PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2021 | 36 | 75-87
Article title

Sustaining a Healthy Environment whilst Utilizing Wastes as Energy Sources: Physicochemical Analysis of Solid Wastes in Awka, Nigeria

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The physicochemical properties of solid wastes were determined to unravel the individual components of solid wastes such as density, moisture content, and percentage mass. The chemical composition of each waste component was also determined. Methods adopted in the determination included the load count and mass volume methods, the proximate and ultimate analysis method. Collectively, the percentage chemical constituents were obtained from the different solid waste samples analyzed. Energy values obtained from the constituents are 47.6 and 47.10 kJ/kg when Dulong’s and Davies’ formula were applied, respectively. The results revealed that paper and cardboard, metals, plastics, and wood make up the highest composition in the five major waste dumpsites studied in Awka, Nigeria. It also showed that carbon and oxygen contents are high in most of the solid waste components when compared to other chemical constituents and that these wastes can be converted to useful energy in furtherance of sustainable development.
Contributors
  • Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
  • Safety Council of Southwestern Ohio Middletown, OH, USA
  • Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
References
  • [1] Akakuru, O.U. and Onyido, I. Controlled release formulations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid with ecofriendly matrices for agricultural and environmental sustainability. Macromol. Res. 29(1) (2021) 40-53
  • [2] Wilson, D.C. Rodic, L. Modak, P. Soos, R. Carpintero, A. Velis, C. Iyer, M. and Simonett, O. Global Waste Management Outlook, United Nations, Environment Program and International Solid Waste Association, Osaka and Wien. (2015) 49-56
  • [3] Münster, M. and Lund, H. Comparing Waste-to-Energy technologies by applying energy system analysis. Waste Manag. 30(7) (2010) 1251-1263
  • [4] Brunner, P.H. and Rechberger, H. Waste to energy - key element for sustainable waste management. Waste Manag. 37(2) (2015) 3-12
  • [5] Nojedehi, P. Heidari, M. Ataei, A. Nedaei, M. and Kurdestani, E. Environmental assessment of energy production from landfill gas plants by using Long-range Energy Alternative Planning (LEAP) and IPCC methane estimation methods: A case study of Tehran. Sustain. Energy Technol. Assessments 16(2) (2016) 33-42
  • [6] Hiremath, R.B. Kumar, B. Balachandra, P. and Ravindranath, N.H. Decentralized sustainable energy planning of Tumkur district, India. Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy, 30(2) (2011) 248-258
  • [7] Amuzu‐Sefordzi, B. Huang, J. Sowa, M. A. and Baddoo, T.D. Biomass‐derived hydrogen energy potential in Africa. Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy, 35(1) (2016) 289-297
  • [8] Ahmed, S.I. Johari, A. Hashim, H. Mat, R. Lim, J.S. Ngadi, N. And Ali, A. Optimal landfill gas utilization for renewable energy production. Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy, 34(1) (2015) 289-296
  • [9] Poma, C. Verda, V. and Consonni, S. Design and performance evaluation of a waste-to-energy plant integrated with a combined cycle. Energy, 35(2) (2010) 786-793
  • [10] Brunner, P.H. and J. Fellner, J. Setting priorities for waste management strategies in developing countries. Waste Manag. Res. 25(3) (2007) 234-240
  • [11] Ghorashi, A.H. and Rahimi, A. Renewable and non-renewable energy status in Iran: Art of know-how and technology-gaps. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 15(1) (2011) 729-736
  • [12] Moghadam, M.R.A. Mokhtarani, N. and Mokhtarani, B. Municipal solid waste management in Rasht City, Iran. Waste Manag. 29(1) (2009) 485-489
  • [13] Psomopoulos, C.S. Bourka, A. and Themelis, N.J. Waste-to-energy: A review of the status and benefits in USA. Waste Manag. 29(5) (2009) 1718-1724
  • [14] Kim, S. and Dale, B.E. Global potential bioethanol production from wasted crops and crop residues. Biomass and Bioenergy, 26(4) (2004) 361-375
  • [15] Li, X. Recycling and reuse of waste concrete in China: Part I. Material behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 53(1) (2008) 36-44
  • [16] Björklund, A. and Finnveden, G. Recycling revisited - Life cycle comparisons of global warming impact and total energy use of waste management strategies. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 44(4) (2005) 309-317
  • [17] Ardebili, M.S. Ghobadian, B. Najafi, G. and Chegeni, A. Biodiesel production potential from edible oil seeds in Iran. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 15(6) (2011) 3041-3044
  • [18] Ferronato, N. Torretta, V. Ragazzi, M. and Rada, E.C. Waste mismanagement in developing countries: A case study of environmental contamination. UPB Sci. Bull. 79(2) (2017) 185-196
  • [19] Abduli, M. A. and Azimi, E. Municipal waste reduction potential and related strategies in Tehran. Int. J. Environ. Res. 4(4) (2010) 901-912
  • [20] Meraz, L. Oropeza, M. and Dominguez, A. Prediction of the combustion enthalpy of municipal solid waste. Chem. Educ. 7(2) (2002) 66-70
  • [21] Pera, J. Coutaz, L. Ambroise, J. and Chababbet, M. Use of incinerator bottom ash in concrete. Cem. Concr. Res. 27(1) (1997) 1-5
  • [22] Klinghoffer, N.B. Themelis, N.J and Castaldi, M.J. Waste to energy (WTE): an introduction in Waste to Energy Conversion Technology, Elsevier, (2013) 3-14
  • [23] K. G. Ugbena, A. C. Tse, Enuvie G. Akpokodje, Modeling Soluble Contaminant Migration by Advection Process in Subsurface Water in the Eastern Niger Delta, Nigeria. World Scientific News 139(2) (2020) 102-114
  • [24] Harrison Charles Ekoh, Spatial Variation of Air Quality in Mpape Area of Abuja, Nigeria. World Scientific News 140 (2020) 79-112
  • [25] Mevayerore Daniel Igbini, Natural – Resource Curse, Niger Delta Crisis and Oil Exploration in Nigeria: A Theoretical Analysis. World Scientific News 141 (2020) 1-11
  • [26] Bhola Khan, Microfinance Banks and its Impacts on Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria. World Scientific News 141 (2020) 115-131
  • [27] Amy L. Potrzeba-Macrina, Igor G. Zurbenko, Numerical Predictions for Global Climate Changes. World Scientific News 144 (2020) 208-225
  • [28] T. A. Adeosun, M. A. Adabanija, F. O. Akinpelu, Modeling and Simulation of Reservoir Pressure Associated with Emulsions Transport Near Wellbore for Enhanced Oil Recovery. World Scientific News 144 (2020) 427-449
  • [29] R. E. Ita, Differential Biomass Apportionments and Carbon Stocks in Vegetation of Natural and Artificial Ecosystems in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. World Scientific News 146 (2020) 1-21
  • [30] Gaddafi Adamu Babali, Akpensuen Shiaondo Henry, Shitu Abdulrazaq Ahmed, Ahmad Atiku Malle, Muhammed Adamu, Muhammad Goni Bukar, Best Time Series In-sample Model for Forecasting Nigeria Exchange Rate. World Scientific News 151 (2021) 45-63
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-deb8aa81-41dd-4341-8061-ef6b3ddded45
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.