Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 53 | 3 | 216-229
Article title

Effect of Population Density and Spatial Arrangements of Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp) on Productivity of Maize-Pigeon pea Intercropping

Title variants
Languages of publication
A field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of pigeon pea spatial arrangement and population density on the productivity of maize-pigeon pea intercropping. Treatments were consisted of two pigeon pea spatial arrangements and three population densities of pigeon pea using randomized complete block design with three replications. Spatial arrangement and population densities had significant influence on pigeon pea grain yield. Higher grain yield was obtained from the highest pigeon pea plant population density and 1:2 spatial arrangement (3.90 t/ha, 0.73 t/ha for maize and 3.74 t/ha, 0.75 t/ha for pigeon pea). Number of seeds/cob and biomass yield of maize were not significantly affected by pigeon pea spatial arrangement and population densities. The interaction effect of pigeon pea spatial arrangement and population density had a significant effect on maize biomass yield. The highest interaction effect on biomass yield was obtained from the lowest pigeon pea population density with 1:2 arrangements. Land use efficiency and monetary return was increased by increasing plant density and pigeon pea rows. Total LER of 1.16 and 1.24 was received from 1:2 and 250,000 plants ha-1. Under pigeon pea spatial arrangement of 1:2 and population density of 125,000 and 250,000 plants ha-1 maize-pigeon pea intercropping was found to be advantageous. The highest monetary return was also obtained from these treatments of 1:2 and 250,000 plants ha-1(28185 ETB ha-1 and 28106 ETB ha-1). Intercropping maize-pigeon pea gave a gross monetary advantage of 75% and 21% of their respective sole crops of maize and pigeon pea.
Physical description
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Pawe Research Center, Pawe, Ethiopia
  • [1] Abraham Demisie (2008). Influence of pigeon pea (Cajanus_cajan (L.) Millsp.) Population density, Spatial arrangement and Cultivar on performance and yield in intercrop of maize (Zea mays L.) Pigeon pea at Kindo koisha Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis Hawassa University Awassa Ethiopia.
  • [2] Akbar UN. (1998). Response of maize varieties to various levels of nitrogen and plant population. M.Sc. (Hons) Thesis, Deptt. of Agron. NWFP Agric. Univ. Peshawar.
  • [3] Caballero R, Goicoechea E L and P J Hernaiz (1995). “Forage yields and quality of common vetch and oat sown varying seeding ratios and seeding rates of vetch”, Field Crop. Res., Vol. 41, pp. 135-140.
  • [4] CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center), (2004). Second Semi-Annual Progress Report for the Quality Protein Maize Development Project for the Horn and East Africa (XP 31519). July 1- December 31, 2003.
  • [5] CSA (Central Statistical Agency), (2012). Agricultural Sample survey: report on area and production of major crops (private peasant holdings, Meher season). Statistical Bulletin, (1). Addis Abeba.
  • [6] Dahmardeh, AM. Ghanbari, B.A. Syahsar and M. Ramrodi, (2010), The role of intercropping maize (Zea mays L.) and Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) on yield and soil chemical properties. African J. Agric. Res. 5(8): 631-636.
  • [7] Dhima K.V., Lithourgidis A.S., Vasilakoglou I.B. and. Dordas C.A, (2007). Competition indices of common vetch and cereal intercrops in two seeding ratio. Field Crops Research 100, 249-256.
  • [8] FAO (Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations). (2011). FAOSTAT online database, available at link Accessed on December 2011.
  • [9] Geremew Yadessa. (2006). Influence of cowpea sowing date and population density on performance and yield in intercrop of sorghum-cowpea. M.Sc. Thesis. University of Hawassa, Awassa, Ethiopia.
  • [10] Hirpa Legesse. (2006). Sorghum-pigeon pea intercropping under semi-arid areas of Meiso, Eastern Ethiopia: The effect of Spatial arrangement and Plant population. M.Sc. Thesis. University of Hawassa, Awassa, Ethiopia.
  • [11]
  • [12] Muoneke CO and Asiegbu JE (1997). Effect of Okra Planting Density and Spatial Arrangement in Intercrop with Maize on the Growth and Yield of the Component Species. Department of Crop Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • [13] Muoneke CO and Mbah EU (2007). Productivity of cassava/okra intercropping systems as influenced by okra planting density. Department of Agronomy, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2 (5), pp. 223-231,
  • [14] Ossom EM and Rhykerd RL (2007). Phaseolus vulgaris L. population density affects intercropped Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Trans. Illinois State Acad. Science, 100(1). 13-23.
  • [15] Palaniappan SP (2000). “Cropping system in the tropic”, publ. Mohander Singh Sejwal for Wiley Eastern Limited, 4835/ 24 Ansori road, Daryagari, New Delhi 110002.
  • [16] SAS Institute. (2000). SAS User’s Guide, Statistics version 8.2 ed. SAS Inst., Cary, NC, USA.
  • [17] Snapp, S.S., Rohrbach, D.D., Simtowe, F. & Freeman, H.A., (2002). Sustainable soil management options for Malawi: can smallholder farmers grow more legumes? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 91, 159-174.
  • [18] Thwala MG and Ossom EM (2004). Legume- maize association influences crop characterstics and yields. Faculty of Agriculture, university of Swaziland, P.O. Luyenzo, Swaziland M 205.
  • [19] Tamiru Hirpa (2014). Effect of intercrop row arrangement on maize and haricot bean productivity and the residual soil. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2(4), pp. 069-077.
  • [20] Tolossa Debele (1996). Varietal combination and plant density for maize/ haricot bean intercropping at Bako in Western Ethiopia. In proceedings of the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional maize conference. June 3-7, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • [21] Tsubo M., Walker S. and Ogindo HO., (2005), A simulation model of cereal–legume intercropping systems for semi-arid regions II. Model application. Field Crops Research 93 10-22.
  • [22] Vandermeer JH (1989). The ecology of intercropping. Cambridge Univ. Press. New York.
  • [23] Vandermeer JH (1990). “Intercropping agroecological”, Mc. Graw–Hill (Eds), New York, Pp. 481-516.
  • [24] Walelign Demisie (2006). Effect of plant population density on yield and yield components of two pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) varieties at Awassa. M.Sc. Thesis Hawassa university, Ethiopia.
  • [25] Willey RW (1979). Intercropping: Its importance and research needs. Part I. Competition and yield advantages. Field crop Abstract. 32: 1-10.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.