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2017 | 5 | 95-104
Article title

Self-esteem analyses in people who are deaf or hard of hearing: a comparison between active and inactive individuals

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The aim of the study was to analyse the status of SE in people who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) and compare SE scores between active and inactive individuals. The sample of people who are D/HH (n=117) was divided into two groups of those who are regularly participating in sport (active ; n=27) and those who are not participating in any sport in their leisure (inactive ; n=90) . The Rosenberg Self - Esteem Scale (RSES) was used as a primary research method. 10 - item scale measures global self - worth by me asuring positive and negative feelings about the self. Higher scores (from 10 to 40 points) indicate higher SE. The Pearson chi - square test was used to determine the differences of 10 RSES items and total scores between active and inactive people who are D /HH. We found that t he mean score of RSES in the group of people who are D/HH was 28.83 points; active people who are D/HH observed total score of RSES 30.18 points and group of inactive people who are D/HH showed the lowest SE by achieving 28.89 points. M ean scores comparison of each RSES item between active and inactive people who are D/HH revealed higher SE in the group of active people with hearing loss. Significantly higher SE of active people who are D/HH was presented only by 1 from 10 RSES items . Th e results of our study confirmed that actively living people with hearing loss have higher SE comparing those who are living sedentary life style.
  • Comenius University, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Bratislava, Slovakia
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