PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2019 | 22 | 84-92
Article title

Morphological and Physicochemical Properties of Basaltic Soils on a Toposequence in Ikom, South Eastern Nigeria

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Three profile pits were sunk along a toposequence of basaltic soils in Ikom, Cross River State to determine their morphological and physicochemical properties. The profile pits were morphologically described and thirteen (13) soil samples were collected from different horizons of the profiles for physicochemical analysis. Morphologically, the soils were deep and well drained with no concretions. The colour of the surface soils varied between dark reddish gray (5YR4/2) and dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) to dark reddish brown (5YR 3/4), while that of the subsurface varied between red (2.5YR 4/6) to reddish brown (2.5YR 4/4). The soils had sub-angular blocky structure of different grades and classes with predominantly clayey texture in the Ap horizons and very gravelly clayey texture in the Crtg horizons. The chemical analysis revealed that exchangeable Ca2+ was the most dominant cation amongst the exchangeable bases. The soils were low in total nitrogen, organic carbon, available phosphorus and very high in base saturation. The study showed that the soils are moderately fertile and as such, a lot has to be done to improve their fertility status through the application of organic and inorganic fertilizers with good management practices such as mulching with crop residue after harvest, sowing of crops at low density per hectare, conservative tillage, strip cropping, crop rotation and shifting cultivation to ensure sustainable productivity.
Year
Volume
22
Pages
84-92
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
References
  • [1] Akpan-Idiok A. U., Enya, C.N. and Ofem, K.I.Characterization and sustainability of basaltic soils supporting cocoa in Ikom, Southeast Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 2016; 4, (5): 762-770.
  • [2] Bamgbose, O., Odukoya, O. and Arowolo, T.O.A. Earthworm as bio-indicator of metal pollution in dumpsite of Abeokuta city, Nigeria. International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 2000; 48, 229-234
  • [3] Corbett, J.R. The genesis of of some basaltic soils in New South Wales. European Journal of Science 2006: 19 (1): 174-185.
  • [4] Esthett, E.T. The basaltic soils of south-eastern Nigeria, properties, classification and constraints to productivity. Journal of soil science 1989; 3: 565-511.
  • [5] Hassan, A.M., Raji, B.A., Malgwi, W.B. and Agbenin, J.O. The basaltic soils of Plateau State, Nigeria; properties, classification and management practices. Journal of soil science and environmental management 2015; 6 (1), 1-8.
  • [6] Kparmwang, T., Esu, I.E. and Chude, V.O. Properties, classification and agricultural potential of basaltic soils in semi-arid Nigeria. Journal of Arid Environment, 1992; 38 (1): 117-128.
  • [7] Markus, A., Shamshuddin, J., Fausia, C.I.A. and Omar, S.R. Mineralogy and factors controlling charge development of three Oxisols developed from different parent materials. Geo Journal, 2008; 143: 153-167.
  • [8] Mamzing, D., Loks, N.A., Da”ar, J.W., Daboro, P.C., Rotbe, G., Deme, P.N. and Zata, A.I., Morphological and physico-chemical properties of soils developed on basaltic parent materials in Jos South, Plateau State. International Journal of Innovation in Sustainable Development, 2016; 7 No 2.
  • [9] McAlease and McCananghy. Studies on basaltic soils of Northern Ireland. 11. Contributions from the sand, silt and clay properties, Journal of soil science, 1959; 8: 135-140.
  • [10] Nsor, M.E. and Ibanga I.J. Morphological characteristics and classification of soils derived from diverse parent materials in central C.R.S. Nigeria. Global Journal of pure and Applied Science 2008; 14 (3); 271-278.
  • [11] Olowolafe B.A. Soil parents materials and soil properties in two separate catchment areas in the Jos plateau, Nigeria. Geo-Journal 2002; 56: 201-212.
  • [12] Srikanth, P., Sormasekhar, S.A., Kanthi, G.K. and Raghu, B.K. Analysis of heavy metals by using atomic adsorption spectroscopy from the samples taken around Visakhpatnam. International Journal of Environmental Ecology, Family and Urban Studies 2013; 3(1): 127-132.
  • [13] Uzoho, P.U. and Oti, N.N. Phosphorus absorption characteristics of selected Southeastern Nigerian Soils. Journal of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension 2005; 4(1): 50-55.
  • [14] Akpan-idiok, AU, I.E Esu and VJ. Characterization and classification of basaltic soils on a Toposequence in Southeast Nigeria. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of Soil Society of Nigeria, 2004; 65-70
  • [15] Webb A.A. and Dowling, A.J. (1990). Characterization of basaltic clay soils (vertisols) from the Oxford land system in central Queensland. Australian Journal of Soil Research 28(6), 841-856.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-d2f38b9c-d2fe-46a5-a6e3-5cb25f21d536
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.