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2016 | 52 | 93-105
Article title

On the examination of reasons why border dwellers tend to goods smuggling and its impacts on the non-accomplishment of economic development

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Iran has over 6000 kilometers joint (land) border with countries of Afghanistan, Pakistan Turkmenistan, Turkey, Armenia, Republic of Azarbaijan and Iraq. Iran also has a 2700 kilometer maritime border in the Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf and Oman Sea and has the longest border with Iraq and shortest border with Armenia. Border dwellers turn to smuggling due to some reasons. This research addresses reasons why border dwellers tend to goods smuggling and its impacts on the non-accomplishment of economic development. This research is descriptive in nature and its methodology is export facto; because the researcher seeks to find possible ways in which border dwellers tend to goods smuggling. The statistical population of this research consists of male residents in the city of Bane in 2014 who amounted to 30000. The sample volume was selected 384 people based on the Morgan formula who were selected via random sampling. The research tool was a researcher made questionnaire where appropriate questions and options were used given the research's hypotheses and objectives. The questionnaire's validity was confirmed by professors and the mean questionnaire's reliability was estimated 0/75 by using Cronbach's alpha. The results of the current research finding which are in line with the researches investigated in this field suggest that factors related with familial subsistence and factors related with the ecobomic system have all affected tendency to goods smuggling.
Physical description
  • Department of Sociology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
  • 2Department of Management, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran
  • [1] Bagheri Garmaroudi, M. (1998). Underground economy estimates and its impact on the budget deficit and private sector investment over the period 1374-1350; master's thesis, University martyr Beheshti.
  • [2] Ghasemi, B., & Bahrami, M. (2006). Pathology smuggling in Iran. Tehran: Farabi publication.
  • [3] Shakibaea, A. & Sadghi, H. (2002). Modeling of underground economy using fuzzy logic. Journal of Economic Research, 62(1): 175-194.
  • [4] Nasiri, S. (2002) The factors affecting the smuggling and its impact on the national economy. Tehran: Islamic Azad University Publication.
  • [5] Abrishami, H., Mehrara, M., & Aryana, Y. (2006). Review of symmetric reactions underground economy to tax changes; Economic Research Journal, 42(2): 1-20.
  • [6] Azam Safarabadi, Hakimeh Majidi Dehshykh, Ali Zangiabadi, Somayeh Shahzeidi, Development of Urban Tourism with an Emphasis on the Role of Border Markets (Case Study: Paveh Border Market). Journal of Tourism Planning and Development, Vol. 5, No.16, Summer 2016, Pages 29-33.
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