Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2022 | 42 | 56-75

Article title

Vertical stratification of birds in Dense Ombrophilus Forest remmant in Brazil


Title variants

Languages of publication



The composition of life in the forest is altered as changes occur in vegetation that directly interferes with the population structure of the avifauna. The integrity and complexity of a forest are the factors that influence the composition, abundance, and probably the functions of the assembly of different bird species. In that way, in forest environments, where a vertical stratification of resources occurs, these species are distributed occupying a high diversity of trophic niches. This study realized in forest fragments of Atlantic Forest in a metropolitan area of São Paulo, Brazil, was to analyze the bird's distribution in trophic guilds, according to vertical stratification to different ecological successional stages of vegetation. The forest fragment in an advanced stage of secondary regeneration showed the highest number of bird species and was better distributed in trophic guilds and in the vertical structure of the forest, which indicates a better quality status in comparison to the other forest fragments in an initial and medium stage of ecological succession.







Physical description


  • Instituto de Pesquisas e Estudos da Vida Silvestre Rua Leonardo Mota, 66 - São Paulo-SP, ZIP 05586-090, Brazil


  • [1] A.F. Colombo, C.A. Joly. Brazilian Atlantic Forest lato sensu: the most ancient Brazilian forest, and a biodiversity hotspot, is highly threatened by climate change. Brazilian Journal of Biology 70(3) (2010) 697-708
  • [2] N. Myers, R.A. Mittermeier, C.G. Mittermeier, G.A.B. Fonseca, J. Kent. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403 (2000) 853-858
  • [3] C.A. Joly, M.P.M. Aidar, C.A. Klink, et al. Evolution of the Brazilian phytogeography classification systems: implications for biodiversity conservation. Ciência e Cultura 51(5/6) (1999) 331-348
  • [4] A.T. Oliveira Filho, M.A.L. Fontes. Patterns of floristic differentiation among Atlantic forests in Southeastern Brazil, and the influence of climate. Biotropica 32 (2000) 793-810
  • [5] J.M. Goerck. Patterns of rarity in the birds of the Atlantic forest of Brazil. Conservation Biology 11 (1997) 112-118
  • [6] T. Brooks, J.A. Tobias, A. Balmford. Deforestation and bird extinctions in the Atlantic Forest. Animal Conservation 2 (1999) 211-222
  • [7] M. Tabarelli, L.P. Pinto, J.M.C. Silva, M. Hirota, L. Bedê. Challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Conservation Biology 19 (2005) 695-700
  • [8] L. Anjos. Species richness and relative abundance of birds in natural and anthropogenic fragments of Brazilian Atlantic forest. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 76(2) (2004) 429-434
  • [9] J. Terborgh, S.K. Robinson, T.P. Parker III, C. Munn, N. Pierpont. Structure and organization of an Amazonian forest bird community. Ecological Monographs 60 (1990) 213-238
  • [10] J. Terborgh. Bird species diversity on an Andean elevational gradient. Ecology 58 (1977) 1007-1019
  • [11] M.F. Willson. Avian community organization and habitat structure. Ecology Monographs 55 (1974) 1017-1029
  • [12] H.K. Kwok. Foraging ecology of insectivorous birds in a mixed forest of Hong Kong. Acta Ecologica Sinica 29(6) (2009) 341-346
  • [13] G.G. Parker, M.J. Brown. Forest canopy stratification - is it useful? American Naturalist 155(4) (2000) 473-484
  • [14] Q. Huang, A. Swatantran, R. Dubayah, S.J. Goetz. The influence of vegetation height heterogeneity on forest and woodland bird species richness across the United States. PLoS One 9(8) (2014) e103236
  • [15] J.R. Karr, K.E. Freemark. Habitat selection and environmental gradients: dynamics in "stabled" tropics. Ecology 64(6) (1983) 1481-1494
  • [16] J. Blondel, C. Ferry, B. Frochot. La méthode des indices ponctuels d'abondance (I.P.A.) ou des relevés d'avifaune par "stations d'écoute". Alauda 38 (1970) 55-71
  • [17] J.M.E. Vielliard. Bird community as an indicator of biodiversity: results from quantitative surveys in Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 72 (2000) 323-330
  • [18] P. Drapeau, A. Leduc, R. McNeil. Refining the use of Point Counts at the scale of individual points in studies of bird-habitat relationships. Journal of Avian Biology 30(4) (1999) 367-382
  • [19] B. Dubs. Birds of Southwestern Brazil. Betrona-Verlag: Küsnacht, Switzerland (1992).
  • [20] T. Sigrist. Birds of Brazil: an artistic view. Avis Brasilis Editora: São Paulo, Brazil (2006).
  • [21] H. Sick. Ornitologia brasileira. Nova Fronteira: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1977).
  • [22] E.O. Willis. The compositions of avian communities in remanescents woodlots in southern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 33 (1979) 1-25
  • [23] F.R. Dario. Spatial distribution and trophic structure of bird’s communities of Atlantic Forest fragments in Brazil. World News of Natural Sciences 35 (2021) 1-24
  • [24] M.A. Manhães, A.L. Ribeiro. Spatial distribution and diversity of bird community in an urban area of Southeast Brazil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 48(2) (2005) 285-294
  • [25] K.V.C. Barbosa, C. Knogge, P.F. Develey, C.N. Jenkins, A. Uezu. Use of small Atlantic Forest fragments by birds in Southeast Brazil. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 15 (2017) 42-46
