho- and myeloproliferative malignancies – pathophysiology, diagnostic approach and treatment
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PL
Abstracts
EN
Hypercalcaemia is a serious metabolic complication of neoplastic diseases. Among hematological malignancies, hypercalcemia is particularly associated with multiple myeloma, it has rarely been reported in patients with non-Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's lymphomas, or in cases of acute and chronic myeloproliferative diseases. The pathogenetic mechanism of hypercalcaemia is complex. A key process is an increase in osteoclast activity as a result of disturbances in the NF-kB ligand (RANKL) receptor activator system, its receptor (RANK) and osteoprotegerin. In addition, many other humoral factors were identified – hormones (for example the parathyroid hormone related peptide), vitamin D active metabolites, cytokines/chemokines and their receptors, and also transcription factors which are responsible for bone resorption and the development of hypercalcaemia in cases of particular neoplasms. This article presents the current opinions on the pathogenesis, symptomatology and current treatment methods of hypercalcaemia. Besides that, new experimental methods of therapy are described.
PL
Hiperkalcemia jest poważnym powikłaniem metabolicznym rozwijającym się w przebiegu wielu chorób nowotworowych – w hematologii najczęściej spotykana jest w szpiczaku plazmocytowym, rzadziej w chłoniakach niehodgkinowskich i chorobie Hodgkina oraz w ostrych i przewlekłych schorzeniach mieloproliferacyjnych. Mechanizm patogenetyczny hiperkalcemii jest złożony – za kluczowy proces uważa się wzrost aktywności osteoklastów, wynikający z zaburzeń w układzie: ligand receptora aktywującego czynnik transkrypcyjny NF-kappaB (RANKL), jego receptor (RANK) i osteoprotegeryna (OPG). Poza tym zidentyfikowano wiele innych czynników, w różnym stopniu zangażowanych w rozwój hiperkalcemii, w zależności od typu choroby – hormony (m.in. białko podobne do parathormonu), aktywne metabolity witaminy D, cytokiny/chemokiny i ich receptory oraz czynniki transkrypcyjne. W pracy przedstawiono współczesne poglądy na patogenezę hiperkalcemii, symptomatologię oraz aktualnie stosowane i pozostające w fazie badań metody jej leczenia.
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Year
Volume
69
Pages
14–25
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Katedra i Klinika Hematologii i Transplantacji Szpiku Wydziału Lekarskiego w Katowicach Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach, ul. Dąbrowskiego 25, 40-032 Katowice, tel. 32 259 13 15, dkata@wp.pl
  • Koło Naukowe Studenckiego Towarzystwa Naukowego przy Katedrze i Klinice Hematologii i Transplantacji Szpiku Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach
  • Koło Naukowe Studenckiego Towarzystwa Naukowego przy Katedrze i Klinice Hematologii i Transplantacji Szpiku Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach
  • Katedra i Klinika Hematologii i Transplantacji Szpiku Wydziału Lekarskiego w Katowicach Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach
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article
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-e0916070-3f59-4c76-806f-0f94f6c74bf8
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