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2015 | 15 | 3 | 130–134
Article title

Nowe perspektywy leczenia wtórnie postępującej postaci stwardnienia rozsianego

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Title variants
EN
New outlook for the treatment of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis
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EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system which has an unknown origin and variable course. In about 85% of cases it starts as the relapsing-remitting form that, in different periods of time depending on the patient, turns into the secondary progressive form with constant progression of disability, sometimes with preserved relapse and magnetic resonance imaging activity at the beginning. The treatment options for the secondary progressive form of multiple sclerosis are still limited. Based on the results of Mitoxantrone in Multiple Sclerosis Study, mitoxantrone has been registered for the treatment of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. In addition, the drugs that have received registration in Europe are interferon beta-1b and interferon beta-1a given subcutaneously. These drugs have a proven effect in slowing the progression of disability (interferon beta-1b, mitoxantrone) as well as reducing the annualised relapse rate (interferon beta-1b, interferon beta-1a, mitoxantrone) and the number of new outbreaks in magnetic resonance imaging (interferon beta-1a, interferon beta-1b). The study of North American Study Group on Interferon β-1b in Secondary Progressive MS showed no effect of the therapy with interferon beta-1b on the inhibition of disability progression and as a result, the drug has not obtained registration for the treatment of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis in the United States. The patients who benefit most from the therapy which modifies the course of the progressive form of multiple sclerosis are younger, with a shorter history of the disease, preserved relapse activity and rapidly increasing disability.
PL
Stwardnienie rozsiane jest przewlekłą autoimmunologiczną chorobą ośrodkowego układu nerwowego o nieznanej przyczynie i zmiennym przebiegu. W około 85% przypadków najpierw występuje postać rzutowo-remisyjna, która po pewnym czasie (różniącym się w zależności od pacjenta) przechodzi w postać wtórnie postępującą ze stałą progresją niesprawności, niekiedy z początkowo zachowaną aktywnością rzutową i rezonansową choroby. Możliwości leczenia wtórnie postępującej postaci stwardnienia rozsianego są ograniczone. Na podstawie wyników badania Mitoxantrone in Multiple Sclerosis Study do leczenia tej postaci choroby zarejestrowany został mitoksantron. Ponadto w Europie rejestrację uzyskały interferon beta-1b oraz interferon beta-1a podawany podskórnie. Udowodniono wpływ tych leków na hamowanie progresji niesprawności (interferon beta-1b, mitoksantron) oraz spadek rocznego wskaźnika rzutów (interferon beta-1b, interferon beta-1a, mitoksantron) i liczby nowych ognisk w obrazach rezonansu magnetycznego (interferon beta-1a, interferon beta-1b). Badanie North American Study Group on Interferon β-1b in Secondary Progressive MS nie wykazało wpływu terapii interferonem beta-1b na hamowanie postępu niesprawności, więc nie uzyskał on rejestracji do leczenia tej postaci stwardnienia rozsianego w Stanach Zjednoczonych. Największe korzyści z terapii modyfikującej przebieg postępującej postaci choroby odnoszą pacjenci młodsi, chorujący krócej, z zachowaną aktywnością rzutową i szybko narastającą niesprawnością.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
15
Issue
3
Pages
130–134
Physical description
Contributors
  • Klinika Neurologii z Pododdziałem Leczenia Udaru Mózgu, Kliniczny Szpital Wojewódzki nr 2 w Rzeszowie, Polska. Kierownik Kliniki: prof. dr hab. n. med. Halina Bartosik-Psujek
  • Klinika Neurologii z Pododdziałem Leczenia Udaru Mózgu, Kliniczny Szpital Wojewódzki nr 2 w Rzeszowie, Polska. Kierownik Kliniki: prof. dr hab. n. med. Halina Bartosik-Psujek
References
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Document Type
review
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-d1a9a5ee-6c8b-404b-90aa-53af9ce3854d
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