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2017 | 13 | 3 | 311–316
Article title

Zakrzepica żył powierzchownych a zakrzepica żył głębokich

Content
Title variants
EN
Superficial vein thrombosis and deep vein thrombosis – a comparison
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
Although superficial vein thrombosis is commonly considered a rather minor condition, a number of studies indicate that its consequences can be much more severe. Since the introduction of Doppler ultrasonography to common diagnosis of venous diseases, the approach to threats associated with superficial vein thrombosis has changed, mainly in the context of venous thromboembolism. Superficial thrombosis in varicose veins must be differentiated from that occurring in patients without varicosities. In the former case, superficial vein thrombosis is usually caused by haemodynamic disorders (slower flow), while in the latter, it is caused by thrombophilia or inflammation, but it can also be a prodromal sign of cancer. Ultrasonography enables one to distinguish deep vein thrombosis caused by superficial vein thrombosis progression (by extension through perforator veins or the great/small saphenous vein ostium into the deep venous system) from deep vein thrombosis occurring at a certain distance from the site of superficial vein thrombosis. The authors emphasise that due to the possibility of concomitant deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, our attitude to the diagnostic process, potential complications and treatment of superficial vein thrombosis should be changed.
PL
Chociaż tradycyjnie uznaje się zakrzepicę żył powierzchownych za chorobę łagodną, wiele badań wskazuje, że jej konsekwencje mogą być znacznie poważniejsze. Od czasów wprowadzenia do powszechnej diagnostyki układu żylnego badania ultrasonograficznego dopplerowskiego zupełnie inaczej zaczęto postrzegać zagrożenia związane z zakrzepicą żył powierzchownych, głównie w kontekście żylnej choroby zakrzepowo-zatorowej. Ważne jest, by rozróżnić zakrzepicę żył powierzchownych występującą w obrębie żylaków od tej w żyle niezmienionej żylakowo. W pierwszym przypadku główną przyczyną zakrzepicy żył powierzchownych są zaburzenia hemodynamiczne (zwolnienie przepływu), w drugim zaś do jej powstania przyczyniają się zwykle trombofilia lub stan zapalny, ale może być ona także objawem prodromalnym nowotworu. Badanie ultrasonograficzne umożliwia odróżnienie zakrzepicy żył głębokich spowodowanej szerzeniem się zakrzepicy żył powierzchownych [szerzenie przez ciągłość – przez żyły przeszywające (perforatory) czy ujście żyły odpiszczelowej/ odstrzałkowej do układu głębokiego] od zakrzepicy żył głębokich występującej w pewnej odległości od miejsca powstania zakrzepicy żył powierzchownych. Autorzy zwracają uwagę, że ze względu na możliwość jednoczesnego występowania zakrzepicy żył głębokich lub zatorowości płucnej powinniśmy zmienić nasze podejście do diagnostyki, możliwych konsekwencji oraz leczenia zakrzepicy żył powierzchownych.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
13
Issue
3
Pages
311–316
Physical description
Contributors
  • Oddział Chirurgii, Centrum Medyczne Gizińscy, Bydgoszcz, Polska
  • Student, Wydział Lekarski I, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Poznaniu, Poznań, Polska
  • Klinika Nadciśnienia Tętniczego, Chorób Naczyń i Chorób Wewnętrznych, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Poznaniu, Poznań, Polska
  • Klinika Chirurgii Ogólnej i Naczyń, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Poznaniu, Poznań, Polska
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Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-cae1017f-15e3-41c4-a420-01ea5329e557
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