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2014 | 4 | 3 | A100-107
Article title

Remote consequences of polychemical and radiation therapy: cardiac valve disease complicated by infective endocarditis. Diagnostic and management problems

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One of the quite frequent long-term effects of radiation therapy of malignant tumors, such as breast cancer and Hodgkin’s lymphoma primarily, when the irradiation of the mediastinum is performed, is the development of radiation-induced valvular disease. It is noted that the clinical manifestation of valve dysfunction can typically arise approximately 5 years after a course of anticancer radiotherapy. Thereafter in these patients increases the risk of infective endocarditis. However, in therapeutic and oncological clinical practice the difficulty of identifying and making the differential diagnosis of endocarditis in patients with “cancer” history is still quite common. At the moment cases of infective endocarditis after polychemotherapy and radiation therapy are not widely covered for cardiologists and internists in the medical literature. In addition before starting specific treatment due to the possible threat of infectious complications, including endocarditis, in oncology guidelines it is recommended to patients to make a thorough oral cavity sanitation, while the internists are little aware of this need, both at the stage of antitumor therapy and at late period. Today, with the increasing number of patients who are healed or achieved long-term remission after the anticancer treatment, including elderly people, it is necessary to raise the awareness among internists about occurrence options of comorbid disease in these group.
Physical description
  • St. Petersburg Hospital of Russian Academy of Sciences; Medical Director of St. Petersburg Hospital of Russian Academy of Sciences; Chief of Cardiology Department of Russian Academy of Sciences
  • St. Petersburg Hospital of Russian Academy of Sciences
  • St. Petersburg Hospital of Russian Academy of Sciences
  • St. Petersburg Hospital of Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Federal Almazov Heart, Lung and Endocrinology Center
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