  • [26] J.F. Candido Jr. The edge effect in a forest bird community in Rio Claro, Sao Paulo state, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 8 (2000) 9-16
  • [27] P.C. Stouffer, R.O. Bierregaard Jr. Use of Amazonian forest fragments by understory insectivorous birds. Ecology 76 (1995) 2429-2445
  • [28] M. Tabarelli, A.V. Aguiar, M.C. Ribeiro, J.P. Metzger, C.A. Peres. Prospects for biodiversity conservation in the Atlantic forest: Lessons from aging human-modified landscapes. Biological Conservation 143 (2010) 2328-2340
  • [29] J.M. Thiollay. Influence of selective logging on bird species diversity in a guianian rainforests. Conservation Biology 6(1) (1992) 47-63
  • [30] A.D. Rodewald, M.H. Bakermans. What is the appropriate paradigm for riparian forest conservation? Biological Conservation 128 (2006) 193-200
  • [31] M.M. Hansbauer, I. Storch, S. Leu, J.P. Nieto-Holguin, R.G. Pimentel, F. Knauer, J.P.W. Metzger. Movements of neotropical understory passerines affected by anthropogenic forest edges in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Biological Conservation 141 (2008) 782-791
  • [32] E. Hasui, V.S.M. Gomes, W.R. Silva. Effects of vegetation traits on habitat preferences of frugivorous birds in Atlantic rainforest. Biotropica 39 (2007) 502-509
  • [33] R.H. MacArthur, J.W. MacArthur. On bird species diversity. Ecology 42 (1961) 594-598
  • [34] R.H. MacArthur, J.W. MacArthur, J. Preer. On bird species diversity. II. Prediction of bird census from habitat measurements. The American Naturalist 96 (1962) 167-174
  • [35] R.O. Bierregaard Jr., T.E. Lovejoy, V. Kapos, A.A. Santos, R. Hutchings. The biological dynamics of tropical rainforest fragments. BioScience 42 (1992) 859-866
  • [36] J.A. Wiens. The Ecology of Bird Communities. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, U.K. (1994).
  • [37] J. Barlow, C.A. Peres, L.M.P. Henriques, P.C. Stouffer, J.M. Wunderle. The responses of understorey birds to forest fragmentation, logging and wildfires: An Amazonian synthesis. Biological Conservation 128(2) (2006) 182-192
  • [38] S.G.W. Laurance. Responses of understory rain forest birds to road edges in central Amazonia. Ecological Applications 14(5) (2004) 1344-1357
  • [39] R.P. Moore, W.D. Robinson, I.J. Lovette, T.R. Robinson. Experimental evidence for extreme dispersal limitation in tropical forest birds. Ecology Letters 11(9) (2008) 960-968
  • [40] K.S. van Houtan, S.L. Pimm, J.M. Halley, R.O. Bierregaard Jr, T.E. Lovejoy. Dispersal of Amazonian birds in continuous and fragmented forest. Ecology Letters 10(3) (2007) 219-229
  • [41] E.V. Lopes, G.H. Volpato, L.B. Mendonça, F.L. Fávaro, L. Anjos. Abundância, microhabitat e repartição ecológica de papa-formigas (Passeriformes, Thamnophilidae) na bacia hidrográfica do rio Tibagi, Paraná, Brasil. Zoologia 23 (2006) 395-403
  • [42] M.M. Hansbauer, I. Storch, R.G. Pimentel, J.P. Metzger, J.P. Comparative range use by three Atlantic Forest understory bird species in relation to forest fragmentation. Journal of Tropical Ecology 24 (2008) 291-299
  • [43] C. Duca, T.J. Guerra, M.A. Marini. Territory size of three antbirds (Aves, Passeriformes) in an Atlantic Forest fragment in southeastern Brazil. Zoologia 23 (2006) 692-698
  • [44] T.E. Martim, J.R. Karr. Temporal dynamics of neotropical birds with special reference to frugivores in second-growth woods. Wilson Bulletin 98(1) (1986) 38-60
  • [45] M. Wong. Trophic organization of understory birds in a Malaysian dipterocarp forest. Auk 103(1) (1986) 100-116
  • [46] E.A. Jayson, D.N. Mathew. Vertical stratification and its relation to foliage in tropical forest birds in western ghats (India). Acta Ornithologica 38 (2003) 111-116
  • [47] J.H. Koen. Stratal distribution and resource partitioning of birds in the Knysna Forest, South Africa. African Journal of Ecology 26 (1988) 229-238
  • [48] K. Chmel, V. Novotny, J. Riegert. Vertical stratification of an avian community in New Guinean tropical rainforest. Population Ecology 58(4) (2016) 535-547
  • [49] N.M. Nadkarni. Diversity of species and interactions in the upper tree canopy of forest ecosystems. American Zoologist 34 (1994) 70-78
  • [50] N.M. Nadkarni, T. Matelson. Bird use of epiphyte resources in Neotropical trees. The Condor 91 (1989) 891-907
  • [51] S.G.W. Laurance, P.C. Stouffer, W.F. Laurance. Effects of road clearings on movement patterns of understory rainforest birds in Central Amazonia. Conservation Biology 18 (2004) 1099-1109
  • [52] Fabio Rossano Dario. Xingu River’s Big Bend: great diversity of birds in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest. The Institute of Biopaleogeography named under Charles R. Darwin 4 (2021) 1-56
  • [53] Fabio Rossano Dario. Landscape and birds diversity in the Kayabi and Apiaká indigenous territories in the Amazon rainforest. The Institute of Biopaleogeography named under Charles R. Darwin 7 (2021) 1-57
  • [54] Fabio Rossano Dario. Scientific expedition in Bororo indigenous territory in the Brazilian Savanna. The Institute of Biopaleogeography named under Charles R. Darwin 9 (2021) 1-60
  • [55] Fabio Rossano Dario. The brazilian Caatinga biome where the Pankararu indigenous live. The Institute of Biopaleogeography named under Charles R. Darwin 10 (2021) 1-69

Document Type


Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.