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In this review we covered encephalitides and other sequelae of arbovirus infections. A family Flaviviridae along with families Togaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Reoviridae and Arenaviridae had been previously classified as Arboviridae (arthropod-borne). In spite of a significant diversity of viruses of the Arboviridae group, the term “arboviruses” is still useful and widely used. Here we covered viruses spread by ticks: tick-borne encephalitis virus, Powassan, Russian spring summer encephalitis virus, Kyasanur forest disease virus, Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus, louping ill and by mosquitos: yellow fever virus, Wesselsbron virus, Ilheus virus, Japanese B encephalitis virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, West Nile virus and Dengue hemorrhagic fever virus as well as a Modoc group. Togaviruses comprise Eastern, Western and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus while fleboviruses, Rift Valley virus. Coltiviruses comprise Colorado thick fever virus.
W pracy omówiono powikłania ze strony układu nerwowego po zakażeniu arbowirusami. Rodzina Flaviviridae dawniej była zaklasyfikowana, wraz z rodzinami Togaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Reoviridae i Arenaviridae, do grupy zwanej Arboviridae. Grupa ta obejmowała wirusy przenoszone przez stawonogi (arthropod-borne). Pomimo dużego zróżnicowania wirusów należących do grupy Arboviridae określenie „arbowirusy” jest nadal przydatne i często stosowane. Omówiono wirusy przenoszone przez kleszcze: wirusy kleszczowego zapalenia mózgu, Powassan, rosyjskiego wiosenno-letniego zapalenia mózgu, choroby lasu Kyasanur, omskiej gorączki krwotocznej, louping ill („skaczących” owiec) oraz wirusy przenoszone przez komary: grupę żółtej gorączki, wirus Wesselsbron, Ilheus i Rocio, grupę japońskiego zapalenia mózgu, wirus zapalenia mózgu doliny Murray, wirus zapalenia mózgu St. Louis, wirus zachodniego Nilu, wirus gorączki krwotocznej dengi i grupę Modoc. Do omówionych togawirusów należą: wirusy wschodniego, zachodniego i wenezuelskiego końskiego zapalenia mózgu. Do rodzaju Bunyavirus należą: grupa Modoc i wirus gorączki doliny Rift; do koltiwirusów: wirus gorączki kleszczowej Kolorado.
Physical description
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