PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2020 | 32 | 49-60
Article title

The Effect of Addition Marigold-Meal to Artificial Feeds for Increasing Color Intensity of Koi Fish (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) Strain Kohaku

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Feed greatly affects the growth and health of fish, however it also functions to increase the value of the color intensity when specific additional ingredients are added. One of the important ingredients, marigold-meal is one of the natural carotenoid sources. This research aims to determine the optimum concentration of marigold-meal in the artificial feed to increase the intensity color of koi fish, specifically the kohaku strain. The method used was an experimental Completely Randomized Design, consisting of five treatments and four replications. Parameters observed were color intensities analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis analysis, if there were significant differences, Z test would be performed. Research results were the color intensity enhancement of koi fish tails and head until the 40th day showed the highest value in the treatment concentration of 0.0% marigold-meal (positive control) with an average score of 8.00 and 10.00. This value was not different from the treatment concentration of 2.0% marigold-meal and concentration 1.5% marigold-meal. However, this value was not significantly different from concentration of 1.5% marigold-meal. The lowest average score on the tail and head was treatment concentration of 0.0% marigold-meal (negative control). The optimum concentration of the addition of marigold-meal resulting the best color intensity increase was in 1.5% concentration of marigold-meal with the color intensity value of 5.97 in the tail and 6.50 in the head of koi fish Kohaku strain.
Keywords
Year
Volume
32
Pages
49-60
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung – Sumedang KM.21 Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung – Sumedang KM.21 Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung – Sumedang KM.21 Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung – Sumedang KM.21 Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
References
  • [1] Yanar, M., Z. Erçen, A.ö. Hunt, and H.M. Büyükçapar. 2008. The Use of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) as a Natural Carotenoid Source in Diets of Goldfish (Carassius auratus). Aquaculture 284: 196-200
  • [2] Paripatananont, T., Tangtrongpairoj, J., Sailasuta, A., and Chansue, N. 1999. Effect of astaxanthin on the colouringation of goldfish Carassius auratus. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 30: 454-460
  • [3] Dananjaya, S.H. ., Manjula, P., Dissanayake, A.S., Edussuriya, M., Radampola, K., Park, B.K., and De Zoysa, M. 2020. Growth performance and color enhancement of goldfish, Carassius auratus, fed diets containing natural dyes extracted from annatto (Bixa orellana) seeds. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 32(1), 53-69
  • [4] Ramamoorthy, K., Bhuvaneswari, S., Sankar, G., and Sakkaravarthi, K. 2010. Proximate composition and carotenoid content of natural carotenoid sources and its colour enhancement on marine ornamental fish Amphiprion ocellaris (Cuveir, 1880). World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences, 2 (6): 545-550
  • [5] Villar-Martinez, A.A.D., J.C.R. Orbe, E.P.E. Vanegas, and G.A.G. Quintero. 2013. The effect of marigold (Tagetes erecta) as natural carotenoid source for the pigmentation of goldfish (Carassius auratus L.). Research Journal of Fisheries and Hydrobiology 8 (2): 31-37
  • [6] Navarrete-Bolanos, J.L., Rangel-Cruz, C.L., Jimenez-Islas, H., Botello-Alvarez, E., and Rico-Martinez, R. (2005). Pre-treatment effects on the extraction efficiency of xanthopylls from marigold flower (Tagetes erecta) using hexane. Food Research International, 38: 159-165
  • [7] Sari, N.P., L. Santoso, and S. Hudaidah. 2012. Effect of Addition of Shrimp Head Flour in Feed on Pigmentation of Kohaku Koi (Cyprinus carpio). Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Budidaya Perairan, 1(1): 31-38
  • [8] Gouveia, L., P. Rema, O. Pereira, and J. Empis. 2003. Colouring Ornamental Fish (Cyprinus carpio and Carassius auratus) with Micro-Algal Biomass. Aquaculture Nutrition, 9: 123-129
  • [9] Sinha, A. and Asimi, O.A. 2007. China rose (Hibiscus rosasinensis) petals: a potent natural carotenoid source for goldfish (Carassius auratus L.). Aquaculture Research, 38: 1123-1128
  • [10] Wayan, S., Wayan, S., Nina M., and Karunia L.M. 2010. Improving the Color Quality of Rainbow Red Fish (Glossolepis incisus, Weber 1907) Through the Enrichment of Caratoid Shrimp Head Flour in Feed. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia 10 (1): 1-9
  • [11] Woods, C., 2003. Growth and survival of juvenile seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis reared on live, frozen and artificial foods. Aquaculture, 220: 287-298
  • [12] James, R. and Sampath, K., 2003. Effect of meal frequency on growth and reproduction in the ornamental red swordtail (Xiphophorus helleri). Isr. J. Aquacult-Bamid. 55: 197-207
  • [13] Zhao, D.Y., Aldini, G., Johnson, E.J., Rasmussen, H., Kraemer, Woolf, H., Musaeus, N., Krinsky, N.I., Russell, R.M., and Yeum, K.J., 2003. Modification of lymphocyte DNA damage by carotenoid 371 supplementation in postmenopausal women. Am. J. Clin. Nutri. 83: 163-169
  • [14] Raden Ahmad Sholahudin Fauzi, Ayi Yustiati, Eddy Afrianto, Ibnu Bangkit. Growth and sustainability performance of common carp seed (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) in round water flowing container. World Scientific News 141 (2020) 132-144
  • [15] Zahara Pujie Insanie, Yuniar Mulyani, Asep Agus Handaka, Rosidah. Effectiveness of Bacillus sp. to increase the body resistance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) against the attack of Aeromonas hydrophila. World Scientific News 133 (2019) 263-274
  • [16] Rashidian, G., Rainis, S., Prokić, M. D., and Faggio, C. (2020). Effects of Different Levels of Carotenoids and Light Sources on Swordtail Fish (Xiphophorus helleri) Growth, Survival Rate and Reproductive Parameters. Natural Product Research, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2020.1723091
  • [17] Amar E.C., Kiron V., Satoh S., Okamoto N., and Watanabe T. 2000. Effects of dietary b-carotene on the immune response of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fisheries Sci. 66(6): 1068-1075
  • [18] Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI). 2011. Koi Fish (Cyprinus carpio) Quality and Handling Requirements. Badan Standardisasi Nasional/BSN, Jakarta.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-d84e2fc1-6e95-49c2-80f3-87b5cb68c127
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.