On the examination of reasons why border dwellers tend to goods smuggling and its impacts on the non-accomplishment of economic development
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Iran has over 6000 kilometers joint (land) border with countries of Afghanistan, Pakistan Turkmenistan, Turkey, Armenia, Republic of Azarbaijan and Iraq. Iran also has a 2700 kilometer maritime border in the Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf and Oman Sea and has the longest border with Iraq and shortest border with Armenia. Border dwellers turn to smuggling due to some reasons. This research addresses reasons why border dwellers tend to goods smuggling and its impacts on the non-accomplishment of economic development. This research is descriptive in nature and its methodology is export facto; because the researcher seeks to find possible ways in which border dwellers tend to goods smuggling. The statistical population of this research consists of male residents in the city of Bane in 2014 who amounted to 30000. The sample volume was selected 384 people based on the Morgan formula who were selected via random sampling. The research tool was a researcher made questionnaire where appropriate questions and options were used given the research's hypotheses and objectives. The questionnaire's validity was confirmed by professors and the mean questionnaire's reliability was estimated 0/75 by using Cronbach's alpha. The results of the current research finding which are in line with the researches investigated in this field suggest that factors related with familial subsistence and factors related with the ecobomic system have all affected tendency to goods smuggling.
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