Estimation of Genetic Parameters, Heritability and Genetic Advance for Yield Related Traits in Upland Rice (Oryza sativa L. and Oryza glaberrima Steud) Genotypes in Northwestern Ethiopia
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This study was carried out to assess the extent of genetic variability for yield and yield related traits and to estimkate heritability and genetic advance in rainfed upland rice genotypes Twenty-two selected upland rice varieties were evaluated in randomized complete block design with three replications during 2014 cropping season. The analysis of variance showed highly significant differences (p < 0.01) for days to flowering, days to maturity, hundred seed weight, plant height and panicle length and differed significantly (p < 0.05) for fertile tiller per plant, filled grains per panicle, unfilled grains per panicle ,biomass yield and grain yield per plot except harvest index, indicating the existence of variability. The higher phenotypic and genotypic variance were obtained from number of filled grains, plant height, days for 50% heading, days for 85% maturity and biomass yield indicating high influence of the environment on the traits. The high level of genotypic and phenotypic coefficients of variation was recorded for traits like biomass yield, grain yield, number of fertile tillers per plant and unfilled grains per panicle. Heritability estimates were moderately high for days to maturity (66.01%), and thousand-grain weight (66.80%). High genetic advance as percent of means was observed for biomass yield per plot, unfilled grains per panicle, grain yield per plot, and fertile tiller per plant. Thousand-grain weight showed moderately high heritability coupled with high genetic advance as percent of mean. Therefore, selection based on this character might be effective for increasing grain yield.
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